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GtkSpinButton

GtkSpinButton — Retrieve an integer or floating-point number from the user

Synopsis


#include <gtk/gtk.h>

                    GtkSpinButton;
enum                GtkSpinButtonUpdatePolicy;
enum                GtkSpinType;
void                gtk_spin_button_configure           (GtkSpinButton *spin_button,
                                                         GtkAdjustment *adjustment,
                                                         gdouble climb_rate,
                                                         guint digits);
GtkWidget*          gtk_spin_button_new                 (GtkAdjustment *adjustment,
                                                         gdouble climb_rate,
                                                         guint digits);
GtkWidget*          gtk_spin_button_new_with_range      (gdouble min,
                                                         gdouble max,
                                                         gdouble step);
void                gtk_spin_button_set_adjustment      (GtkSpinButton *spin_button,
                                                         GtkAdjustment *adjustment);
GtkAdjustment*      gtk_spin_button_get_adjustment      (GtkSpinButton *spin_button);
void                gtk_spin_button_set_digits          (GtkSpinButton *spin_button,
                                                         guint digits);
void                gtk_spin_button_set_increments      (GtkSpinButton *spin_button,
                                                         gdouble step,
                                                         gdouble page);
void                gtk_spin_button_set_range           (GtkSpinButton *spin_button,
                                                         gdouble min,
                                                         gdouble max);
#define             gtk_spin_button_get_value_as_float
gint                gtk_spin_button_get_value_as_int    (GtkSpinButton *spin_button);
void                gtk_spin_button_set_value           (GtkSpinButton *spin_button,
                                                         gdouble value);
void                gtk_spin_button_set_update_policy   (GtkSpinButton *spin_button,
                                                         GtkSpinButtonUpdatePolicy policy);
void                gtk_spin_button_set_numeric         (GtkSpinButton *spin_button,
                                                         gboolean numeric);
void                gtk_spin_button_spin                (GtkSpinButton *spin_button,
                                                         GtkSpinType direction,
                                                         gdouble increment);
void                gtk_spin_button_set_wrap            (GtkSpinButton *spin_button,
                                                         gboolean wrap);
void                gtk_spin_button_set_snap_to_ticks   (GtkSpinButton *spin_button,
                                                         gboolean snap_to_ticks);
void                gtk_spin_button_update              (GtkSpinButton *spin_button);
guint               gtk_spin_button_get_digits          (GtkSpinButton *spin_button);
void                gtk_spin_button_get_increments      (GtkSpinButton *spin_button,
                                                         gdouble *step,
                                                         gdouble *page);
gboolean            gtk_spin_button_get_numeric         (GtkSpinButton *spin_button);
void                gtk_spin_button_get_range           (GtkSpinButton *spin_button,
                                                         gdouble *min,
                                                         gdouble *max);
gboolean            gtk_spin_button_get_snap_to_ticks   (GtkSpinButton *spin_button);
GtkSpinButtonUpdatePolicy  gtk_spin_button_get_update_policy
                                                        (GtkSpinButton *spin_button);
gdouble             gtk_spin_button_get_value           (GtkSpinButton *spin_button);
gboolean            gtk_spin_button_get_wrap            (GtkSpinButton *spin_button);
#define             GTK_INPUT_ERROR

Object Hierarchy

  GObject
   +----GInitiallyUnowned
         +----GtkObject
               +----GtkWidget
                     +----GtkEntry
                           +----GtkSpinButton

Implemented Interfaces

GtkSpinButton implements AtkImplementorIface, GtkBuildable, GtkCellEditable and GtkEditable.

Properties

  "adjustment"               GtkAdjustment*        : Read / Write
  "climb-rate"               gdouble               : Read / Write
  "digits"                   guint                 : Read / Write
  "numeric"                  gboolean              : Read / Write
  "snap-to-ticks"            gboolean              : Read / Write
  "update-policy"            GtkSpinButtonUpdatePolicy  : Read / Write
  "value"                    gdouble               : Read / Write
  "wrap"                     gboolean              : Read / Write

Style Properties

  "shadow-type"              GtkShadowType         : Read

Signals

  "change-value"                                   : Run Last / Action
  "input"                                          : Run Last
  "output"                                         : Run Last
  "value-changed"                                  : Run Last
  "wrapped"                                        : Run Last

Description

A GtkSpinButton is an ideal way to allow the user to set the value of some attribute. Rather than having to directly type a number into a GtkEntry, GtkSpinButton allows the user to click on one of two arrows to increment or decrement the displayed value. A value can still be typed in, with the bonus that it can be checked to ensure it is in a given range.

