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General

General — Library initialization and miscellaneous functions

Types and Values

Includes

#include <gdk/gdk.h>

Description

This section describes the GDK initialization functions and miscellaneous utility functions.

Functions

gdk_init ()

void
gdk_init (gint *argc,
          gchar ***argv);

Initializes the GDK library and connects to the X server. If initialization fails, a warning message is output and the application terminates with a call to exit(1).

Any arguments used by GDK are removed from the array and argc and argv are updated accordingly.

GTK+ initializes GDK in gtk_init() and so this function is not usually needed by GTK+ applications.

Parameters

argc

.

[inout]

argv

.

[array length=argc][inout]

gdk_init_check ()

gboolean
gdk_init_check (gint *argc,
                gchar ***argv);

Initialize the library for use.

Arguments: "argc" is the number of arguments. "argv" is an array of strings.

Results: "argc" and "argv" are modified to reflect any arguments which were not handled. (Such arguments should either be handled by the application or dismissed). If initialization fails, returns FALSE, otherwise TRUE.

Side effects: The library is initialized.

--------------------------------------------------------------

Initializes the GDK library and connects to the X server, returning TRUE on success.

Any arguments used by GDK are removed from the array and argc and argv are updated accordingly.

GTK+ initializes GDK in gtk_init() and so this function is not usually needed by GTK+ applications.

Parameters

argc

.

[inout]

argv

.

[array length=argc][inout]

Returns

TRUE if initialization succeeded.


gdk_parse_args ()

void
gdk_parse_args (gint *argc,
                gchar ***argv);

Parse command line arguments, and store for future use by calls to gdk_display_open().

Any arguments used by GDK are removed from the array and argc and argv are updated accordingly.

You shouldn't call this function explicitely if you are using gtk_init(), gtk_init_check(), gdk_init(), or gdk_init_check().

Parameters

argc

the number of command line arguments.

 

argv

the array of command line arguments.

[inout][array length=argc]

Since: 2.2


gdk_get_display_arg_name ()

const gchar *
gdk_get_display_arg_name (void);

Gets the display name specified in the command line arguments passed to gdk_init() or gdk_parse_args(), if any.

Returns

the display name, if specified explicitely, otherwise NULL this string is owned by GTK+ and must not be modified or freed.

Since: 2.2


gdk_set_locale ()

gchar *
gdk_set_locale (void);

gdk_set_locale has been deprecated since version 2.24 and should not be used in newly-written code.

Use setlocale() directly

Initializes the support for internationalization by calling the setlocale() system call. This function is called by gtk_set_locale() and so GTK+ applications should use that instead.

The locale to use is determined by the LANG environment variable, so to run an application in a certain locale you can do something like this:

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export LANG="fr"
... run application ...

If the locale is not supported by X then it is reset to the standard "C" locale.

Returns

the resulting locale.


gdk_set_sm_client_id ()

void
gdk_set_sm_client_id (const gchar *sm_client_id);

gdk_set_sm_client_id has been deprecated since version 2.24 and should not be used in newly-written code.

Use gdk_x11_set_sm_client_id() instead

Sets the SM_CLIENT_ID property on the application's leader window so that the window manager can save the application's state using the X11R6 ICCCM session management protocol.

See the X Session Management Library documentation for more information on session management and the Inter-Client Communication Conventions Manual (ICCCM) for information on the WM_CLIENT_LEADER property. (Both documents are part of the X Window System distribution.)

Parameters

sm_client_id

the client id assigned by the session manager when the connection was opened, or NULL to remove the property.

 

gdk_exit ()

void
gdk_exit (gint error_code);

gdk_exit is deprecated and should not be used in newly-written code.

Exits the application using the exit() system call.

This routine is provided mainly for backwards compatibility, since it used to perform tasks necessary to exit the application cleanly. Those tasks are now performed in a function which is automatically called on exit (via the use of g_atexit()).

Parameters

error_code

the error code to pass to the exit() call.

 

gdk_notify_startup_complete ()

void
gdk_notify_startup_complete (void);

Indicates to the GUI environment that the application has finished loading. If the applications opens windows, this function is normally called after opening the application's initial set of windows.

GTK+ will call this function automatically after opening the first GtkWindow unless gtk_window_set_auto_startup_notification() is called to disable that feature.

Since: 2.2


gdk_notify_startup_complete_with_id ()

void
gdk_notify_startup_complete_with_id (const gchar *startup_id);

Indicates to the GUI environment that the application has finished loading, using a given identifier.

