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ecparam(1)                          OpenSSL                         ecparam(1)


       ecparam - EC parameter manipulation and generation


       openssl ecparam [-inform DER|PEM] [-outform DER|PEM] [-in filename]
       [-out filename] [-noout] [-text] [-C] [-check] [-name arg]
       [-list_curve] [-conv_form arg] [-param_enc arg] [-no_seed] [-rand
       file(s)] [-genkey] [-engine id]


       This command is used to manipulate or generate EC parameter files.


       -inform DER|PEM
           This specifies the input format. The DER option uses an ASN.1 DER
           encoded form compatible with RFC 3279 EcpkParameters. The PEM form
           is the default format: it consists of the DER format base64 encoded
           with additional header and footer lines.

       -outform DER|PEM
           This specifies the output format, the options have the same meaning
           as the -inform option.

       -in filename
           This specifies the input filename to read parameters from or
           standard input if this option is not specified.

       -out filename
           This specifies the output filename parameters to. Standard output
           is used if this option is not present. The output filename should
           not be the same as the input filename.

           This option inhibits the output of the encoded version of the

           This option prints out the EC parameters in human readable form.

       -C  This option converts the EC parameters into C code. The parameters
           can then be loaded by calling the get_ec_group_XXX() function.

           Validate the elliptic curve parameters.

       -name arg
           Use the EC parameters with the specified 'short' name. Use
           -list_curves to get a list of all currently implemented EC

           If this options is specified ecparam will print out a list of all
           currently implemented EC parameters names and exit.

           This specifies how the points on the elliptic curve are converted
           into octet strings. Possible values are: compressed (the default
           value), uncompressed and hybrid. For more information regarding the
           point conversion forms please read the X9.62 standard.  Note Due to
           patent issues the compressed option is disabled by default for
           binary curves and can be enabled by defining the preprocessor macro
           OPENSSL_EC_BIN_PT_COMP at compile time.

       -param_enc arg
           This specifies how the elliptic curve parameters are encoded.
           Possible value are: named_curve, i.e. the ec parameters are
           specified by a OID, or explicit where the ec parameters are
           explicitly given (see RFC 3279 for the definition of the EC
           parameters structures). The default value is named_curve.  Note the
           implicitlyCA alternative ,as specified in RFC 3279, is currently
           not implemented in OpenSSL.

           This option inhibits that the 'seed' for the parameter generation
           is included in the ECParameters structure (see RFC 3279).

           This option will generate a EC private key using the specified

       -rand file(s)
           a file or files containing random data used to seed the random
           number generator, or an EGD socket (see RAND_egd(3)).  Multiple
           files can be specified separated by a OS-dependent character.  The
           separator is ; for MS-Windows, , for OpenVMS, and : for all others.

       -engine id
           specifying an engine (by it's unique id string) will cause req to
           attempt to obtain a functional reference to the specified engine,
           thus initialising it if needed. The engine will then be set as the
           default for all available algorithms.


       PEM format EC parameters use the header and footer lines:

        -----BEGIN EC PARAMETERS-----
        -----END EC PARAMETERS-----

       OpenSSL is currently not able to generate new groups and therefore
       ecparam can only create EC parameters from known (named) curves.


       To create EC parameters with the group 'prime192v1':

         openssl ecparam -out ec_param.pem -name prime192v1

       To create EC parameters with explicit parameters:

         openssl ecparam -out ec_param.pem -name prime192v1 -param_enc explicit

       To validate given EC parameters:

         openssl ecparam -in ec_param.pem -check

       To create EC parameters and a private key:

         openssl ecparam -out ec_key.pem -name prime192v1 -genkey

       To change the point encoding to 'compressed':

         openssl ecparam -in ec_in.pem -out ec_out.pem -conv_form compressed

       To print out the EC parameters to standard output:

         openssl ecparam -in ec_param.pem -noout -text


       ec(1), dsaparam(1)


       The ecparam command was first introduced in OpenSSL 0.9.8.


       Nils Larsch for the OpenSSL project (

0.9.8                             2009-04-03                        ecparam(1)

Mac OS X 10.6 - Generated Thu Sep 17 20:07:31 CDT 2009
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