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Properties and Atoms

Properties and Atoms — Functions to manipulate properties on windows

Types and Values

typedef GdkAtom
#define GDK_NONE
enum GdkPropMode

Includes

#include <gdk/gdk.h>

Description

Each window under X can have any number of associated properties attached to it. Properties are arbitrary chunks of data identified by atoms. (An atom is a numeric index into a string table on the X server. They are used to transfer strings efficiently between clients without having to transfer the entire string.) A property has an associated type, which is also identified using an atom.

A property has an associated format, an integer describing how many bits are in each unit of data inside the property. It must be 8, 16, or 32. When data is transferred between the server and client, if they are of different endianesses it will be byteswapped as necessary according to the format of the property. Note that on the client side, properties of format 32 will be stored with one unit per long, even if a long integer has more than 32 bits on the platform. (This decision was apparently made for Xlib to maintain compatibility with programs that assumed longs were 32 bits, at the expense of programs that knew better.)

The functions in this section are used to add, remove and change properties on windows, to convert atoms to and from strings and to manipulate some types of data commonly stored in X window properties.

Functions

GDK_ATOM_TO_POINTER()

#define GDK_ATOM_TO_POINTER(atom) (atom)

Converts a GdkAtom into a pointer type.

Parameters

atom

a GdkAtom.

 

GDK_POINTER_TO_ATOM()

#define GDK_POINTER_TO_ATOM(ptr)  ((GdkAtom)(ptr))

Extracts a GdkAtom from a pointer. The GdkAtom must have been stored in the pointer with GDK_ATOM_TO_POINTER().

Parameters

ptr

a pointer containing a GdkAtom.

 

gdk_text_property_to_text_list ()

gint
gdk_text_property_to_text_list (GdkAtom encoding,
                                gint format,
                                const guchar *text,
                                gint length,
                                gchar ***list);

gdk_text_property_to_text_list is deprecated and should not be used in newly-written code.

Converts a text string from the encoding as it is stored in a property into an array of strings in the encoding of the current local. (The elements of the array represent the nul-separated elements of the original text string.)

Parameters

encoding

an atom representing the encoding. The most common values for this are STRING, or COMPOUND_TEXT. This is value used as the type for the property.

 

format

the format of the property.

 

text

the text data.

 

length

the length of the property, in items.

 

list

location to store a terminated array of strings in the encoding of the current locale. This array should be freed using gdk_free_text_list().

 

Returns

the number of strings stored in list , or 0, if the conversion failed.


gdk_text_property_to_text_list_for_display ()

gint
gdk_text_property_to_text_list_for_display
                               (GdkDisplay *display,
                                GdkAtom encoding,
                                gint format,
                                const guchar *text,
                                gint length,
                                gchar ***list);

gdk_text_property_to_text_list_for_display has been deprecated since version 2.24 and should not be used in newly-written code.

Use gdk_x11_display_text_property_to_text_list()

Convert a text string from the encoding as it is stored in a property into an array of strings in the encoding of the current locale. (The elements of the array represent the nul-separated elements of the original text string.)

Parameters

display

The GdkDisplay where the encoding is defined.

 

encoding

an atom representing the encoding. The most common values for this are STRING, or COMPOUND_TEXT. This is value used as the type for the property.

 

format

the format of the property.

 

text

The text data.

 

length

The number of items to transform.

 

list

location to store a terminated array of strings in the encoding of the current locale. This array should be freed using gdk_free_text_list().

 

Returns

the number of strings stored in list, or 0, if the conversion failed.

Since: 2.2


gdk_free_text_list ()

void
gdk_free_text_list (gchar **list);

gdk_free_text_list is deprecated and should not be used in newly-written code.

Frees the array of strings created by gdk_text_property_to_text_list().

Parameters

list

the value stored in the list parameter by a call to gdk_text_property_to_text_list().

 

gdk_text_property_to_utf8_list ()

gint
gdk_text_property_to_utf8_list (GdkAtom encoding,
                                gint format,
                                const guchar *text,
                                gint length,
                                gchar ***list);

gdk_text_property_to_utf8_list is deprecated and should not be used in newly-written code.

Convert a text property in the giving encoding to a list of UTF-8 strings.

Parameters

encoding

an atom representing the encoding of the text

 

format

the format of the property

 

text

the text to convert

 

length

the length of text , in bytes

 

list

location to store the list of strings or NULL. The list should be freed with g_strfreev().

 

Returns

the number of strings in the resulting list.


gdk_text_property_to_utf8_list_for_display ()

gint
gdk_text_property_to_utf8_list_for_display
                               (GdkDisplay *display,
                                GdkAtom encoding,
                                gint format,
                                const guchar *text,
                                gint length,
                                gchar ***list);

Converts a text property in the given encoding to a list of UTF-8 strings.

