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Glyph Storage

Glyph Storage — Structures for storing information about glyphs

Synopsis

#define             PANGO_SCALE
#define             PANGO_PIXELS                        (d)
#define             PANGO_PIXELS_FLOOR                  (d)
#define             PANGO_PIXELS_CEIL                   (d)
#define             PANGO_UNITS_ROUND                   (d)
double              pango_units_to_double               (int i);
int                 pango_units_from_double             (double d);
struct              PangoRectangle;
#define             PANGO_ASCENT                        (rect)
#define             PANGO_DESCENT                       (rect)
#define             PANGO_LBEARING                      (rect)
#define             PANGO_RBEARING                      (rect)
void                pango_extents_to_pixels             (PangoRectangle *inclusive,
                                                         PangoRectangle *nearest);
struct              PangoMatrix;
#define             PANGO_TYPE_MATRIX
#define             PANGO_MATRIX_INIT
PangoMatrix *       pango_matrix_copy                   (const PangoMatrix *matrix);
void                pango_matrix_free                   (PangoMatrix *matrix);
void                pango_matrix_translate              (PangoMatrix *matrix,
                                                         double tx,
                                                         double ty);
void                pango_matrix_scale                  (PangoMatrix *matrix,
                                                         double scale_x,
                                                         double scale_y);
void                pango_matrix_rotate                 (PangoMatrix *matrix,
                                                         double degrees);
void                pango_matrix_concat                 (PangoMatrix *matrix,
                                                         const PangoMatrix *new_matrix);
void                pango_matrix_transform_point        (const PangoMatrix *matrix,
                                                         double *x,
                                                         double *y);
void                pango_matrix_transform_distance     (const PangoMatrix *matrix,
                                                         double *dx,
                                                         double *dy);
void                pango_matrix_transform_rectangle    (const PangoMatrix *matrix,
                                                         PangoRectangle *rect);
void                pango_matrix_transform_pixel_rectangle
                                                        (const PangoMatrix *matrix,
                                                         PangoRectangle *rect);
double              pango_matrix_get_font_scale_factor  (const PangoMatrix *matrix);
typedef             PangoGlyph;
#define             PANGO_GLYPH_EMPTY
#define             PANGO_GLYPH_INVALID_INPUT
#define             PANGO_GLYPH_UNKNOWN_FLAG
#define             PANGO_GET_UNKNOWN_GLYPH             (wc)
struct              PangoGlyphInfo;
struct              PangoGlyphGeometry;
typedef             PangoGlyphUnit;
struct              PangoGlyphVisAttr;
struct              PangoGlyphString;
struct              PangoGlyphItem;
struct              PangoGlyphItemIter;
#define             PANGO_TYPE_GLYPH_STRING
PangoGlyphString *  pango_glyph_string_new              (void);
PangoGlyphString *  pango_glyph_string_copy             (PangoGlyphString *string);
void                pango_glyph_string_set_size         (PangoGlyphString *string,
                                                         gint new_len);
void                pango_glyph_string_free             (PangoGlyphString *string);
void                pango_glyph_string_extents          (PangoGlyphString *glyphs,
                                                         PangoFont *font,
                                                         PangoRectangle *ink_rect,
                                                         PangoRectangle *logical_rect);
void                pango_glyph_string_extents_range    (PangoGlyphString *glyphs,
                                                         int start,
                                                         int end,
                                                         PangoFont *font,
                                                         PangoRectangle *ink_rect,
                                                         PangoRectangle *logical_rect);
int                 pango_glyph_string_get_width        (PangoGlyphString *glyphs);
void                pango_glyph_string_index_to_x       (PangoGlyphString *glyphs,
                                                         char *text,
                                                         int length,
                                                         PangoAnalysis *analysis,
                                                         int index_,
                                                         gboolean trailing,
                                                         int *x_pos);
void                pango_glyph_string_x_to_index       (PangoGlyphString *glyphs,
                                                         char *text,
                                                         int length,
                                                         PangoAnalysis *analysis,
                                                         int x_pos,
                                                         int *index_,
                                                         int *trailing);
void                pango_glyph_string_get_logical_widths
                                                        (PangoGlyphString *glyphs,
                                                         const char *text,
                                                         int length,
                                                         int embedding_level,
                                                         int *logical_widths);
#define             PANGO_TYPE_GLYPH_ITEM
PangoGlyphItem *    pango_glyph_item_copy               (PangoGlyphItem *orig);
void                pango_glyph_item_free               (PangoGlyphItem *glyph_item);
PangoGlyphItem *    pango_glyph_item_split              (PangoGlyphItem *orig,
                                                         const char *text,
                                                         int split_index);
GSList *            pango_glyph_item_apply_attrs        (PangoGlyphItem *glyph_item,
                                                         const char *text,
                                                         PangoAttrList *list);
void                pango_glyph_item_letter_space       (PangoGlyphItem *glyph_item,
                                                         const char *text,
                                                         PangoLogAttr *log_attrs,
                                                         int letter_spacing);
void                pango_glyph_item_get_logical_widths (PangoGlyphItem *glyph_item,
                                                         const char *text,
                                                         int *logical_widths);
#define             PANGO_TYPE_GLYPH_ITEM_ITER
PangoGlyphItemIter * pango_glyph_item_iter_copy         (PangoGlyphItemIter *orig);
void                pango_glyph_item_iter_free          (PangoGlyphItemIter *iter);
gboolean            pango_glyph_item_iter_init_start    (PangoGlyphItemIter *iter,
                                                         PangoGlyphItem *glyph_item,
                                                         const char *text);
gboolean            pango_glyph_item_iter_init_end      (PangoGlyphItemIter *iter,
                                                         PangoGlyphItem *glyph_item,
                                                         const char *text);
gboolean            pango_glyph_item_iter_next_cluster  (PangoGlyphItemIter *iter);
gboolean            pango_glyph_item_iter_prev_cluster  (PangoGlyphItemIter *iter);