The main properties of a GtkSpinButton are through a GtkAdjustment. See the GtkAdjustment section for more details about an adjustment's properties.

Example 16. Using a GtkSpinButton to get an integer.

/* Provides a function to retrieve an integer value from a GtkSpinButton
 * and creates a spin button to model percentage values.
 */
gint grab_int_value (GtkSpinButton *a_spinner, gpointer user_data) {
   return gtk_spin_button_get_value_as_int (a_spinner);
}
void create_integer_spin_button (void) {
   GtkWidget *window, *spinner;
   GtkAdjustment *spinner_adj;
   spinner_adj = (GtkAdjustment *) gtk_adjustment_new (50.0, 0.0, 100.0, 1.0, 5.0, 5.0);
   window = gtk_window_new (GTK_WINDOW_TOPLEVEL);
   gtk_container_set_border_width (GTK_CONTAINER (window), 5);
   /* creates the spinner, with no decimal places */
   spinner = gtk_spin_button_new (spinner_adj, 1.0, 0);
   gtk_container_add (GTK_CONTAINER (window), spinner);
   gtk_widget_show_all (window);
   return;
}


Example 17. Using a GtkSpinButton to get a floating point value.

/* Provides a function to retrieve a floating point value from a
 * GtkSpinButton, and creates a high precision spin button.
 */
gfloat grab_int_value (GtkSpinButton *a_spinner, gpointer user_data) {
   return gtk_spin_button_get_value (a_spinner);
}
void create_floating_spin_button (void) {
   GtkWidget *window, *spinner;
   GtkAdjustment *spinner_adj;
   spinner_adj = (GtkAdjustment *) gtk_adjustment_new (2.500, 0.0, 5.0, 0.001, 0.1, 0.1);
   window = gtk_window_new (GTK_WINDOW_TOPLEVEL);
   gtk_container_set_border_width (GTK_CONTAINER (window), 5);
   /* creates the spinner, with three decimal places */
   spinner = gtk_spin_button_new (spinner_adj, 0.001, 3);
   gtk_container_add (GTK_CONTAINER (window), spinner);
   gtk_widget_show_all (window);
   return;
}


Details

GtkSpinButton

typedef struct _GtkSpinButton GtkSpinButton;

entry is the GtkEntry part of the GtkSpinButton widget, and can be used accordingly. All other fields contain private data and should only be modified using the functions below.


enum GtkSpinButtonUpdatePolicy

typedef enum
{
  GTK_UPDATE_ALWAYS,
  GTK_UPDATE_IF_VALID
} GtkSpinButtonUpdatePolicy;

GTK_UPDATE_ALWAYS When refreshing your GtkSpinButton, the value is always displayed.
GTK_UPDATE_IF_VALID When refreshing your GtkSpinButton, the value is only displayed if it is valid within the bounds of the spin button's GtkAdjustment.


enum GtkSpinType

typedef enum
{
  GTK_SPIN_STEP_FORWARD,
  GTK_SPIN_STEP_BACKWARD,
  GTK_SPIN_PAGE_FORWARD,
  GTK_SPIN_PAGE_BACKWARD,
  GTK_SPIN_HOME,
  GTK_SPIN_END,
  GTK_SPIN_USER_DEFINED
} GtkSpinType;

GTK_SPIN_STEP_FORWARD, GTK_SPIN_STEP_BACKWARD, GTK_SPIN_PAGE_FORWARD, GTK_SPIN_PAGE_BACKWARD These values spin a GtkSpinButton by the relevant values of the spin button's GtkAdjustment.
GTK_SPIN_HOME, GTK_SPIN_END These set the spin button's value to the minimum or maxmimum possible values, (set by its GtkAdjustment), respectively.
GTK_SPIN_USER_DEFINED The programmer must specify the exact amount to spin the GtkSpinButton.


