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groff_me(7)            Miscellaneous Information Manual            groff_me(7)


       groff_me - "me" macro package for formatting roff documents


       groff -me [option ...] [file ...]
       groff -m me [option ...] [file ...]


       The GNU implementation of the me macro package is part of the groff
       document formatting system.  The me package of macro definitions for
       the roff language provides a convenient facility for preparing
       technical papers in various formats.  This version is based on the me
       distributed with 4.4BSD and can be used with the GNU troff formatter as
       well as those descended from AT&T troff.

       Some formatter requests affect page layout unpredictably when used in
       conjunction with this package; however, the following may be used with
       impunity after the first call to a paragraphing macro like lp or pp.
       Some arguments are optional; see groff(7) for details, particularly of
       requests whose argument list is designated with an ellipsis.  An
       asterisk * marks groff extensions.

       ad c       set text adjustment mode to c
       af r f     assign format f to register r
       am m e     append to macro m until e called
       as s t     append rest of line t to string s
       bp n       begin new page numbered n
       br         break output line
       ce n       center next n output lines
       cp n       en-/disable AT&T troff compatibility mode*
       de m e     define macro m until e called
       do t       interpret input t with compatibility mode off*
       ds s t     define rest of line t as string s
       el t       interpret t if corresponding ie false
       fc c d     set field delimiter c and padding glyph d
       fi         enable filling
       hc c       set hyphenation character to c
       hy m       set automatic hyphenation mode to m
       ie p t     as if, but enable interpretation of later el
       if p t     if condition p, interpret rest of line t
       in h       set indentation to distance h
       lc c       set leader repetition glyph to c
       ls n       set line spacing to n
       mc c h     set (right) margin glyph to c at distance h
       mk r       mark vertical position in register r
       na         disable adjustment of text
       ne v       need vertical space of distance v
       nf         disable filling
       nh         disable automatic hyphenation
       nr r n i   assign register r value n with auto-increment i
       ns         begin no-space mode
       pl v       set page length to v
       pn n       set next page number to n
       po h       set page offset to h
       rj n       right-align next n output lines*
       rm m       remove macro, string, or request m
       rn m n     rename macro, string, or request m to n
       rr r       remove register r
       rs         resume spacing (end no-space mode)
       rt v       return to vertical position set by mk, or v
       so f       source (interpolate) input file f
       sp n       insert n lines of vertical space
       ta ...     set tab stops
       tc c       set tab repetition glyph to c
       ti h       set temporary indentation (next line only) to h
       tl ...     output three-part title
       tr ...     translate characters
       ul n       underline next n output lines

       Except on title pages (produced by calling tp), me suppresses the
       output of vertical space at the tops of pages (after the output of any
       page header); the sp request will thus not work there.  You can instead
       call bl or enclose the desired spacing request in a diversion, for
       instance by calling (b and )b.  me also intercepts the ll request; see
       the "me Reference Manual" for details.

   Name space
       Objects in me follow a rigid naming convention.  To avoid conflict, any
       user-defined register, string, or macro names should be single numerals
       or uppercase letters, or any longer sequence of letters and numerals
       with at least one uppercase letter.  (For portability between BSD and
       groff me, limit names to two characters, and avoid the name [ (left
       square bracket).)  The names employed by any preprocessors in use
       should also not be repurposed.


       $0   post-section heading hook
       $1   pre-section depth 1 hook
       $2   pre-section depth 2 hook
       $3   pre-section depth 3 hook
       $4   pre-section depth 4 hook
       $5   pre-section depth 5 hook
       $6   pre-section depth 6 hook
       $C   post-chapter title hook
       $H   page/column heading hook
       $c   output chapter number and title
       $f   output footer
       $h   output header
       $p   output section heading
       $s   output footnote area separator
       (b   begin block
       (c   begin centered block
       (d   begin delayed text
       (f   begin footnote
       (l   begin list
       (q   begin long quotation
       (x   begin index entry
       (z   begin floating keep
       )b   end block
       )c   end centered block
       )d   end delayed text
       )f   end footnote
       )l   end list
       )q   end long quotation
       )x   end index entry
       )z   end floating keep
       ++   set document segment type
       +c   begin chapter
       1c   end multi-column layout
       2c   begin multi-column layout
       EN   end eqn equation
       EQ   begin eqn equation
       GE   end grn picture with drawing position at bottom
       GF   end grn picture with drawing position at top
       GS   start grn picture
       IE   end ideal picture with drawing position at bottom
       IF   end ideal picture with drawing position at top
       IS   start ideal picture
       PE   end pic picture with drawing position at bottom
       PF   end pic picture with drawing position at top
       PS   start pic picture
       TE   end tbl table
       TH   end heading for multi-page tbl table
       TS   start tbl table
       b    embolden argument
       ba   set base indentation
       bc   begin new column
       bi   embolden and italicize argument
       bx   box argument
       ef   set even-numbered page footer
       eh   set even-numbered page header
       ep   end page
       fo   set footer
       he   set header
       hl   draw horizontal line
       hx   suppress next page's headers/footers
       i    italicize argument
       ip   begin indented paragraph
       ld   reset localization and date registers and strings*
       ll   set line length
       lp   begin fully left-aligned paragraph
       np   begin numbered paragraph
       of   set odd-numbered page footer
       oh   set odd-numbered page header
       pd   output delayed text
       pp   begin first-line indented paragraph
       q    quote argument
       r    set argument in roman
       re   reset tab stops
       sh   begin numbered section
       sm   set argument at smaller type size
       sx   change section depth
       sz   set type size and vertical spacing
       tp   begin title page
       u    underline argument
       uh   begin unnumbered section
       xl   set line length (local)
       xp   output index