Description

pango_shape() produces a string of glyphs which can be measured or drawn to the screen. The following structures are used to store information about glyphs.

Details

PANGO_SCALE

#define PANGO_SCALE 1024

The PANGO_SCALE macro represents the scale between dimensions used for Pango distances and device units. (The definition of device units is dependent on the output device; it will typically be pixels for a screen, and points for a printer.) PANGO_SCALE is currently 1024, but this may be changed in the future.

When setting font sizes, device units are always considered to be points (as in "12 point font"), rather than pixels.


PANGO_PIXELS()

#define PANGO_PIXELS(d) (((int)(d) + 512) >> 10)

Converts a dimension to device units by rounding.

d :

a dimension in Pango units.

Returns :

rounded dimension in device units.

PANGO_PIXELS_FLOOR()

#define PANGO_PIXELS_FLOOR(d) (((int)(d)) >> 10)

Converts a dimension to device units by flooring.

d :

a dimension in Pango units.

Returns :

floored dimension in device units.

Since 1.14


PANGO_PIXELS_CEIL()

#define PANGO_PIXELS_CEIL(d) (((int)(d) + 1023) >> 10)

Converts a dimension to device units by ceiling.

d :

a dimension in Pango units.

Returns :

ceiled dimension in device units.

Since 1.14


PANGO_UNITS_ROUND()

#define             PANGO_UNITS_ROUND(d)

Rounds a dimension to whole device units, but does not convert it to device units.

d :

a dimension in Pango units.

Returns :

rounded dimension in Pango units.

Since 1.18


pango_units_to_double ()

double              pango_units_to_double               (int i);

Converts a number in Pango units to floating-point: divides it by PANGO_SCALE.

i :

value in Pango units

Returns :

the double value.

Since 1.16


pango_units_from_double ()

int                 pango_units_from_double             (double d);

Converts a floating-point number to Pango units: multiplies it by PANGO_SCALE and rounds to nearest integer.

d :

double floating-point value

Returns :

the value in Pango units.

Since 1.16


struct PangoRectangle

struct PangoRectangle {
  int x;
  int y;
  int width;
  int height;
};

The PangoRectangle structure represents a rectangle. It is frequently used to represent the logical or ink extents of a single glyph or section of text. (See, for instance, pango_font_get_glyph_extents())

int x;

X coordinate of the left side of the rectangle.

int y;

Y coordinate of the the top side of the rectangle.

int width;

width of the rectangle.

int height;

height of the rectangle.

PANGO_ASCENT()

#define PANGO_ASCENT(rect) (-(rect).y)

Extracts the ascent from a PangoRectangle representing glyph extents. The ascent is the distance from the baseline to the highest point of the character. This is positive if the glyph ascends above the baseline.

rect :

a PangoRectangle

PANGO_DESCENT()

#define PANGO_DESCENT(rect) ((rect).y + (rect).height)

Extracts the descent from a PangoRectangle representing glyph extents. The descent is the distance from the baseline to the lowest point of the character. This is positive if the glyph descends below the baseline.

rect :

a PangoRectangle

PANGO_LBEARING()

#define PANGO_LBEARING(rect) ((rect).x)

Extracts the left bearing from a PangoRectangle representing glyph extents. The left bearing is the distance from the horizontal origin to the farthest left point of the character. This is positive for characters drawn completely to the right of the glyph origin.

