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GtkMessageDialog

GtkMessageDialog — A convenient message window

Synopsis


#include <gtk/gtk.h>

                    GtkMessageDialog;
enum                GtkMessageType;
enum                GtkButtonsType;
GtkWidget*          gtk_message_dialog_new              (GtkWindow *parent,
                                                         GtkDialogFlags flags,
                                                         GtkMessageType type,
                                                         GtkButtonsType buttons,
                                                         const gchar *message_format,
                                                         ...);
GtkWidget*          gtk_message_dialog_new_with_markup  (GtkWindow *parent,
                                                         GtkDialogFlags flags,
                                                         GtkMessageType type,
                                                         GtkButtonsType buttons,
                                                         const gchar *message_format,
                                                         ...);
void                gtk_message_dialog_set_markup       (GtkMessageDialog *message_dialog,
                                                         const gchar *str);
void                gtk_message_dialog_set_image        (GtkMessageDialog *dialog,
                                                         GtkWidget *image);
GtkWidget *         gtk_message_dialog_get_image        (GtkMessageDialog *dialog);
void                gtk_message_dialog_format_secondary_text
                                                        (GtkMessageDialog *message_dialog,
                                                         const gchar *message_format,
                                                         ...);
void                gtk_message_dialog_format_secondary_markup
                                                        (GtkMessageDialog *message_dialog,
                                                         const gchar *message_format,
                                                         ...);

Object Hierarchy

  GObject
   +----GInitiallyUnowned
         +----GtkObject
               +----GtkWidget
                     +----GtkContainer
                           +----GtkBin
                                 +----GtkWindow
                                       +----GtkDialog
                                             +----GtkMessageDialog

Implemented Interfaces

GtkMessageDialog implements AtkImplementorIface and GtkBuildable.

Properties

  "buttons"                  GtkButtonsType        : Write / Construct Only
  "image"                    GtkWidget*            : Read / Write
  "message-type"             GtkMessageType        : Read / Write / Construct
  "secondary-text"           gchar*                : Read / Write
  "secondary-use-markup"     gboolean              : Read / Write
  "text"                     gchar*                : Read / Write
  "use-markup"               gboolean              : Read / Write

Style Properties

  "message-border"           gint                  : Read
  "use-separator"            gboolean              : Read

Description

GtkMessageDialog presents a dialog with an image representing the type of message (Error, Question, etc.) alongside some message text. It's simply a convenience widget; you could construct the equivalent of GtkMessageDialog from GtkDialog without too much effort, but GtkMessageDialog saves typing.

The easiest way to do a modal message dialog is to use gtk_dialog_run(), though you can also pass in the GTK_DIALOG_MODAL flag, gtk_dialog_run() automatically makes the dialog modal and waits for the user to respond to it. gtk_dialog_run() returns when any dialog button is clicked.

Example 8. A modal dialog.

 dialog = gtk_message_dialog_new (main_application_window,
                                  GTK_DIALOG_DESTROY_WITH_PARENT,
                                  GTK_MESSAGE_ERROR,
                                  GTK_BUTTONS_CLOSE,
                                  "Error loading file '%s': %s",
                                  filename, g_strerror (errno));
 gtk_dialog_run (GTK_DIALOG (dialog));
 gtk_widget_destroy (dialog);


You might do a non-modal GtkMessageDialog as follows:

Example 9. A non-modal dialog.

 dialog = gtk_message_dialog_new (main_application_window,
                                  GTK_DIALOG_DESTROY_WITH_PARENT,
                                  GTK_MESSAGE_ERROR,
                                  GTK_BUTTONS_CLOSE,
                                  "Error loading file '%s': %s",
                                  filename, g_strerror (errno));
 /* Destroy the dialog when the user responds to it (e.g. clicks a button) */
 g_signal_connect_swapped (dialog, "response",
                           G_CALLBACK (gtk_widget_destroy),
                           dialog);


Details

GtkMessageDialog

typedef struct _GtkMessageDialog GtkMessageDialog;


enum GtkMessageType

typedef enum
{
  GTK_MESSAGE_INFO,
  GTK_MESSAGE_WARNING,
  GTK_MESSAGE_QUESTION,
  GTK_MESSAGE_ERROR,
  GTK_MESSAGE_OTHER
} GtkMessageType;

The type of message being displayed in the dialog.

