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PIN Callbacks

PIN Callbacks — PIN Callbacks

Types and Values

Description

Applications can register a callback which will be called to provide a password associated with a given pin source.

PKCS#11 URIs can contain a 'pin-source' attribute. The value of this attribute is application dependent, but often references a file containing a PIN to use.

Using these functions, an applications or libraries can register a callback with p11_kit_pin_register_callback() to be called when a given 'pin-source' attribute value is requested. The application can then prompt the user or retrieve a PIN for the given context. These registered callbacks are only relevant and valid within the current process.

A fallback callback can be registered by passing the P11_KIT_PIN_FALLBACK value to p11_kit_pin_register_callback(). This fallback callback will be called for every 'pin-source' attribute request for which no callback has been directly registered.

To request a PIN for a given 'pin-source' attribute, use the p11_kit_pin_request() function. If this function returns NULL then either no callbacks were registered or none of them could handle the request.

If multiple callbacks are registered for the same PIN source, then they are called in last-registered-first-called order. They are called in turn until one of them can handle the request. Fallback callbacks are not called if a callback was registered specifically for a requested 'pin-source' attribute.

PINs themselves are handled inside of P11KitPin structures. These are thread safe and allow the callback to specify how the PIN is stored in memory and freed. A callback can use p11_kit_pin_new_for_string() or related functions to create a PIN to be returned.

For example in order to handle the following PKCS#11 URI with a 'pin-source' attribute


     pkcs11:id=%69%95%3e%5c%f4%bd%ec%91;pin-source=my-application

an application could register a callback like this:

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static P11KitPin*
my_application_pin_callback (const char *pin_source, P11KitUri *pin_uri,
                             const char *pin_description, P11KitPinFlags pin_flags,
                             void *callback_data)
{
    return p11_kit_pin_new_from_string ("pin-value");
}

p11_kit_pin_register_callback ("my-application", my_application_pin_callback,
                               NULL, NULL);

Functions

p11_kit_pin_new ()

P11KitPin *
p11_kit_pin_new (const unsigned char *value,
                 size_t length);

Create a new P11KitPin with the given PIN value. This function is usually used from within registered PIN callbacks.

Exactly length bytes from value are used. Null terminated strings, or encodings are not considered. A copy of the value will be made.

Parameters

value

the value of the PIN

 

length

the length of value

 

Returns

The newly allocated P11KitPin, which should be freed with p11_kit_pin_unref() when no longer needed.


p11_kit_pin_new_for_buffer ()

P11KitPin *
p11_kit_pin_new_for_buffer (unsigned char *buffer,
                            size_t length,
                            p11_kit_pin_destroy_func destroy);

Create a new P11KitPin which will use buffer for the PIN value. This function is usually used from within registered PIN callbacks.

The buffer will not be copied. String encodings and null characters are not considered.

When the last reference to this PIN is lost, then the destroy callback function will be called passing buffer as an argument. This allows the caller to use a buffer as a PIN without copying it.

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char *buffer = malloc (128);
P11KitPin *pin;
 ....
pin = p11_kit_pin_new_for_buffer (buffer, 128, free);

Parameters

buffer

the value of the PIN

 

length

the length of buffer

 

destroy

if not NULL, then called when PIN is destroyed.

 

Returns

The newly allocated P11KitPin, which should be freed with p11_kit_pin_unref() when no longer needed.


p11_kit_pin_new_for_string ()

P11KitPin *
p11_kit_pin_new_for_string (const char *value);

Create a new P11KitPin for the given null-terminated string, such as a password. This function is usually used from within registered PIN callbacks.

The PIN will consist of the string not including the null terminator. String encoding is not considered. A copy of the value will be made.

Parameters

value

the value of the PIN

 

Returns

The newly allocated P11KitPin, which should be freed with p11_kit_pin_unref() when no longer needed.


p11_kit_pin_get_value ()

const unsigned char *
p11_kit_pin_get_value (P11KitPin *pin,
                       size_t *length);

Get the PIN value from a P11KitPin. length will be set to the length of the value.

The value returned is owned by the P11KitPin and should not be modified. It remains valid as long as a reference to the PIN is held. The PIN value will not contain an extra null-terminator character.

Parameters

pin

the P11KitPin

 

length

a location to return the value length

 

Returns

the value for the PIN.


p11_kit_pin_get_length ()

size_t
p11_kit_pin_get_length (P11KitPin *pin);

Get the length of the PIN value from a P11KitPin.

Parameters

pin

the P11KitPin

 

Returns

the length of the PIN value.


p11_kit_pin_ref ()

P11KitPin *
p11_kit_pin_ref (P11KitPin *pin);

Add a reference to a P11KitPin. This should be matched with a later call to p11_kit_pin_unref(). As long as at least one reference is held, the PIN will remain valid and in memory.

Parameters

pin

the P11KitPin

 

Returns

the pin pointer, for convenience sake.


p11_kit_pin_unref ()

void
p11_kit_pin_unref (P11KitPin *pin);

Remove a reference from a P11KitPin. When all references have been removed then the PIN will be freed and will no longer be in memory.

Parameters

pin

the P11KitPin

 

p11_kit_pin_register_callback ()

int
p11_kit_pin_register_callback (const char *pin_source,
                               p11_kit_pin_callback callback,
                               void *callback_data,
                               p11_kit_pin_destroy_func callback_destroy);

Register a callback to handle PIN requests for a given 'pin-source' attribute. If pin_source is set to P11_KIT_PIN_FALLBACK then this will be a fallback callback and will be called for requests for which no other callback has been specifically registered.

If multiple callbacks are registered for the same pin_source value, then the last registered callback will be the first to be called.