rect :

a PangoRectangle

PANGO_RBEARING()

#define PANGO_RBEARING(rect) ((rect).x + (rect).width)

Extracts the right bearing from a PangoRectangle representing glyph extents. The right bearing is the distance from the horizontal origin to the farthest right point of the character. This is positive except for characters drawn completely to the left of the horizontal origin.

rect :

a PangoRectangle

pango_extents_to_pixels ()

void                pango_extents_to_pixels             (PangoRectangle *inclusive,
                                                         PangoRectangle *nearest);

Converts extents from Pango units to device units, dividing by the PANGO_SCALE factor and performing rounding.

The inclusive rectangle is converted by flooring the x/y coordinates and extending width/height, such that the final rectangle completely includes the original rectangle.

The nearest rectangle is converted by rounding the coordinates of the rectangle to the nearest device unit (pixel).

The rule to which argument to use is: if you want the resulting device-space rectangle to completely contain the original rectangle, pass it in as inclusive. If you want two touching-but-not-overlapping rectangles stay touching-but-not-overlapping after rounding to device units, pass them in as nearest.

inclusive :

rectangle to round to pixels inclusively, or NULL.

nearest :

rectangle to round to nearest pixels, or NULL.

Since 1.16


struct PangoMatrix

struct PangoMatrix {
  double xx;
  double xy;
  double yx;
  double yy;
  double x0;
  double y0;
};

A structure specifying a transformation between user-space coordinates and device coordinates. The transformation is given by

x_device = x_user * matrix->xx + y_user * matrix->xy + matrix->x0;
y_device = x_user * matrix->yx + y_user * matrix->yy + matrix->y0;

double xx;

1st component of the transformation matrix

double xy;

2nd component of the transformation matrix

double yx;

3rd component of the transformation matrix

double yy;

4th component of the transformation matrix

double x0;

x translation

double y0;

y translation

Since 1.6


PANGO_TYPE_MATRIX

#define PANGO_TYPE_MATRIX (pango_matrix_get_type ())

The GObject type for PangoMatrix


PANGO_MATRIX_INIT

#define PANGO_MATRIX_INIT { 1., 0., 0., 1., 0., 0. }

Constant that can be used to initialize a PangoMatrix to the identity transform.

1
2
PangoMatrix matrix = PANGO_MATRIX_INIT;
pango_matrix_rotate (&matrix, 45.);

Since 1.6


pango_matrix_copy ()

PangoMatrix *       pango_matrix_copy                   (const PangoMatrix *matrix);

Copies a PangoMatrix.

matrix :

a PangoMatrix, may be NULL

Returns :

the newly allocated PangoMatrix, which should be freed with pango_matrix_free(), or NULL if matrix was NULL.

Since 1.6


pango_matrix_free ()

void                pango_matrix_free                   (PangoMatrix *matrix);

Free a PangoMatrix created with pango_matrix_copy().

matrix :

a PangoMatrix, may be NULL

Since 1.6


pango_matrix_translate ()

void                pango_matrix_translate              (PangoMatrix *matrix,
                                                         double tx,
                                                         double ty);

Changes the transformation represented by matrix to be the transformation given by first translating by (tx, ty) then applying the original transformation.

matrix :

a PangoMatrix

tx :

amount to translate in the X direction

ty :

amount to translate in the Y direction

Since 1.6


pango_matrix_scale ()

void                pango_matrix_scale                  (PangoMatrix *matrix,
                                                         double scale_x,
                                                         double scale_y);

Changes the transformation represented by matrix to be the transformation given by first scaling by sx in the X direction and sy in the Y direction then applying the original transformation.

matrix :

a PangoMatrix

scale_x :

amount to scale by in X direction

scale_y :

amount to scale by in Y direction

Since 1.6


pango_matrix_rotate ()

void                pango_matrix_rotate                 (PangoMatrix *matrix,
                                                         double degrees);

Changes the transformation represented by matrix to be the transformation given by first rotating by degrees degrees counter-clockwise then applying the original transformation.

matrix :

a PangoMatrix

degrees :

degrees to rotate counter-clockwise

Since 1.6


pango_matrix_concat ()

void                pango_matrix_concat                 (PangoMatrix *matrix,
                                                         const PangoMatrix *new_matrix);

Changes the transformation represented by matrix to be the transformation given by first applying transformation given by new_matrix then applying the original transformation.

matrix :

a PangoMatrix

new_matrix :

a PangoMatrix

Since 1.6


pango_matrix_transform_point ()

void                pango_matrix_transform_point        (const PangoMatrix *matrix,
                                                         double *x,
                                                         double *y);