GTK_MESSAGE_INFO

Informational message

GTK_MESSAGE_WARNING

Nonfatal warning message

GTK_MESSAGE_QUESTION

Question requiring a choice

GTK_MESSAGE_ERROR

Fatal error message

GTK_MESSAGE_OTHER

None of the above, doesn't get an icon

enum GtkButtonsType

typedef enum
{
  GTK_BUTTONS_NONE,
  GTK_BUTTONS_OK,
  GTK_BUTTONS_CLOSE,
  GTK_BUTTONS_CANCEL,
  GTK_BUTTONS_YES_NO,
  GTK_BUTTONS_OK_CANCEL
} GtkButtonsType;

Prebuilt sets of buttons for the dialog. If none of these choices are appropriate, simply use GTK_BUTTONS_NONE then call gtk_dialog_add_buttons().

GTK_BUTTONS_NONE

no buttons at all

GTK_BUTTONS_OK

an OK button

GTK_BUTTONS_CLOSE

a Close button

GTK_BUTTONS_CANCEL

a Cancel button

GTK_BUTTONS_YES_NO

Yes and No buttons

GTK_BUTTONS_OK_CANCEL

OK and Cancel buttons

gtk_message_dialog_new ()

GtkWidget*          gtk_message_dialog_new              (GtkWindow *parent,
                                                         GtkDialogFlags flags,
                                                         GtkMessageType type,
                                                         GtkButtonsType buttons,
                                                         const gchar *message_format,
                                                         ...);

Creates a new message dialog, which is a simple dialog with an icon indicating the dialog type (error, warning, etc.) and some text the user may want to see. When the user clicks a button a "response" signal is emitted with response IDs from GtkResponseType. See GtkDialog for more details.

parent :

transient parent, or NULL for none

flags :

flags

type :

type of message

buttons :

set of buttons to use

message_format :

printf()-style format string, or NULL

... :

arguments for message_format

Returns :

a new GtkMessageDialog

gtk_message_dialog_new_with_markup ()

GtkWidget*          gtk_message_dialog_new_with_markup  (GtkWindow *parent,
                                                         GtkDialogFlags flags,
                                                         GtkMessageType type,
                                                         GtkButtonsType buttons,
                                                         const gchar *message_format,
                                                         ...);

Creates a new message dialog, which is a simple dialog with an icon indicating the dialog type (error, warning, etc.) and some text which is marked up with the Pango text markup language. When the user clicks a button a "response" signal is emitted with response IDs from GtkResponseType. See GtkDialog for more details.

Special XML characters in the printf() arguments passed to this function will automatically be escaped as necessary. (See g_markup_printf_escaped() for how this is implemented.) Usually this is what you want, but if you have an existing Pango markup string that you want to use literally as the label, then you need to use gtk_message_dialog_set_markup() instead, since you can't pass the markup string either as the format (it might contain '%' characters) or as a string argument.

 GtkWidget *dialog;
 dialog = gtk_message_dialog_new (main_application_window,
                                  GTK_DIALOG_DESTROY_WITH_PARENT,
                                  GTK_MESSAGE_ERROR,
                                  GTK_BUTTONS_CLOSE,
                                  NULL);
 gtk_message_dialog_set_markup (GTK_MESSAGE_DIALOG (dialog),
                                markup);

parent :

transient parent, or NULL for none

flags :

flags

type :

type of message

buttons :

set of buttons to use

message_format :

printf()-style format string, or NULL

... :

arguments for message_format

Returns :

a new GtkMessageDialog

Since 2.4


gtk_message_dialog_set_markup ()

void                gtk_message_dialog_set_markup       (GtkMessageDialog *message_dialog,
                                                         const gchar *str);