       Some macros are provided for "old" roff(1) compatibility.  The "me
       Reference Manual" describes alternatives for modern documents.

       ar   use Arabic numerals for page numbers
       bl   insert space (even at page top; cf. sp)
       ix   set indentation without break
       m1   set page top to header distance
       m2   set header to text distance
       m3   set text to footer distance
       m4   set footer to page bottom distance
       n1   begin output line numbering
       n2   end or alter output line numbering
       pa   begin page
       ro   use Roman numerals for page numbers
       sk   skip next page


       $0   section depth
       $1   first section number component
       $2   second section number component
       $3   third section number component
       $4   fourth section number component
       $5   fifth section number component
       $6   sixth section number component
       $c   current column number
       $d   delayed text number
       $f   footnote number
       $i   paragraph base indentation
       $l   column width
       $m   number of available columns
       $p   numbered paragraph number
       $s   column spacing (indentation)
       bi   display (block) indentation
       bm   distance from text area to page bottom
       bs   display (block) pre/post space
       bt   block threshold for keeps
       ch   current chapter number
       df   display font
       dv   vertical spacing of displayed text (as percentage)*
       es   equation pre/post space
       ff   footnote font
       fi   footnote indentation (first line only)
       fm   footer margin
       fp   footnote type size in points
       fs   footnote prespace
       fu   footnote undent (right indentation)
       hm   header margin
       ii   indented paragraph indentation
       no   line numbering offset*
       pf   paragraph font
       pi   paragraph indentation
       po   page offset
       pp   paragraph type size in points
       ps   paragraph prespace
       qi   long quotation left/right indentation
       qp   long quotation type size in points
       qs   long quotation pre/post space
       sf   section title font
       si   section indentation per level of depth
       so   additional section title offset
       sp   section title type size in points
       ss   section prespace
       sx   super/subscript line height increase*
       tf   title font
       tm   distance from page top to text area
       tp   title type size in points
       tv   vertical spacing of text (as percentage)*
       xs   index entry prespace
       xu   index undent (right indentation)
       y2   year of the century*
       y4   year*
       yr   year minus 1900
       zs   floating keep pre/post space


       #    delayed text marker
       $n   concatenated section number
       *    footnote marker
       -    em dash
       <    begin subscripting
       >    end subscripting
       dw   weekday name
       lq   left double quotation mark
       mo   month name
       rq   right double quotation mark
       td   date
       wa   term for "appendix" used by .$c*
       wc   term for "chapter" used by .$c*
       {    begin superscripting
       }    end superscripting


              implements the package.

              implements refer(1) support for me.

              is a wrapper enabling the package to be loaded with "groff -m


       Early roff macro packages often limited their names to a single letter,
       which followed the formatter's m flag letter, resulting in mm, ms, mv,
       mn, and so on.  The "e" in "me" stands for "Eric P. Allman", who wrote
       the macro package and the original technical papers documenting it
       while an undergraduate at the University of California.

See also

       Two manuals are available in source and rendered form.  On your system,
       they may be compressed and/or available in additional formats.

              is "Writing Papers with Groff Using -me", by Eric P. Allman,
              adapted for groff by James Clark.

              is the "me Reference Manual", by Eric P. Allman, adapted for
              groff by James Clark and G. Branden Robinson.

       Groff: The GNU Implementation of troff, by Trent A. Fisher and Werner
       Lemberg, is the primary groff manual.  You can browse it interactively
       with "info groff".

       For preprocessors supported by me, see eqn(1), grn(1), pic(1),
       refer(1), and tbl(1).

       groff(1), troff(1), groff(7)

groff 1.23.0                      2 July 2023                      groff_me(7)

groff 1.23.0 - Generated Fri Dec 22 13:26:48 CST 2023
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