Transforms the point (x, y) by matrix.

matrix :

a PangoMatrix, or NULL

x :

in/out X position

y :

in/out Y position

Since 1.16


pango_matrix_transform_distance ()

void                pango_matrix_transform_distance     (const PangoMatrix *matrix,
                                                         double *dx,
                                                         double *dy);

Transforms the distance vector (dx,dy) by matrix. This is similar to pango_matrix_transform_point() except that the translation components of the transformation are ignored. The calculation of the returned vector is as follows:

dx2 = dx1 * xx + dy1 * xy;
dy2 = dx1 * yx + dy1 * yy;

Affine transformations are position invariant, so the same vector always transforms to the same vector. If (x1,y1) transforms to (x2,y2) then (x1+dx1,y1+dy1) will transform to (x1+dx2,y1+dy2) for all values of x1 and x2.

matrix :

a PangoMatrix, or NULL

dx :

in/out X component of a distance vector

dy :

yn/out Y component of a distance vector

Since 1.16


pango_matrix_transform_rectangle ()

void                pango_matrix_transform_rectangle    (const PangoMatrix *matrix,
                                                         PangoRectangle *rect);

First transforms rect using matrix, then calculates the bounding box of the transformed rectangle. The rectangle should be in Pango units.

This function is useful for example when you want to draw a rotated PangoLayout to an image buffer, and want to know how large the image should be and how much you should shift the layout when rendering.

If you have a rectangle in device units (pixels), use pango_matrix_transform_pixel_rectangle().

If you have the rectangle in Pango units and want to convert to transformed pixel bounding box, it is more accurate to transform it first (using this function) and pass the result to pango_extents_to_pixels(), first argument, for an inclusive rounded rectangle. However, there are valid reasons that you may want to convert to pixels first and then transform, for example when the transformed coordinates may overflow in Pango units (large matrix translation for example).

matrix :

a PangoMatrix, or NULL

rect :

in/out bounding box in Pango units, or NULL

Since 1.16


pango_matrix_transform_pixel_rectangle ()

void                pango_matrix_transform_pixel_rectangle
                                                        (const PangoMatrix *matrix,
                                                         PangoRectangle *rect);

First transforms the rect using matrix, then calculates the bounding box of the transformed rectangle. The rectangle should be in device units (pixels).

This function is useful for example when you want to draw a rotated PangoLayout to an image buffer, and want to know how large the image should be and how much you should shift the layout when rendering.

For better accuracy, you should use pango_matrix_transform_rectangle() on original rectangle in Pango units and convert to pixels afterward using pango_extents_to_pixels()'s first argument.

matrix :

a PangoMatrix, or NULL

rect :

in/out bounding box in device units, or NULL

Since 1.16


pango_matrix_get_font_scale_factor ()

double              pango_matrix_get_font_scale_factor  (const PangoMatrix *matrix);

Returns the scale factor of a matrix on the height of the font. That is, the scale factor in the direction perpendicular to the vector that the X coordinate is mapped to.

matrix :

a PangoMatrix, may be NULL

Returns :

the scale factor of matrix on the height of the font, or 1.0 if matrix is NULL.

Since 1.12


PangoGlyph

typedef guint32 PangoGlyph;

A PangoGlyph represents a single glyph in the output form of a string.


PANGO_GLYPH_EMPTY

#define PANGO_GLYPH_EMPTY           ((PangoGlyph)0x0FFFFFFF)

The PANGO_GLYPH_EMPTY macro represents a PangoGlyph value that has a special meaning, which is a zero-width empty glyph. This is useful for example in shaper modules, to use as the glyph for various zero-width Unicode characters (those passing pango_is_zero_width()).


PANGO_GLYPH_INVALID_INPUT

#define PANGO_GLYPH_INVALID_INPUT   ((PangoGlyph)0xFFFFFFFF)

The PANGO_GLYPH_EMPTY macro represents a PangoGlyph value that has a special meaning of invalid input. PangoLayout produces one such glyph per invalid input UTF-8 byte and such a glyph is rendered as a crossed box. Note that this value is defined such that it has the PANGO_GLYPH_UNKNOWN_FLAG on.

Since 1.20


PANGO_GLYPH_UNKNOWN_FLAG

#define PANGO_GLYPH_UNKNOWN_FLAG    ((PangoGlyph)0x10000000)

The PANGO_GLYPH_UNKNOWN_FLAG macro is a flag value that can be added to a gunichar value of a valid Unicode character, to produce a PangoGlyph value, representing an unknown-character glyph for the respective gunichar.