gtk_spin_button_configure ()

void                gtk_spin_button_configure           (GtkSpinButton *spin_button,
                                                         GtkAdjustment *adjustment,
                                                         gdouble climb_rate,
                                                         guint digits);

Changes the properties of an existing spin button. The adjustment, climb rate, and number of decimal places are all changed accordingly, after this function call.

spin_button :

a GtkSpinButton.

adjustment :

a GtkAdjustment.

climb_rate :

the new climb rate.

digits :

the number of decimal places to display in the spin button.

gtk_spin_button_new ()

GtkWidget*          gtk_spin_button_new                 (GtkAdjustment *adjustment,
                                                         gdouble climb_rate,
                                                         guint digits);

Creates a new GtkSpinButton.

adjustment :

the GtkAdjustment object that this spin button should use.

climb_rate :

specifies how much the spin button changes when an arrow is clicked on.

digits :

the number of decimal places to display.

Returns :

The new spin button as a GtkWidget.

gtk_spin_button_new_with_range ()

GtkWidget*          gtk_spin_button_new_with_range      (gdouble min,
                                                         gdouble max,
                                                         gdouble step);

This is a convenience constructor that allows creation of a numeric GtkSpinButton without manually creating an adjustment. The value is initially set to the minimum value and a page increment of 10 * step is the default. The precision of the spin button is equivalent to the precision of step.

Note that the way in which the precision is derived works best if step is a power of ten. If the resulting precision is not suitable for your needs, use gtk_spin_button_set_digits() to correct it.

min :

Minimum allowable value

max :

Maximum allowable value

step :

Increment added or subtracted by spinning the widget

Returns :

The new spin button as a GtkWidget.

gtk_spin_button_set_adjustment ()

void                gtk_spin_button_set_adjustment      (GtkSpinButton *spin_button,
                                                         GtkAdjustment *adjustment);

Replaces the GtkAdjustment associated with spin_button.

spin_button :

a GtkSpinButton

adjustment :

a GtkAdjustment to replace the existing adjustment

gtk_spin_button_get_adjustment ()

GtkAdjustment*      gtk_spin_button_get_adjustment      (GtkSpinButton *spin_button);

Get the adjustment associated with a GtkSpinButton

spin_button :

a GtkSpinButton

Returns :

the GtkAdjustment of spin_button

gtk_spin_button_set_digits ()

void                gtk_spin_button_set_digits          (GtkSpinButton *spin_button,
                                                         guint digits);

Set the precision to be displayed by spin_button. Up to 20 digit precision is allowed.

spin_button :

a GtkSpinButton

digits :

the number of digits after the decimal point to be displayed for the spin button's value

gtk_spin_button_set_increments ()

void                gtk_spin_button_set_increments      (GtkSpinButton *spin_button,
                                                         gdouble step,
                                                         gdouble page);

Sets the step and page increments for spin_button. This affects how quickly the value changes when the spin button's arrows are activated.

spin_button :

a GtkSpinButton

step :

increment applied for a button 1 press.

page :

increment applied for a button 2 press.

gtk_spin_button_set_range ()

void                gtk_spin_button_set_range           (GtkSpinButton *spin_button,
                                                         gdouble min,
                                                         gdouble max);

Sets the minimum and maximum allowable values for spin_button

spin_button :

a GtkSpinButton

min :

minimum allowable value

max :

maximum allowable value

gtk_spin_button_get_value_as_float

#define gtk_spin_button_get_value_as_float gtk_spin_button_get_value

Warning

gtk_spin_button_get_value_as_float is deprecated and should not be used in newly-written code. Use gtk_spin_button_get_value() instead.

Gets the value in the spin_button.