GTK+ will call this function automatically for GtkWindow with custom startup-notification identifier unless gtk_window_set_auto_startup_notification() is called to disable that feature.

Parameters

startup_id

a startup-notification identifier, for which notification process should be completed

 

Since: 2.12


gdk_get_program_class ()

const char *
gdk_get_program_class (void);

gdk_get_program_class is deprecated and should not be used in newly-written code.

Gets the program class. Unless the program class has explicitly been set with gdk_set_program_class() or with the --class commandline option, the default value is the program name (determined with g_get_prgname()) with the first character converted to uppercase.

Returns

the program class.


gdk_set_program_class ()

void
gdk_set_program_class (const char *program_class);

Sets the program class. The X11 backend uses the program class to set the class name part of the WM_CLASS property on toplevel windows; see the ICCCM.

Parameters

program_class

a string.

 

gdk_get_display ()

gchar *
gdk_get_display (void);

gdk_get_display is deprecated and should not be used in newly-written code.

Gets the name of the display, which usually comes from the DISPLAY environment variable or the --display command line option.

Returns

the name of the display.


gdk_flush ()

void
gdk_flush (void);

Flushes the X output buffer and waits until all requests have been processed by the server. This is rarely needed by applications. It's main use is for trapping X errors with gdk_error_trap_push() and gdk_error_trap_pop().


gdk_screen_width ()

gint
gdk_screen_width (void);

Returns the width of the default screen in pixels.

Returns

the width of the default screen in pixels.


gdk_screen_height ()

gint
gdk_screen_height (void);

Returns the height of the default screen in pixels.

Returns

the height of the default screen in pixels.


gdk_screen_width_mm ()

gint
gdk_screen_width_mm (void);

Returns the width of the default screen in millimeters. Note that on many X servers this value will not be correct.

Returns

the width of the default screen in millimeters, though it is not always correct.


gdk_screen_height_mm ()

gint
gdk_screen_height_mm (void);

Returns the height of the default screen in millimeters. Note that on many X servers this value will not be correct.

Returns

the height of the default screen in millimeters, though it is not always correct.


gdk_pointer_grab ()

GdkGrabStatus
gdk_pointer_grab (GdkWindow *window,
                  gboolean owner_events,
                  GdkEventMask event_mask,
                  GdkWindow *confine_to,
                  GdkCursor *cursor,
                  guint32 time_);

gdk_pointer_grab is deprecated and should not be used in newly-written code.

Grabs the pointer (usually a mouse) so that all events are passed to this application until the pointer is ungrabbed with gdk_pointer_ungrab(), or the grab window becomes unviewable. This overrides any previous pointer grab by this client.

Pointer grabs are used for operations which need complete control over mouse events, even if the mouse leaves the application. For example in GTK+ it is used for Drag and Drop, for dragging the handle in the GtkHPaned and GtkVPaned widgets, and for resizing columns in GtkCList widgets.

Note that if the event mask of an X window has selected both button press and button release events, then a button press event will cause an automatic pointer grab until the button is released. X does this automatically since most applications expect to receive button press and release events in pairs. It is equivalent to a pointer grab on the window with owner_events set to TRUE.

If you set up anything at the time you take the grab that needs to be cleaned up when the grab ends, you should handle the GdkEventGrabBroken events that are emitted when the grab ends unvoluntarily.

Parameters

window

the GdkWindow which will own the grab (the grab window).

 

owner_events

if FALSE then all pointer events are reported with respect to window and are only reported if selected by event_mask . If TRUE then pointer events for this application are reported as normal, but pointer events outside this application are reported with respect to window and only if selected by event_mask . In either mode, unreported events are discarded.

 

event_mask

specifies the event mask, which is used in accordance with owner_events . Note that only pointer events (i.e. button and motion events) may be selected.

 

confine_to

If non-NULL, the pointer will be confined to this window during the grab. If the pointer is outside confine_to , it will automatically be moved to the closest edge of confine_to and enter and leave events will be generated as necessary.

 

cursor

the cursor to display while the grab is active. If this is NULL then the normal cursors are used for window and its descendants, and the cursor for window is used for all other windows.

 

time_

the timestamp of the event which led to this pointer grab. This usually comes from a GdkEventButton struct, though GDK_CURRENT_TIME can be used if the time isn't known.

 

Returns

GDK_GRAB_SUCCESS if the grab was successful.


gdk_pointer_ungrab ()

void
gdk_pointer_ungrab (guint32 time_);

Ungrabs the pointer on the default display, if it is grabbed by this application.