PANGO_GET_UNKNOWN_GLYPH()

#define PANGO_GET_UNKNOWN_GLYPH(wc) ((PangoGlyph)(wc)|PANGO_GLYPH_UNKNOWN_FLAG)

Returns a PangoGlyph value that means no glyph was found for wc. The way this unknown glyphs are rendered is backend specific. For example, a box with the hexadecimal Unicode code-point of the character written in it is what is done in the most common backends.

wc :

a Unicode character

struct PangoGlyphInfo

struct PangoGlyphInfo {
  PangoGlyph    glyph;
  PangoGlyphGeometry geometry;
  PangoGlyphVisAttr  attr;
};

The PangoGlyphInfo structure represents a single glyph together with positioning information and visual attributes. It contains the following fields.

PangoGlyph glyph;

the glyph itself.

PangoGlyphGeometry geometry;

the positional information about the glyph.

PangoGlyphVisAttr attr;

the visual attributes of the glyph.

struct PangoGlyphGeometry

struct PangoGlyphGeometry {
  PangoGlyphUnit width;
  PangoGlyphUnit x_offset;
  PangoGlyphUnit y_offset;
};

The PangoGlyphGeometry structure contains width and positioning information for a single glyph.

PangoGlyphUnit width;

the logical width to use for the the character.

PangoGlyphUnit x_offset;

horizontal offset from nominal character position.

PangoGlyphUnit y_offset;

vertical offset from nominal character position.

PangoGlyphUnit

typedef gint32 PangoGlyphUnit;

The PangoGlyphUnit type is used to store dimensions within Pango. Dimensions are stored in 1/PANGO_SCALE of a device unit. (A device unit might be a pixel for screen display, or a point on a printer.) PANGO_SCALE is currently 1024, and may change in the future (unlikely though), but you should not depend on its exact value. The PANGO_PIXELS() macro can be used to convert from glyph units into device units with correct rounding.


struct PangoGlyphVisAttr

struct PangoGlyphVisAttr {
  guint is_cluster_start : 1;
};

The PangoGlyphVisAttr is used to communicate information between the shaping phase and the rendering phase. More attributes may be added in the future.

guint is_cluster_start : 1;

set for the first logical glyph in each cluster. (Clusters are stored in visual order, within the cluster, glyphs are always ordered in logical order, since visual order is meaningless; that is, in Arabic text, accent glyphs follow the glyphs for the base character.)

struct PangoGlyphString

struct PangoGlyphString {
  gint num_glyphs;

  PangoGlyphInfo *glyphs;

  /* This is a memory inefficient way of representing the information
   * here - each value gives the byte index within the text
   * corresponding to the glyph string of the start of the cluster to
   * which the glyph belongs.
   */
  gint *log_clusters;
};

The PangoGlyphString structure is used to store strings of glyphs with geometry and visual attribute information. The storage for the glyph information is owned by the structure which simplifies memory management.

gint num_glyphs;

the number of glyphs in the string.

PangoGlyphInfo *glyphs;

an array of PangoGlyphInfo structures of length num_glyphs.

gint *log_clusters;

for each glyph, byte index of the starting character for the cluster. The indices are relative to the start of the text corresponding to the PangoGlyphString.

struct PangoGlyphItem

struct PangoGlyphItem {
  PangoItem        *item;
  PangoGlyphString *glyphs;
};

A PangoGlyphItem is a pair of a PangoItem and the glyphs resulting from shaping the text corresponding to an item. As an example of the usage of PangoGlyphItem, the results of shaping text with PangoLayout is a list of PangoLayoutLine, each of which contains a list of PangoGlyphItem.

PangoItem *item;

a PangoItem structure that provides information about a segment of text.

PangoGlyphString *glyphs;

the glyphs obtained by shaping the text corresponding to item.

struct PangoGlyphItemIter

struct PangoGlyphItemIter {
  PangoGlyphItem *glyph_item;
  const gchar *text;

  int start_glyph;
  int start_index;
  int start_char;

  int end_glyph;
  int end_index;
  int end_char;
};

A PangoGlyphItemIter is an iterator over the clusters in a PangoGlyphItem. The forward direction of the iterator is the logical direction of text. That is, with increasing start_index and start_char values. If glyph_item is right-to-left (that is, if glyph_item->item->analysis.level is odd), then start_glyph decreases as the iterator moves forward. Moreover, in right-to-left cases, start_glyph is greater than end_glyph. An iterator should be initialized using either of pango_glyph_item_iter_init_start() and pango_glyph_item_iter_init_end(), for forward and backward iteration respectively, and walked over using any desired mixture of pango_glyph_item_iter_next_cluster() and pango_glyph_item_iter_prev_cluster(). A common idiom for doing a forward iteration over the clusters is:

