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niload(8)                                                            niload(8)




NAME

       niload - load text or flat-file-format data into NetInfo


SYNOPSIS

       niload  [ -v ]  [ -d ]  [ -m ]  [ -p ] [ -t ] { -r directory | format }
       domain


DESCRIPTION

       niload loads information from standard input  into  the  given  NetInfo
       domain.   If format is specified, the input is interpreted according to
       the flat-file file format of the same name.   The  allowed  values  for
       format  are  aliases,  bootparams,  bootptab, fstab, group, hosts, net-
       works, passwd, printcap, protocols, rpc, and services.

       If -r directory is specified instead of a flat-file  file  format,  the
       input  is interpreted as "raw" NetInfo data, as generated by nidump -r,
       and loaded into directory.  Note that this operation  will  delete  and
       replace  the  entire  NetInfo  subtree at the specified directory.  Any
       existing records in this subtree will be lost.

       niload overwrites entries in the existing directory with those given in
       the  input.   Entries  that are in the directory aren't deleted if they
       don't exist in the input, unless the -d option  is  specified.   niload
       must  be  run  as  superuser on the master NetInfo server for the given
       domain, unless one specifies the -p option, which  allows  one  to  run
       from anywhere in the network.


OPTIONS

       -v     Verbose.   Prints  details of records as they are updated (flat-
              file formats only).

       -d     Delete entries which are in the directory, but not in the input.

       -m     Merge  properties  and values.  Existing properties will be pre-
              served in the database if they are not  present  in  the  input.
              For  example, if a user record has a "picture" property, loading
              a passwd-format record for this user will preserve the property.
              Property values are also merged.

       -p     Prompt for the root password of the given domain so that one can
              run from other locations in the network besides the master.

       -t     Interpret the domain as a tagged domain.   For  example,  "trot-
              ter/network"  refers  to  the  database  tagged "network" on the
              machine "trotter".  The machine name can be an actual name or an
              IP address.

       -r     Load  entries  in  "raw" format, as generated by nidump -r.  The
              first argument should be the path of a  NetInfo  directory  into
              which  the  information is loaded.  Since the input often speci-
              fies properties (including "name") at  its  topmost  level,  the
              directory  you specify may be renamed as a result of this opera-
              tion.  If the directory you specify does not exist, it  will  be
              created.


SYSTEM USAGE

       Most  processes  on  Mac  OS X access the information from the files in
       /etc and from NetInfo indirectly through the  system  library  and  the
       lookupd  daemon.   In some cases the files in /etc are consulted before
       NetInfo, making it unnecessary to copy  information  from  these  files
       into  NetInfo.   The  files  /etc/hosts,  /etc/networks, /etc/services,
       /etc/protocols, and /etc/rpcs are consulted before NetInfo.

       Additionally, the /etc/exports file is the primary source for NFS  file
       share  configuration.  niload no longer supports loading NFS file share
       information into NetInfo.

       See lookupd(8) for more information.


EXAMPLES

       "niload passwd . < /etc/passwd" loads the local /etc/passwd  file  into
       the local NetInfo database.

       "niload -d -r /locations ."  replaces the contents of /locations in the
       local domain with input given in nidump "raw" format.


SEE ALSO

       lookupd(8),  nidump(8),  niutil(8),   netinfo(5),   aliases(5),   boot-
       params(5),  bootptab(5),  fstab(5),  group(5),  hosts(5),  networks(5),
       passwd(5), printcap(5), protocols(5), rpc(5), services(5)



Apple Computer, Inc.           December 22, 1992                     niload(8)

Mac OS X 10.4 - Generated Fri Apr 29 08:12:34 CDT 2005
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