manpagez: man pages & more
man locate(1)
Home | html | info | man
locate(1)                                                            locate(1)




NAME

       locate - list files in databases that match a pattern


SYNOPSIS

       locate  [-d  path | --database=path] [-e | -E | --[non-]existing] [-i |
       --ignore-case] [-0 | --null] [-c | --count] [-w |  --wholename]  [-b  |
       --basename]  [-l  N  |  --limit=N]  [-S | --statistics] [-r | --regex ]
       [--max-database-age D] [-P | -H | --nofollow] [-L |  --follow]  [--ver-
       sion] [-A | --all] [-p | --print] [--help] pattern...


DESCRIPTION

       This  manual  page documents the GNU version of locate.  For each given
       pattern, locate searches one or more databases of file names  and  dis-
       plays  the  file  names that contain the pattern.  Patterns can contain
       shell-style metacharacters: `*', `?', and `[]'.  The metacharacters  do
       not  treat  `/'  or `.'  specially.  Therefore, a pattern `foo*bar' can
       match a file name that contains `foo3/bar', and a pattern `*duck*'  can
       match  a  file name that contains `lake/.ducky'.  Patterns that contain
       metacharacters should be quoted to protect them from expansion  by  the
       shell.

       If  a  pattern  is  a  plain string -- it contains no metacharacters --
       locate displays all file names in the database that contain that string
       anywhere.   If  a pattern does contain metacharacters, locate only dis-
       plays file names that match the pattern exactly.  As a result, patterns
       that  contain  metacharacters should usually begin with a `*', and will
       most often end with one as well.  The exceptions are patterns that  are
       intended to explicitly match the beginning or end of a file name.

       The  file name databases contain lists of files that were on the system
       when the databases were last updated.   The  system  administrator  can
       choose  the file name of the default database, the frequency with which
       the databases are updated, and the directories for which  they  contain
       entries; see updatedb(1).

       If  locate's  output  is going to a terminal, unusual characters in the
       output are escaped in the same way as for the -print action of the find
       command.   If  the  output  is  not going to a terminal, file names are
       printed exactly as-is.



OPTIONS

       -0, --null
              Use ASCII NUL as a separator, instead of newline.

       -A, --all
              Print only names which match all non-option arguments, not those
              matching one or more non-option arguments.

       -b, --basename
              Results are considered to match if the pattern specified matches
              the final component of the name of a file as listed in the data-
              base.   This final component is usually referred to as the `base
              name'.

       -c, --count
              Instead of printing the matched filenames, just print the  total
              number of matches we found, unless --print (-p) is also present.

       -d path, --database=path
              Instead of searching the default file name database, search  the
              file  name databases in path, which is a colon-separated list of
              database file names.  You can also use the environment  variable
              LOCATE_PATH  to  set  the list of database files to search.  The
              option overrides the environment  variable  if  both  are  used.
              Empty elements in the path are taken to be synonyms for the file
              name of the default database.  A database  can  be  supplied  on
              stdin, using `-' as an element of path. If more than one element
              of path is `-', later instances are ignored (and a warning  mes-
              sage is printed).

              The file name database format changed starting with GNU find and
              locate version 4.0 to allow machines with different byte  order-
              ings  to  share the databases.  This version of locate can auto-
              matically recognize and read databases produced for  older  ver-
              sions of GNU locate or Unix versions of locate or find.  Support
              for the old locate database format will  be  discontinued  in  a
              future release.

       -e, --existing
              Only  print out such names that currently exist (instead of such
              names that existed when the database was  created).   Note  that
              this  may slow down the program a lot, if there are many matches
              in the database.  If you are using this option within a program,
              please note that it is possible for the file to be deleted after
              locate has checked that it exists, but before you use it.

       -E, --non-existing
              Only print out such names that currently do not  exist  (instead
              of such names that existed when the database was created).  Note
              that this may slow down the program a lot,  if  there  are  many
              matches in the database.

       --help Print a summary of the options to locate and exit.

       -i, --ignore-case
              Ignore case distinctions in both the pattern and the file names.

       -l N, --limit=N
              Limit the number of matches to N.  If a limit is  set  via  this
              option,  the  number  of  results printed for the -c option will
              never be larger than this number.