Returns :

the value of spin_button

gtk_spin_button_get_value_as_int ()

gint                gtk_spin_button_get_value_as_int    (GtkSpinButton *spin_button);

Get the value spin_button represented as an integer.

spin_button :

a GtkSpinButton

Returns :

the value of spin_button

gtk_spin_button_set_value ()

void                gtk_spin_button_set_value           (GtkSpinButton *spin_button,
                                                         gdouble value);

Set the value of spin_button.

spin_button :

a GtkSpinButton

value :

the new value

gtk_spin_button_set_update_policy ()

void                gtk_spin_button_set_update_policy   (GtkSpinButton *spin_button,
                                                         GtkSpinButtonUpdatePolicy policy);

Sets the update behavior of a spin button. This determines whether the spin button is always updated or only when a valid value is set.

spin_button :

a GtkSpinButton

policy :

a GtkSpinButtonUpdatePolicy value

gtk_spin_button_set_numeric ()

void                gtk_spin_button_set_numeric         (GtkSpinButton *spin_button,
                                                         gboolean numeric);

Sets the flag that determines if non-numeric text can be typed into the spin button.

spin_button :

a GtkSpinButton

numeric :

flag indicating if only numeric entry is allowed.

gtk_spin_button_spin ()

void                gtk_spin_button_spin                (GtkSpinButton *spin_button,
                                                         GtkSpinType direction,
                                                         gdouble increment);

Increment or decrement a spin button's value in a specified direction by a specified amount.

spin_button :

a GtkSpinButton

direction :

a GtkSpinType indicating the direction to spin.

increment :

step increment to apply in the specified direction.

gtk_spin_button_set_wrap ()

void                gtk_spin_button_set_wrap            (GtkSpinButton *spin_button,
                                                         gboolean wrap);

Sets the flag that determines if a spin button value wraps around to the opposite limit when the upper or lower limit of the range is exceeded.

spin_button :

a GtkSpinButton

wrap :

a flag indicating if wrapping behavior is performed.

gtk_spin_button_set_snap_to_ticks ()

void                gtk_spin_button_set_snap_to_ticks   (GtkSpinButton *spin_button,
                                                         gboolean snap_to_ticks);

Sets the policy as to whether values are corrected to the nearest step increment when a spin button is activated after providing an invalid value.

spin_button :

a GtkSpinButton

snap_to_ticks :

a flag indicating if invalid values should be corrected.

gtk_spin_button_update ()

void                gtk_spin_button_update              (GtkSpinButton *spin_button);

Manually force an update of the spin button.

spin_button :

a GtkSpinButton

gtk_spin_button_get_digits ()

guint               gtk_spin_button_get_digits          (GtkSpinButton *spin_button);

Fetches the precision of spin_button. See gtk_spin_button_set_digits().

spin_button :

a GtkSpinButton

Returns :

the current precision

gtk_spin_button_get_increments ()

void                gtk_spin_button_get_increments      (GtkSpinButton *spin_button,
                                                         gdouble *step,
                                                         gdouble *page);

Gets the current step and page the increments used by spin_button. See gtk_spin_button_set_increments().

spin_button :

a GtkSpinButton

step :

location to store step increment, or NULL

page :

location to store page increment, or NULL

gtk_spin_button_get_numeric ()

gboolean            gtk_spin_button_get_numeric         (GtkSpinButton *spin_button);

Returns whether non-numeric text can be typed into the spin button. See gtk_spin_button_set_numeric().

spin_button :

a GtkSpinButton

Returns :

TRUE if only numeric text can be entered

gtk_spin_button_get_range ()

void                gtk_spin_button_get_range           (GtkSpinButton *spin_button,
                                                         gdouble *min,
                                                         gdouble *max);

Gets the range allowed for spin_button. See gtk_spin_button_set_range().

spin_button :

a GtkSpinButton

min :

location to store minimum allowed value, or NULL

max :

location to store maximum allowed value, or NULL

gtk_spin_button_get_snap_to_ticks ()

gboolean            gtk_spin_button_get_snap_to_ticks   (GtkSpinButton *spin_button);

Returns whether the values are corrected to the nearest step. See gtk_spin_button_set_snap_to_ticks().

spin_button :

a GtkSpinButton

Returns :

TRUE if values are snapped to the nearest step.

gtk_spin_button_get_update_policy ()

GtkSpinButtonUpdatePolicy  gtk_spin_button_get_update_policy
                                                        (GtkSpinButton *spin_button);

Gets the update behavior of a spin button. See gtk_spin_button_set_update_policy().