PangoGlyphItemIter cluster_iter;
gboolean have_cluster;
for (have_cluster = pango_glyph_item_iter_init_start (&cluster_iter,
                                                      glyph_item, text);
     have_cluster;
     have_cluster = pango_glyph_item_iter_next_cluster (&cluster_iter))
{
  ...
}

Note that text is the start of the text for layout, which is then indexed by glyph_item->item->offset to get to the text of glyph_item. The start_index and end_index values can directly index into text. The start_glyph, end_glyph, start_char, and end_char values however are zero-based for the glyph_item. For each cluster, the item pointed at by the start variables is included in the cluster while the one pointed at by end variables is not. None of the members of a PangoGlyphItemIter should be modified manually.

PangoGlyphItem *glyph_item;

the PangoGlyphItem this iterator iterates over

const gchar *text;

the UTF-8 text that glyph_item refers to

int start_glyph;

starting glyph of the cluster

int start_index;

starting text index of the cluster

int start_char;

starting number of characters of the cluster

int end_glyph;

ending glyph of the cluster

int end_index;

ending text index of the cluster

int end_char;

ending number of characters of the cluster

Since 1.22


PANGO_TYPE_GLYPH_STRING

#define PANGO_TYPE_GLYPH_STRING (pango_glyph_string_get_type ())

The GObject type for PangoGlyphString.


pango_glyph_string_new ()

PangoGlyphString *  pango_glyph_string_new              (void);

Create a new PangoGlyphString.

Returns :

the newly allocated PangoGlyphString, which should be freed with pango_glyph_string_free().

pango_glyph_string_copy ()

PangoGlyphString *  pango_glyph_string_copy             (PangoGlyphString *string);

Copy a glyph string and associated storage.

string :

a PangoGlyphString, may be NULL

Returns :

the newly allocated PangoGlyphString, which should be freed with pango_glyph_string_free(), or NULL if string was NULL.

pango_glyph_string_set_size ()

void                pango_glyph_string_set_size         (PangoGlyphString *string,
                                                         gint new_len);

Resize a glyph string to the given length.

string :

a PangoGlyphString.

new_len :

the new length of the string.

pango_glyph_string_free ()

void                pango_glyph_string_free             (PangoGlyphString *string);

Free a glyph string and associated storage.

string :

a PangoGlyphString, may be NULL

pango_glyph_string_extents ()

void                pango_glyph_string_extents          (PangoGlyphString *glyphs,
                                                         PangoFont *font,
                                                         PangoRectangle *ink_rect,
                                                         PangoRectangle *logical_rect);

Compute the logical and ink extents of a glyph string. See the documentation for pango_font_get_glyph_extents() for details about the interpretation of the rectangles.

glyphs :

a PangoGlyphString

font :

a PangoFont

ink_rect :

rectangle used to store the extents of the glyph string as drawn or NULL to indicate that the result is not needed.

logical_rect :

rectangle used to store the logical extents of the glyph string or NULL to indicate that the result is not needed.

pango_glyph_string_extents_range ()

void                pango_glyph_string_extents_range    (PangoGlyphString *glyphs,
                                                         int start,
                                                         int end,
                                                         PangoFont *font,
                                                         PangoRectangle *ink_rect,
                                                         PangoRectangle *logical_rect);

Computes the extents of a sub-portion of a glyph string. The extents are relative to the start of the glyph string range (the origin of their coordinate system is at the start of the range, not at the start of the entire glyph string).

glyphs :

a PangoGlyphString

start :

start index

end :

end index (the range is the set of bytes with indices such that start <= index < end)

font :

a PangoFont

ink_rect :

rectangle used to store the extents of the glyph string range as drawn or NULL to indicate that the result is not needed.

logical_rect :

rectangle used to store the logical extents of the glyph string range or NULL to indicate that the result is not needed.

pango_glyph_string_get_width ()

int                 pango_glyph_string_get_width        (PangoGlyphString *glyphs);

Computes the logical width of the glyph string as can also be computed using pango_glyph_string_extents(). However, since this only computes the width, it's much faster. This is in fact only a convenience function that computes the sum of geometry.width for each glyph in the glyphs.

glyphs :

a PangoGlyphString

Returns :

the logical width of the glyph string.