Sets the text of the message dialog to be str, which is marked up with the Pango text markup language.

message_dialog :

a GtkMessageDialog

str :

markup string (see Pango markup format)

Since 2.4


gtk_message_dialog_set_image ()

void                gtk_message_dialog_set_image        (GtkMessageDialog *dialog,
                                                         GtkWidget *image);

Sets the dialog's image to image.

dialog :

a GtkMessageDialog

image :

the image

Since 2.10


gtk_message_dialog_get_image ()

GtkWidget *         gtk_message_dialog_get_image        (GtkMessageDialog *dialog);

Gets the dialog's image.

dialog :

a GtkMessageDialog

Returns :

the dialog's image

Since 2.14


gtk_message_dialog_format_secondary_text ()

void                gtk_message_dialog_format_secondary_text
                                                        (GtkMessageDialog *message_dialog,
                                                         const gchar *message_format,
                                                         ...);

Sets the secondary text of the message dialog to be message_format (with printf()-style).

Note that setting a secondary text makes the primary text become bold, unless you have provided explicit markup.

message_dialog :

a GtkMessageDialog

message_format :

printf()-style format string, or NULL

... :

arguments for message_format

Since 2.6


gtk_message_dialog_format_secondary_markup ()

void                gtk_message_dialog_format_secondary_markup
                                                        (GtkMessageDialog *message_dialog,
                                                         const gchar *message_format,
                                                         ...);

Sets the secondary text of the message dialog to be message_format (with printf()-style), which is marked up with the Pango text markup language.

Note that setting a secondary text makes the primary text become bold, unless you have provided explicit markup.

Due to an oversight, this function does not escape special XML characters like gtk_message_dialog_new_with_markup() does. Thus, if the arguments may contain special XML characters, you should use g_markup_printf_escaped() to escape it.

gchar *msg;
 
msg = g_markup_printf_escaped (message_format, ...);
gtk_message_dialog_format_secondary_markup (message_dialog, "%s", msg);
g_free (msg);

message_dialog :

a GtkMessageDialog

message_format :

printf()-style markup string (see Pango markup format), or NULL

... :

arguments for message_format

Since 2.6

Property Details

The "buttons" property

  "buttons"                  GtkButtonsType        : Write / Construct Only

The buttons shown in the message dialog.

Default value: GTK_BUTTONS_NONE


The "image" property

  "image"                    GtkWidget*            : Read / Write

The image for this dialog.

Since 2.10


The "message-type" property

  "message-type"             GtkMessageType        : Read / Write / Construct

The type of the message. The type is used to determine the image that is shown in the dialog, unless the image is explicitly set by the ::image property.

Default value: GTK_MESSAGE_INFO


The "secondary-text" property

  "secondary-text"           gchar*                : Read / Write

The secondary text of the message dialog.

Default value: NULL

Since 2.10


The "secondary-use-markup" property

  "secondary-use-markup"     gboolean              : Read / Write

TRUE if the secondary text of the dialog includes Pango markup. See pango_parse_markup().

Default value: FALSE

Since 2.10


The "text" property

  "text"                     gchar*                : Read / Write

The primary text of the message dialog. If the dialog has a secondary text, this will appear as the title.

Default value: ""

Since 2.10


The "use-markup" property

  "use-markup"               gboolean              : Read / Write

TRUE if the primary text of the dialog includes Pango markup. See pango_parse_markup().

Default value: FALSE

Since 2.10

Style Property Details

The "message-border" style property

  "message-border"           gint                  : Read

Width of border around the label and image in the message dialog.

Allowed values: >= 0

Default value: 12


The "use-separator" style property

  "use-separator"            gboolean              : Read

Whether to draw a separator line between the message label and the buttons in the dialog.

Default value: FALSE

Since 2.4

See Also

GtkDialog