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ftok(3)                  BSD Library Functions Manual                  ftok(3)


NAME

     ftok -- create IPC identifier from path name


LIBRARY

     Standard C Library (libc, -lc)


SYNOPSIS

     #include <sys/ipc.h>

     key_t
     ftok(const char *path, int id);


DESCRIPTION

     The ftok() function attempts to create a unique key suitable for use with
     the semget(2), and shmget(2) functions, given the path of an existing
     file and a user-selectable id.

     The specified path must specify an existing file that is accessible to
     the calling process or the call will fail.  Also, note that links to
     files will return the same key, given the same id.


RETURN VALUES

     The ftok() function will return -1 if path does not exist or if it cannot
     be accessed by the calling process.


LEGACY SYNOPSIS

     #include <sys/types.h>
     #include <sys/ipc.h>

     The include file <sys/types.h> is necessary.


SEE ALSO

     semget(2), shmget(2), compat(5)


HISTORY

     The ftok() function originates with System V and is typically used by
     programs that use the System V IPC routines.


AUTHORS

     Thorsten Lockert <tholo@sigmasoft.com>


BUGS

     The returned key is computed based on the device minor number and inode
     of the specified path, in combination with the lower 8 bits of the given
     id.  Thus, it is quite possible for the routine to return duplicate keys.

BSD                              July 9, 2009                              BSD

Mac OS X 10.8 - Generated Mon Aug 27 18:37:26 CDT 2012
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