Since 1.14


pango_glyph_string_index_to_x ()

void                pango_glyph_string_index_to_x       (PangoGlyphString *glyphs,
                                                         char *text,
                                                         int length,
                                                         PangoAnalysis *analysis,
                                                         int index_,
                                                         gboolean trailing,
                                                         int *x_pos);

Converts from character position to x position. (X position is measured from the left edge of the run). Character positions are computed by dividing up each cluster into equal portions.

glyphs :

the glyphs return from pango_shape()

text :

the text for the run

length :

the number of bytes (not characters) in text.

analysis :

the analysis information return from pango_itemize()

index_ :

the byte index within text

trailing :

whether we should compute the result for the beginning (FALSE) or end (TRUE) of the character.

x_pos :

location to store result

pango_glyph_string_x_to_index ()

void                pango_glyph_string_x_to_index       (PangoGlyphString *glyphs,
                                                         char *text,
                                                         int length,
                                                         PangoAnalysis *analysis,
                                                         int x_pos,
                                                         int *index_,
                                                         int *trailing);

Convert from x offset to character position. Character positions are computed by dividing up each cluster into equal portions. In scripts where positioning within a cluster is not allowed (such as Thai), the returned value may not be a valid cursor position; the caller must combine the result with the logical attributes for the text to compute the valid cursor position.

glyphs :

the glyphs returned from pango_shape()

text :

the text for the run

length :

the number of bytes (not characters) in text.

analysis :

the analysis information return from pango_itemize()

x_pos :

the x offset (in Pango units)

index_ :

location to store calculated byte index within text

trailing :

location to store a boolean indicating whether the user clicked on the leading or trailing edge of the character.

pango_glyph_string_get_logical_widths ()

void                pango_glyph_string_get_logical_widths
                                                        (PangoGlyphString *glyphs,
                                                         const char *text,
                                                         int length,
                                                         int embedding_level,
                                                         int *logical_widths);

Given a PangoGlyphString resulting from pango_shape() and the corresponding text, determine the screen width corresponding to each character. When multiple characters compose a single cluster, the width of the entire cluster is divided equally among the characters.

See also pango_glyph_item_get_logical_widths().

glyphs :

a PangoGlyphString

text :

the text corresponding to the glyphs

length :

the length of text, in bytes

embedding_level :

the embedding level of the string

logical_widths :

an array whose length is the number of characters in text (equal to g_utf8_strlen (text, length) unless text has NUL bytes) to be filled in with the resulting character widths.

PANGO_TYPE_GLYPH_ITEM

#define PANGO_TYPE_GLYPH_ITEM (pango_glyph_item_get_type ())

The GObject type for PangoGlyphItem.

Since 1.20


pango_glyph_item_copy ()

PangoGlyphItem *    pango_glyph_item_copy               (PangoGlyphItem *orig);

Make a deep copy of an existing PangoGlyphItem structure.

orig :

a PangoGlyphItem, may be NULL

Returns :

the newly allocated PangoGlyphItem, which should be freed with pango_glyph_item_free(), or NULL if orig was NULL.

Since 1.20


pango_glyph_item_free ()

void                pango_glyph_item_free               (PangoGlyphItem *glyph_item);

Frees a PangoGlyphItem and resources to which it points.

glyph_item :

a PangoGlyphItem, may be NULL

Since 1.6


pango_glyph_item_split ()

PangoGlyphItem *    pango_glyph_item_split              (PangoGlyphItem *orig,
                                                         const char *text,
                                                         int split_index);

Modifies orig to cover only the text after split_index, and returns a new item that covers the text before split_index that used to be in orig. You can think of split_index as the length of the returned item. split_index may not be 0, and it may not be greater than or equal to the length of orig (that is, there must be at least one byte assigned to each item, you can't create a zero-length item).

This function is similar in function to pango_item_split() (and uses it internally.)

orig :

a PangoItem

text :

text to which positions in orig apply

split_index :

byte index of position to split item, relative to the start of the item

Returns :

the newly allocated item representing text before split_index, which should be freed with pango_glyph_item_free().

Since 1.2


pango_glyph_item_apply_attrs ()

GSList *            pango_glyph_item_apply_attrs        (PangoGlyphItem *glyph_item,
                                                         const char *text,
                                                         PangoAttrList *list);

Splits a shaped item (PangoGlyphItem) into multiple items based on an attribute list. The idea is that if you have attributes that don't affect shaping, such as color or underline, to avoid affecting shaping, you filter them out (pango_attr_list_filter()), apply the shaping process and then reapply them to the result using this function.

All attributes that start or end inside a cluster are applied to that cluster; for instance, if half of a cluster is underlined and the other-half strikethrough, then the cluster will end up with both underline and strikethrough attributes. In these cases, it may happen that item->extra_attrs for some of the result items can have multiple attributes of the same type.