Parameters

display

a GdkDisplay

 

encoding

an atom representing the encoding of the text

 

format

the format of the property

 

text

the text to convert

 

length

the length of text , in bytes

 

list

location to store the list of strings or NULL. The list should be freed with g_strfreev().

 

Returns

the number of strings in the resulting list.

Since: 2.2


gdk_string_to_compound_text ()

gint
gdk_string_to_compound_text (const gchar *str,
                             GdkAtom *encoding,
                             gint *format,
                             guchar **ctext,
                             gint *length);

gdk_string_to_compound_text is deprecated and should not be used in newly-written code.

Converts a string from the encoding of the current locale into a form suitable for storing in a window property.

Parameters

str

a nul-terminated string.

 

encoding

location to store the encoding atom (to be used as the type for the property).

 

format

location to store the format for the property.

 

ctext

location to store newly allocated data for the property.

 

length

location to store the length of ctext in items.

 

Returns

0 upon sucess, non-zero upon failure.


gdk_string_to_compound_text_for_display ()

gint
gdk_string_to_compound_text_for_display
                               (GdkDisplay *display,
                                const gchar *str,
                                GdkAtom *encoding,
                                gint *format,
                                guchar **ctext,
                                gint *length);

gdk_string_to_compound_text_for_display has been deprecated since version 2.24 and should not be used in newly-written code.

Use gdk_x11_display_string_to_compound_text()

Convert a string from the encoding of the current locale into a form suitable for storing in a window property.

Parameters

display

the GdkDisplay where the encoding is defined.

 

str

a nul-terminated string.

 

encoding

location to store the encoding atom (to be used as the type for the property).

 

format

location to store the format of the property

 

ctext

location to store newly allocated data for the property.

 

length

the length of text , in bytes

 

Returns

0 upon success, non-zero upon failure.

Since: 2.2


gdk_free_compound_text ()

void
gdk_free_compound_text (guchar *ctext);

gdk_free_compound_text is deprecated and should not be used in newly-written code.

Frees the data returned from gdk_string_to_compound_text().

Parameters

ctext

The pointer stored in ctext from a call to gdk_string_to_compound_text().

 

gdk_utf8_to_string_target ()

gchar *
gdk_utf8_to_string_target (const gchar *str);

Converts an UTF-8 string into the best possible representation as a STRING. The representation of characters not in STRING is not specified; it may be as pseudo-escape sequences \x{ABCD}, or it may be in some other form of approximation.

Parameters

str

a UTF-8 string

 

Returns

the newly-allocated string, or NULL if the conversion failed. (It should not fail for any properly formed UTF-8 string unless system limits like memory or file descriptors are exceeded.)


gdk_utf8_to_compound_text ()

gboolean
gdk_utf8_to_compound_text (const gchar *str,
                           GdkAtom *encoding,
                           gint *format,
                           guchar **ctext,
                           gint *length);

gdk_utf8_to_compound_text is deprecated and should not be used in newly-written code.

Convert from UTF-8 to compound text.

Parameters

str

a UTF-8 string

 

encoding

location to store resulting encoding

 

format

location to store format of the result

 

ctext

location to store the data of the result

 

length

location to store the length of the data stored in ctext

 

Returns

TRUE if the conversion succeeded, otherwise false.


gdk_utf8_to_compound_text_for_display ()

gboolean
gdk_utf8_to_compound_text_for_display (GdkDisplay *display,
                                       const gchar *str,
                                       GdkAtom *encoding,
                                       gint *format,
                                       guchar **ctext,
                                       gint *length);

gdk_utf8_to_compound_text_for_display has been deprecated since version 2.24 and should not be used in newly-written code.

Use gdk_x11_display_utf8_to_compound_text()

Converts from UTF-8 to compound text.

Parameters

display

a GdkDisplay

 

str

a UTF-8 string

 

encoding

location to store resulting encoding

 

format

location to store format of the result

 

ctext

location to store the data of the result

 

length

location to store the length of the data stored in ctext

 

Returns

TRUE if the conversion succeeded, otherwise FALSE.

Since: 2.2


gdk_atom_intern ()

GdkAtom
gdk_atom_intern (const gchar *atom_name,
                 gboolean only_if_exists);

Finds or creates an atom corresponding to a given string.

Parameters

atom_name

a string.

 

only_if_exists

if TRUE, GDK is allowed to not create a new atom, but just return GDK_NONE if the requested atom doesn't already exists. Currently, the flag is ignored, since checking the existance of an atom is as expensive as creating it.

