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shmget(2)                   BSD System Calls Manual                  shmget(2)


     shmget -- get shared memory area identifier


     #include <sys/shm.h>

     shmget(key_t key, size_t size, int shmflg);


     shmget() returns the shared memory identifier associated with the key

     A shared memory segment is created if either key is equal to IPC_PRIVATE,
     or key does not have a shared memory segment identifier associated with
     it, and the IPC_CREAT bit is set in shmflg.

     If a new shared memory segment is created, the data structure associated
     with it (the shmid_ds structure, see shmctl(2)) is initialized as fol-

     o   shm_perm.cuid and shm_perm.uid are set to the effective uid of the
         calling process.

     o   shm_perm.gid and shm_perm.cgid are set to the effective gid of the
         calling process.

     o   shm_perm.mode is set to the lower 9 bits of shmflg.

     o   shm_lpid, shm_nattch, shm_atime, and shm_dtime are set to 0

     o   shm_ctime is set to the current time.

     o   shm_segsz is set to the value of size.

     o   The ftok(3) function may be used to generate a key from a pathname.


     Upon successful completion a positive shared memory segment identifier is
     returned.  Otherwise, -1 is returned and the global variable errno is set
     to indicate the error.


     The shmget() system call will fail if:

     [EACCES]           A shared memory segment is already associated with key
                        and the caller has no permission to access it.

     [EEXIST]           Both IPC_CREAT and IPC_EXCL are set in shmflg, and a
                        shared memory segment is already associated with key.

     [EINVAL]           No shared memory segment is to be created, and a
                        shared memory segment exists for key, but the size of
                        the segment associated with it is less than size,
                        which is non-zero.

     [ENOENT]           IPC_CREAT was not set in shmflg and no shared memory
                        segment associated with key was found.

     [ENOMEM]           There is not enough memory left to created a shared
                        memory segment of the requested size.

     [ENOSPC]           A new shared memory identifier could not be created
                        because the system limit for the number of shared mem-
                        ory identifiers has been reached.


     #include <sys/types.h>
     #include <sys/ipc.h>
     #include <sys/shm.h>

     shmget(key_t key, int size, int shmflg);

     All of these include files are necessary.  The type of size has changed.


     ftok(3), shmat(2), shmctl(2), shmdt(2), compat(5)

BSD                             August 17, 1995                            BSD

Mac OS X 10.9.1 - Generated Mon Jan 6 16:52:42 CST 2014
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