This function takes ownership of glyph_item; it will be reused as one of the elements in the list.

glyph_item :

a shaped item

text :

text that list applies to

list :

a PangoAttrList

Returns :

a list of glyph items resulting from splitting glyph_item. Free the elements using pango_glyph_item_free(), the list using g_slist_free().

Since 1.2


pango_glyph_item_letter_space ()

void                pango_glyph_item_letter_space       (PangoGlyphItem *glyph_item,
                                                         const char *text,
                                                         PangoLogAttr *log_attrs,
                                                         int letter_spacing);

Adds spacing between the graphemes of glyph_item to give the effect of typographic letter spacing.

glyph_item :

a PangoGlyphItem

text :

text that glyph_item corresponds to (glyph_item->item->offset is an offset from the start of text)

log_attrs :

logical attributes for the item (the first logical attribute refers to the position before the first character in the item)

letter_spacing :

amount of letter spacing to add in Pango units. May be negative, though too large negative values will give ugly results.

Since 1.6


pango_glyph_item_get_logical_widths ()

void                pango_glyph_item_get_logical_widths (PangoGlyphItem *glyph_item,
                                                         const char *text,
                                                         int *logical_widths);

Given a PangoGlyphItem and the corresponding text, determine the screen width corresponding to each character. When multiple characters compose a single cluster, the width of the entire cluster is divided equally among the characters.

See also pango_glyph_string_get_logical_widths().

glyph_item :

a PangoGlyphItem

text :

text that glyph_item corresponds to (glyph_item->item->offset is an offset from the start of text)

logical_widths :

an array whose length is the number of characters in glyph_item (equal to glyph_item->item->num_chars) to be filled in with the resulting character widths.

Since 1.26


PANGO_TYPE_GLYPH_ITEM_ITER

#define PANGO_TYPE_GLYPH_ITEM_ITER (pango_glyph_item_iter_get_type ())

The GObject type for PangoGlyphItemIter.

Since 1.22


pango_glyph_item_iter_copy ()

PangoGlyphItemIter * pango_glyph_item_iter_copy         (PangoGlyphItemIter *orig);

Make a shallow copy of an existing PangoGlyphItemIter structure.

orig :

a PangoGlyphItemIter, may be NULL

Returns :

the newly allocated PangoGlyphItemIter, which should be freed with pango_glyph_item_iter_free(), or NULL if orig was NULL.

Since 1.22


pango_glyph_item_iter_free ()

void                pango_glyph_item_iter_free          (PangoGlyphItemIter *iter);

Frees a PangoGlyphItemIter created by pango_glyph_item_iter_copy().

iter :

a PangoGlyphItemIter, may be NULL

Since 1.22


pango_glyph_item_iter_init_start ()

gboolean            pango_glyph_item_iter_init_start    (PangoGlyphItemIter *iter,
                                                         PangoGlyphItem *glyph_item,
                                                         const char *text);

Initializes a PangoGlyphItemIter structure to point to the first cluster in a glyph item. See PangoGlyphItemIter for details of cluster orders.

iter :

a PangoGlyphItemIter

glyph_item :

the glyph item to iterate over

text :

text corresponding to the glyph item

Returns :

FALSE if there are no clusters in the glyph item

Since 1.22


pango_glyph_item_iter_init_end ()

gboolean            pango_glyph_item_iter_init_end      (PangoGlyphItemIter *iter,
                                                         PangoGlyphItem *glyph_item,
                                                         const char *text);

Initializes a PangoGlyphItemIter structure to point to the last cluster in a glyph item. See PangoGlyphItemIter for details of cluster orders.

iter :

a PangoGlyphItemIter

glyph_item :

the glyph item to iterate over

text :

text corresponding to the glyph item

Returns :

FALSE if there are no clusters in the glyph item

Since 1.22


pango_glyph_item_iter_next_cluster ()

gboolean            pango_glyph_item_iter_next_cluster  (PangoGlyphItemIter *iter);

Advances the iterator to the next cluster in the glyph item. See PangoGlyphItemIter for details of cluster orders.

iter :

a PangoGlyphItemIter

Returns :

TRUE if the iterator was advanced, FALSE if we were already on the last cluster.

Since 1.22


pango_glyph_item_iter_prev_cluster ()

gboolean            pango_glyph_item_iter_prev_cluster  (PangoGlyphItemIter *iter);

Moves the iterator to the preceding cluster in the glyph item. See PangoGlyphItemIter for details of cluster orders.

iter :

a PangoGlyphItemIter

Returns :

TRUE if the iterator was moved, FALSE if we were already on the first cluster.

Since 1.22

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