Parameters

pin_source

the 'pin-source' attribute this this callback is for

 

callback

the callback function

 

callback_data

data that will be passed to the callback

 

callback_destroy

a function that will be called with callback_data when the callback is unregistered.

 

Returns

Returns negative if registering fails.


p11_kit_pin_unregister_callback ()

void
p11_kit_pin_unregister_callback (const char *pin_source,
                                 p11_kit_pin_callback callback,
                                 void *callback_data);

Unregister a callback that was previously registered with the p11_kit_pin_register_callback() function. If more than one registered callback matches the given arguments, then only one of those will be removed.

Parameters

pin_source

the 'pin-source' attribute the callback was registered for

 

callback

the callback function that was registered

 

callback_data

data that was registered for the callback

 

p11_kit_pin_callback ()

P11KitPin *
(*p11_kit_pin_callback) (const char *pin_source,
                         P11KitUri *pin_uri,
                         const char *pin_description,
                         P11KitPinFlags pin_flags,
                         void *callback_data);

Represents a PIN callback function.

The various arguments are the same as the ones passed to p11_kit_pin_request(). The callback_data argument was the one passed to p11_kit_pin_register_callback() when registering this callback.

The function should return NULL if it could not provide a PIN, either because of an error or a user cancellation.

If a PIN is returned, it will be unreferenced by the caller. So it should be either newly allocated, or referenced before returning.

Parameters

pin_source

a 'pin-source' attribute string

 

pin_uri

a PKCS#11 URI that the PIN is for, or NULL

 

pin_description

a descrption of what the PIN is for

 

pin_flags

flags describing the PIN request

 

callback_data

data that was provided when registering this callback

 

Returns

A PIN or NULL


p11_kit_pin_request ()

P11KitPin *
p11_kit_pin_request (const char *pin_source,
                     P11KitUri *pin_uri,
                     const char *pin_description,
                     P11KitPinFlags pin_flags);

Request a PIN for a given 'pin-source' attribute. The result depends on the registered callbacks.

If not NULL, then the pin_uri attribute should point to the thing that the PIN is being requested for. In most use cases this should be a PKCS#11 URI pointing to a token.

The pin_description should always be specified. It is a string describing what the PIN is for. For example this would be the token label, if the PIN is for a token.

If more than one callback is registered for the pin_source , then the latest registered one will be called first. If that callback does not return a PIN, then the next will be called in turn.

If no callback is registered for pin_source , then the fallback callbacks will be invoked in the same way. The fallback callbacks will not be called if any callback has been registered specifically for pin_source .

The PIN returned should be released with p11_kit_pin_unref().

Parameters

pin_source

the 'pin-source' attribute that is being requested

 

pin_uri

a PKCS#11 URI that the PIN is being requested for, optionally NULL.

 

pin_description

a description of what the PIN is for, must not be NULL.

 

pin_flags

various flags for this request

 

Returns

the PIN which should be released with p11_kit_pin_unref(), or NULL if no callback was registered or could proivde a PIN


p11_kit_pin_destroy_func ()

void
(*p11_kit_pin_destroy_func) (void *data);

A function called to free or cleanup data .

Parameters

data

the data to destroy

 

p11_kit_pin_file_callback ()

P11KitPin *
p11_kit_pin_file_callback (const char *pin_source,
                           P11KitUri *pin_uri,
                           const char *pin_description,
                           P11KitPinFlags pin_flags,
                           void *callback_data);

This is a PIN callback function that looks up the 'pin-source' attribute in a file with that name. This can be used to enable the normal PKCS#11 URI behavior described in the RFC.

If pin_flags contains the P11_KIT_PIN_FLAGS_RETRY flag, then this callback will always return NULL. This is to prevent endless loops where an application is expecting to interact with a prompter, but instead is interacting with this callback reading a file over and over.

This callback fails on files larger than 4 Kilobytes.

This callback is not registered by default. It may have security implications depending on the source of the PKCS#11 URI and the PKCS#11 in use. To register it, use code like the following:

Parameters

pin_source

a 'pin-source' attribute string

 

pin_uri

a PKCS#11 URI that the PIN is for, or NULL

 

pin_description

a descrption of what the PIN is for

 

pin_flags

flags describing the PIN request

 

callback_data

unused, should be NULL

 

Returns

a referenced PIN with the file contents, or NULL if the file could not be read

Types and Values

P11KitPin

typedef struct p11_kit_pin P11KitPin;

A structure representing a PKCS#11 PIN. There are no public fields visible in this structure. Use the various accessor functions.


enum P11KitPinFlags

Flags that are passed to p11_kit_pin_request() and registered callbacks.

Members

P11_KIT_PIN_FLAGS_USER_LOGIN

The PIN is for a PKCS#11 user type login.

 

P11_KIT_PIN_FLAGS_SO_LOGIN

The PIN is for a PKCS#11 security officer type login.

 

P11_KIT_PIN_FLAGS_CONTEXT_LOGIN

The PIN is for a PKCS#11 contect specific type login.

 

P11_KIT_PIN_FLAGS_RETRY

The PIN is being requested again, due to an invalid previous PIN.

 

P11_KIT_PIN_FLAGS_MANY_TRIES

The PIN has failed too many times, and few tries are left.

 

P11_KIT_PIN_FLAGS_FINAL_TRY

The PIN has failed too many times, and this is the last try.

 

P11_KIT_PIN_FALLBACK

#define P11_KIT_PIN_FALLBACK ""

Used with p11_kit_pin_register_callback() to register a fallback callback. This callback will be called if no other callback is registered for a 'pin-source'.

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