spin_button :

a GtkSpinButton

Returns :

the current update policy

gtk_spin_button_get_value ()

gdouble             gtk_spin_button_get_value           (GtkSpinButton *spin_button);

Get the value in the spin_button.

spin_button :

a GtkSpinButton

Returns :

the value of spin_button

gtk_spin_button_get_wrap ()

gboolean            gtk_spin_button_get_wrap            (GtkSpinButton *spin_button);

Returns whether the spin button's value wraps around to the opposite limit when the upper or lower limit of the range is exceeded. See gtk_spin_button_set_wrap().

spin_button :

a GtkSpinButton

Returns :

TRUE if the spin button wraps around

GTK_INPUT_ERROR

#define GTK_INPUT_ERROR -1

Property Details

The "adjustment" property

  "adjustment"               GtkAdjustment*        : Read / Write

The adjustment that holds the value of the spinbutton.


The "climb-rate" property

  "climb-rate"               gdouble               : Read / Write

The acceleration rate when you hold down a button.

Allowed values: >= 0

Default value: 0


The "digits" property

  "digits"                   guint                 : Read / Write

The number of decimal places to display.

Allowed values: <= 20

Default value: 0


The "numeric" property

  "numeric"                  gboolean              : Read / Write

Whether non-numeric characters should be ignored.

Default value: FALSE


The "snap-to-ticks" property

  "snap-to-ticks"            gboolean              : Read / Write

Whether erroneous values are automatically changed to a spin button's nearest step increment.

Default value: FALSE


The "update-policy" property

  "update-policy"            GtkSpinButtonUpdatePolicy  : Read / Write

Whether the spin button should update always, or only when the value is legal.

Default value: GTK_UPDATE_ALWAYS


The "value" property

  "value"                    gdouble               : Read / Write

Reads the current value, or sets a new value.

Default value: 0


The "wrap" property

  "wrap"                     gboolean              : Read / Write

Whether a spin button should wrap upon reaching its limits.

Default value: FALSE

Style Property Details

The "shadow-type" style property

  "shadow-type"              GtkShadowType         : Read

the type of border that surrounds the arrows of a spin button.

Default value: GTK_SHADOW_IN

Signal Details

The "change-value" signal

void                user_function                      (GtkSpinButton *spinbutton,
                                                        GtkScrollType  arg1,
                                                        gpointer       user_data)       : Run Last / Action

spinbutton :

the object which received the signal.

arg1 :

user_data :

user data set when the signal handler was connected.

The "input" signal

gint                user_function                      (GtkSpinButton *spinbutton,
                                                        gpointer       arg1,
                                                        gpointer       user_data)       : Run Last

spinbutton :

the object which received the signal.

arg1 :

user_data :

user data set when the signal handler was connected.

Returns :


The "output" signal

gboolean            user_function                      (GtkSpinButton *spin_button,
                                                        gpointer       user_data)        : Run Last

The ::output signal can be used to change to formatting of the value that is displayed in the spin buttons entry.

/* show leading zeros */
static gboolean
on_output (GtkSpinButton *spin,
           gpointer       data)
{
   GtkAdjustment *adj;
   gchar *text;
   int value;
   adj = gtk_spin_button_get_adjustment (spin);
   value = (int)gtk_adjustment_get_value (adj);
   text = g_strdup_printf ("%02d", value);
   gtk_entry_set_text (GTK_ENTRY (spin), text);
   g_free (text);
   
   return TRUE;
}

spin_button :

the object which received the signal

user_data :

user data set when the signal handler was connected.

Returns :

TRUE if the value has been displayed.

The "value-changed" signal

void                user_function                      (GtkSpinButton *spinbutton,
                                                        gpointer       user_data)       : Run Last

spinbutton :

the object which received the signal.

user_data :

user data set when the signal handler was connected.

The "wrapped" signal

void                user_function                      (GtkSpinButton *spinbutton,
                                                        gpointer       user_data)       : Run Last

The wrapped signal is emitted right after the spinbutton wraps from its maximum to minimum value or vice-versa.

spinbutton :

the object which received the signal

user_data :

user data set when the signal handler was connected.

Since 2.10

See Also

GtkEntry

retrieve text rather than numbers.