       -L, --follow
              If testing for the  existence  of  files  (with  the  -e  or  -E
              options),  consider  broken  symbolic  links to be non-existing.
              This is the default.

       --max-database-age D
              Normally, locate will issue a warning message when it searches a
              database  which  is  more  than 8 days old.  This option changes
              that value to something other than 8.  The effect of  specifying
              a negative value is undefined.

       -m, --mmap
              Accepted but does nothing, for compatibility with BSD locate.

       -P, -H, --nofollow
              If  testing  for  the  existence  of  files  (with  the -e or -E
              options), treat broken symbolic links as if they  were  existing
              files.   The -H form of this option is provided purely for simi-
              larity with find; the use of -P is recommended over -H.

       -p, --print
              Print search results when they normally would  not,  because  of
              the presence of --statistics (-S) or --count (-c).

       -r, --regex
              The  pattern specified on the command line is understood to be a
              regular expression, as opposed to a glob pattern.   The  Regular
              expressions  work  in  the same was as in emacs and find, except
              for the fact that "." will match  a  newline.   Filenames  whose
              full  paths  match  the specified regular expression are printed
              (or, in the case of the -c option, counted).   If  you  wish  to
              anchor  your  regular  expression  at  the ends of the full path
              name, then as is usual with regular expressions, you should  use
              the characters ^ and $ to signify this.

       -s, --stdio
              Accepted but does nothing, for compatibility with BSD locate.

       -S, --statistics
              Print  various  statistics  about  each locate database and then
              exit without performing a search,  unless  non-option  arguments
              are given.  For compatibility with BSD, -S is accepted as a syn-
              onym for --statistics.  However, the output of locate -S is dif-
              ferent for the GNU and BSD implementations of locate.

       --version
              Print the version number of locate and exit.

       -w, --wholename
              Match  against the whole name of the file as listed in the data-
              base.  This is the default.


ENVIRONMENT

       LOCATE_PATH
              Colon-separated list of databases to search.  If the value has a
              leading  or  trailing colon, or has two colons in a row, you may
              get results that vary between different versions of locate.



SEE ALSO

       find(1), locatedb(5), updatedb(1), xargs(1), glob(3)

       The full documentation for locate is maintained as  a  Texinfo  manual.
       If  the  info  and locate programs are properly installed at your site,
       the command info locate should give you access to the complete  manual.




HISTORY

       The  locate program started life as the BSD fast find program, contrib-
       uted to BSD by James A. Woods.  This was described by his paper Finding
       Files  Fast  which was published in Usenix ;login:, Vol 8, No 1, Febru-
       ary/March, 1983, pp. 8-10.   When the find program began  to  assume  a
       default  -print  action  if  no  action was specified, this changed the
       interpretation of find pattern.  The BSD developers therefore moved the
       fast  find functionality into locate.  The GNU implementation of locate
       appears to be derived from the same code.

       Significant changes to locate in reverse order:

       4.3.7     Byte-order independent support for old database format
       4.3.3     locate -i supports multi-byte characters correctly
                 Introduced --max_db_age
       4.3.2     Support for the slocate database format
       4.2.22    Introduced the --all option
       4.2.15    Introduced the --regex option
       4.2.14    Introduced options -L, -P, -H
       4.2.12    Empty items in LOCATE_PATH now indicate the default database
       4.2.11    Introduced the --statistics option
       4.2.4     Introduced --count and --limit
       4.2.0     Glob characters cause matching against the whole file name
       4.0       Introduced the LOCATE02 database format
       3.7       Locate can search multiple databases


BUGS

       The locate database correctly handles  filenames  containing  newlines,
       but  only if the system's sort command has a working -z option.  If you
       suspect that locate may need to return filenames  containing  newlines,
       consider using its --null option.

       The  best  way  to  report  a  bug  is to use the form at http://savan-
       nah.gnu.org/bugs/?group=findutils.  The reason for  this  is  that  you
       will then be able to track progress in fixing the problem.   Other com-
       ments about locate(1) and about the findutils package in general can be
       sent  to  the bug-findutils mailing list.  To join the list, send email
       to bug-findutils-request@gnu.org.



                                                                     locate(1)

findutils 4.6.0 - Generated Sun Jan 31 18:00:57 CST 2016
© manpagez.com 2000-2017
Individual documents may contain additional copyright information.