 

Returns

the atom corresponding to atom_name .


gdk_atom_intern_static_string ()

GdkAtom
gdk_atom_intern_static_string (const gchar *atom_name);

Finds or creates an atom corresponding to a given string.

Note that this function is identical to gdk_atom_intern() except that if a new GdkAtom is created the string itself is used rather than a copy. This saves memory, but can only be used if the string will always exist. It can be used with statically allocated strings in the main program, but not with statically allocated memory in dynamically loaded modules, if you expect to ever unload the module again (e.g. do not use this function in GTK+ theme engines).

Parameters

atom_name

a static string

 

Returns

the atom corresponding to atom_name

Since: 2.10


gdk_atom_name ()

gchar *
gdk_atom_name (GdkAtom atom);

Determines the string corresponding to an atom.

Parameters

atom

a GdkAtom.

 

Returns

a newly-allocated string containing the string corresponding to atom . When you are done with the return value, you should free it using g_free().


gdk_property_get ()

gboolean
gdk_property_get (GdkWindow *window,
                  GdkAtom property,
                  GdkAtom type,
                  gulong offset,
                  gulong length,
                  gint pdelete,
                  GdkAtom *actual_property_type,
                  gint *actual_format,
                  gint *actual_length,
                  guchar **data);

Retrieves a portion of the contents of a property. If the property does not exist, then the function returns FALSE, and GDK_NONE will be stored in actual_property_type.

The XGetWindowProperty() function that gdk_property_get() uses has a very confusing and complicated set of semantics. Unfortunately, gdk_property_get() makes the situation worse instead of better (the semantics should be considered undefined), and also prints warnings to stderr in cases where it should return a useful error to the program. You are advised to use XGetWindowProperty() directly until a replacement function for gdk_property_get() is provided.

Parameters

window

a GdkWindow.

 

property

the property to retrieve.

 

type

the desired property type, or GDK_NONE, if any type of data is acceptable. If this does not match the actual type, then actual_format and actual_length will be filled in, a warning will be printed to stderr and no data will be returned.

 

offset

the offset into the property at which to begin retrieving data, in 4 byte units.

 

length

the length of the data to retrieve in bytes. Data is considered to be retrieved in 4 byte chunks, so length will be rounded up to the next highest 4 byte boundary (so be careful not to pass a value that might overflow when rounded up).

 

pdelete

if TRUE, delete the property after retrieving the data.

 

actual_property_type

location to store the actual type of the property.

 

actual_format

location to store the actual return format of the data; either 8, 16 or 32 bits.

 

actual_length

location to store the length of the retrieved data, in bytes. Data returned in the 32 bit format is stored in a long variable, so the actual number of 32 bit elements should be be calculated via actual_length /sizeof(glong) to ensure portability to 64 bit systems.

 

data

location to store a pointer to the data. The retrieved data should be freed with g_free() when you are finished using it.

 

Returns

TRUE if data was successfully received and stored in data , otherwise FALSE.


gdk_property_change ()

void
gdk_property_change (GdkWindow *window,
                     GdkAtom property,
                     GdkAtom type,
                     gint format,
                     GdkPropMode mode,
                     const guchar *data,
                     gint nelements);

Changes the contents of a property on a window.

Parameters

window

a GdkWindow.

 

property

the property to change.

 

type

the new type for the property. If mode is GDK_PROP_MODE_PREPEND or GDK_PROP_MODE_APPEND, then this must match the existing type or an error will occur.

 

format

the new format for the property. If mode is GDK_PROP_MODE_PREPEND or GDK_PROP_MODE_APPEND, then this must match the existing format or an error will occur.

 

mode

a value describing how the new data is to be combined with the current data.

 

data

the data (a guchar * gushort *, or gulong *, depending on format ), cast to a guchar *.

 

nelements

the number of elements of size determined by the format, contained in data .

 

gdk_property_delete ()

void
gdk_property_delete (GdkWindow *window,
                     GdkAtom property);

Deletes a property from a window.

Parameters

window

a GdkWindow.

 

property

the property to delete.

 

Types and Values

GdkAtom

typedef struct _GdkAtom            *GdkAtom;

An opaque type representing a string as an index into a table of strings on the X server.


GDK_NONE

#define GDK_NONE            _GDK_MAKE_ATOM (0)

A null value for GdkAtom, used in a similar way as None in the Xlib API.


enum GdkPropMode

Describes how existing data is combined with new data when using gdk_property_change().

Members

GDK_PROP_MODE_REPLACE

the new data replaces the existing data.

 

GDK_PROP_MODE_PREPEND

the new data is prepended to the existing data.

 

GDK_PROP_MODE_APPEND

the new data is appended to the existing data.

 
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