heap(1) BSD General Commands Manual heap(1)
heap -- List all the malloc-allocated buffers in the process's heap
heap [-guessNonObjects] [-sumObjectFields] [-showSizes] [-addresses all | <classes-pattern>] [-noContent] pid | partial-executable-name
heap lists the objects currently allocated on the heap of the specified process, as well as summary data. Objects are categorized by class name, type (Objective-C, C++, or CFType), and binary image. C++ objects are identified by the vtable referenced from the start of the object, so with multiple inheritance this may not give the precise class of the object. The binary image identified for a class is the image which implements the class, not necessarily the binary image which caused the objects to be allocated at runtime, or which "owns" those objects. heap requires one parameter -- either a process ID or a full or partial executable name. The following options are available: -guessNonObjects Look through the memory contents of each Objective-C object to find pointers to malloc'ed blocks (non-objects), such as the variable array hanging from an NSArray. These referenced blocks of memory are identified as their offset from the start of the object (say "__NSCFArray"). The count, number of bytes, and average size of memory blocks referenced from each different object offset location are listed in the output. -sumObjectFields Do the same analysis as with the -guessNonObjects option, but add the sizes of those referenced non-object fields into the entries for the corresponding objects. -showSizes Show the distribution of each malloc size for each object, instead of summing and averaging the sizes in a single entry. -addresses all | <classes-pattern> Print the addresses of all malloc blocks found on the heap in ascending address order, or the addresses of those objects whose full class name is matched by the regular expression <classes- pattern>. The string "all" indicates that the addresses of all blocks (both objects and non-objects) should be printed. The <classes-pattern> regular expression is interpreted as an extended (modern) regular expression as described by the re_for- mat(7) manual page. Note that toll-freed-bridged CoreFoundation and Foundation classes have the "__NSCF" prefix rather than just "NS" or "CF". Examples of valid classes-patterns include: __NSCFString 'NS.*' '__NSCFString|__NSCFArray' '.*(String|Array)' non-object -noContent Do not show object content in -addresses mode.
malloc(3), leaks(1), malloc_history(1), stringdups(1), vmmap(1), DevToolsSecurity(1) The Xcode developer tools also include Instruments, a graphical applica- tion that can give information similar to that provided by heap. The Allocations instrument graphically displays dynamic, real-time informa- tion about the object and memory use in an application, including back- traces of where the allocations occurred. The Leaks instrument performs memory leak analysis. BSD Mar. 16, 2013 BSD
Mac OS X 10.9 - Generated Sat Oct 12 13:11:13 CDT 2013