Parameters

time_

a timestamp from a GdkEvent, or GDK_CURRENT_TIME if no timestamp is available.

 

gdk_pointer_is_grabbed ()

gboolean
gdk_pointer_is_grabbed (void);

Returns TRUE if the pointer on the default display is currently grabbed by this application.

Note that this does not take the inmplicit pointer grab on button presses into account.

Returns

TRUE if the pointer is currently grabbed by this application.*


gdk_set_double_click_time ()

void
gdk_set_double_click_time (guint msec);

Set the double click time for the default display. See gdk_display_set_double_click_time(). See also gdk_display_set_double_click_distance(). Applications should not set this, it is a global user-configured setting.

Parameters

msec

double click time in milliseconds (thousandths of a second)

 

gdk_keyboard_grab ()

GdkGrabStatus
gdk_keyboard_grab (GdkWindow *window,
                   gboolean owner_events,
                   guint32 time_);

Grabs the keyboard so that all events are passed to this application until the keyboard is ungrabbed with gdk_keyboard_ungrab(). This overrides any previous keyboard grab by this client.

If you set up anything at the time you take the grab that needs to be cleaned up when the grab ends, you should handle the GdkEventGrabBroken events that are emitted when the grab ends unvoluntarily.

Parameters

window

the GdkWindow which will own the grab (the grab window).

 

owner_events

if FALSE then all keyboard events are reported with respect to window . If TRUE then keyboard events for this application are reported as normal, but keyboard events outside this application are reported with respect to window . Both key press and key release events are always reported, independant of the event mask set by the application.

 

time_

a timestamp from a GdkEvent, or GDK_CURRENT_TIME if no timestamp is available.

 

Returns

GDK_GRAB_SUCCESS if the grab was successful.


gdk_keyboard_ungrab ()

void
gdk_keyboard_ungrab (guint32 time_);

Ungrabs the keyboard on the default display, if it is grabbed by this application.

Parameters

time_

a timestamp from a GdkEvent, or GDK_CURRENT_TIME if no timestamp is available.

 

gdk_beep ()

void
gdk_beep (void);

Emits a short beep on the default display.


gdk_get_use_xshm ()

gboolean
gdk_get_use_xshm (void);

gdk_get_use_xshm is deprecated and should not be used in newly-written code.

Returns TRUE if GDK will attempt to use the MIT-SHM shared memory extension.

The shared memory extension is used for GdkImage, and consequently for GdkRGB. It enables much faster drawing by communicating with the X server through SYSV shared memory calls. However, it can only be used if the X client and server are on the same machine and the server supports it.

Returns

TRUE if use of the MIT shared memory extension will be attempted.


gdk_set_use_xshm ()

void
gdk_set_use_xshm (gboolean use_xshm);

gdk_set_use_xshm is deprecated and should not be used in newly-written code.

Sets whether the use of the MIT shared memory extension should be attempted. This function is mainly for internal use. It is only safe for an application to set this to FALSE, since if it is set to TRUE and the server does not support the extension it may cause warning messages to be output.

Parameters

use_xshm

TRUE if use of the MIT shared memory extension should be attempted.

 

gdk_error_trap_push ()

void
gdk_error_trap_push (void);

This function allows X errors to be trapped instead of the normal behavior of exiting the application. It should only be used if it is not possible to avoid the X error in any other way.

Example 1. Trapping an X error

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gdk_error_trap_push ();
/* ... Call the X function which may cause an error here ... */
/* Flush the X queue to catch errors now. */
gdk_flush ();
if (gdk_error_trap_pop ())
  {
    /* ... Handle the error here ... */
  }


gdk_error_trap_pop ()

gint
gdk_error_trap_pop (void);

Removes the X error trap installed with gdk_error_trap_push().

Returns

the X error code, or 0 if no error occurred.

Types and Values

enum GdkGrabStatus

Returned by gdk_pointer_grab() and gdk_keyboard_grab() to indicate success or the reason for the failure of the grab attempt.

Members

GDK_GRAB_SUCCESS

the resource was successfully grabbed.

 

GDK_GRAB_ALREADY_GRABBED

the resource is actively grabbed by another client.

 

GDK_GRAB_INVALID_TIME

the resource was grabbed more recently than the specified time.

 

GDK_GRAB_NOT_VIEWABLE

the grab window or the confine_to window are not viewable.

 

GDK_GRAB_FROZEN

the resource is frozen by an active grab of another client.

 

GDK_WINDOWING_X11

#define GDK_WINDOWING_X11

This macro is defined if GDK is configured to use the X11 backend.

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