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getattrlistbulk(2)          BSD System Calls Manual         getattrlistbulk(2)


     getattrlistbulk -- get file system attributes for multiple directory


     #include <sys/attr.h>
     #include <unistd.h>

     getattrlistbulk(int dirfd, struct attrlist * attrList, void * attrBuf,
         size_t attrBufSize, uint64_t options);


     The getattrlistbulk() function iterates over the items in a directory and
     returns information about each directory entry like getattrlist(2).
     Note: when getattrlistbulk() returns information about a symbolic link,
     the information returned is about the link itself, not the target of the

     The function reads directory entries from the directory referenced by the
     file descriptor dirfd.  The attrList parameter determines what attributes
     are returned for each entry.  Attributes of those directory entries are
     placed into the buffer specified by attrBuf and attrBufSize.  The options
     parameter allows you to modify the behaviour of the call.

     The dirfd parameter must be a file descriptor that references a directory
     that you have opened for reading.

     The attrList parameter is a pointer to an attrlist structure.  All fields
     of this structure must be filled before calling the function.  See the
     discussion of the getattrlist(2) function for a detailed description of
     this structure.  To get an attribute, the corresponding bit in the appro-
     priate attrgroup_t field of the attrlist structure must be set.  Volume
     attributes  cannot be requested but all other supported getattrlist
     attributes can be used. For this function, ATTR_CMN_NAME and
     ATRR_CMN_RETURNED_ATTRS are required and the absence of these attributes
     in the attrList parameter results in an error. Note that not all
     attributes supported by getattrlist() may be vended back by this call,
     which is why the aforementioned flag must be supplied. In particular
     ATTR_CMN_FULLPATH may not be valid on all directory entries whose infor-
     mation is requested by this call.

     The attrBuf and attrBufSize parameters specify a buffer into which the
     function places attribute values.  The attributes for any given directory
     entry are grouped together and packed in exactly the same way as they are
     returned from getattrlist(2) and are subject to exactly the same align-
     ment specifications and restrictions. These groups are then placed into
     the buffer, one after another.  getattrlist(2) should be consulted on
     details of the attributes that can be requested for and returned. The
     name of the entry itself is provided by the ATTR_CMN_NAME attribute.
     Each group starts with a leading uint32_t , which will always be 8-byte
     aligned that contains the overall length of the group.  You can step from
     one group to the next by simply adding this length to your pointer.  The
     sample code (below) shows how to do this.  The initial contents of this
     buffer are ignored.

     The options parameter is a bit set that controls the behaviour of
     getattrlistbulk().  The following option bits are defined.

     FSOPT_PACK_INVAL_ATTRS  If this is bit is set, then all requested
                             attributes, even ones that are not supported by
                             the object or file file system, will be returned
                             the attrBuf. The attributes actually returned can
                             be determined by looking at the attribute_set_t
                             structure returned for the
                             ATTR_CMN_RETURNED_ATTRS attribute. Default values
                             will be returned for invalid attributes and
                             should be ignored.

                             Please see the discussion of this flag in

     If ATTR_CMN_ERROR has been requested and an error specific to a directory
     entry occurs, an error will be reported. The ATTR_CMN_ERROR attribute is
     a uint32_t which, if non-zero, specifies the error code that was encoun-
     tered during the processing of that directory entry. The ATTR_CMN_ERROR
     attribute will be after ATTR_CMN_RETURNED_ATTRS attribute in the returned

     It is typical to ask for a combination of common, file, and directory
     attributes and then use the value of the ATTR_CMN_OBJTYPE attribute to
     parse the resulting attribute buffer.

     A directory which is a mount point for a file system, will have a value
     attribute entry. However the attributes for the mount point will be those
     from the (underlying) file system. The only way to get the attributes of
     mounted root directory is to call getattrlist(2) on the mount point.


     Upon successful completion the numbers of entries successfully read is
     returned. A value of 0 indicates there are no more entries. Once 0 is
     returned, no further entries are returned even if new entries are added
     to the directory.  Directory iteration should be restarted either by
     repostioning the offset to 0 by lseek() or by closing the file descriptor
     and opening the directory again. On error, a value of -1 is returned and
     errno is set to indicate the error.

     When iterating all entries in a directory, getattrlistbulk() is called
     repeatedly until a 0 is returned. In such a case if readdir() and
     getattrlistbulk() calls on the same fd are mixed, the behavior is unde-


     getattrlistbulk() will fail if:

     [EBADF]            dirfd is not a valid file descriptor for a directory
                        open for reading.

     [ENOTDIR]          The File descriptor dirfd is not a directory.

     [EACCES]           Search permission is denied on the directory whose
                        descriptor is given as input.

     [EFAULT]           attrList or attrBuf points to an invalid address.

     [ERANGE]           The buffer was too small.

     [EINVAL]           The bitmapcount field of attrList is not

     [EINVAL]           An invalid attribute was requested.

     [EINVAL]           Volume attributes were requested.

                        requested in the attrList parameter.

     [EIO]              An I/O error occurred while reading from or writing to
                        the file system.


     The following code lists the contents of a directory using
     getattrlistbulk().  The listing includes the file type.

     #include <sys/syscall.h>
     #include <sys/attr.h>
     #include <sys/errno.h>
     #include <sys/vnode.h>
     #include <unistd.h>
     #include <fcntl.h>
     #include <stdio.h>
     #include <assert.h>
     #include <stddef.h>
     #include <string.h>
     #include <stdbool.h>

     typedef struct val_attrs {
         uint32_t          length;
         attribute_set_t   returned;
         uint32_t          error;
         attrreference_t   name_info;
         char              *name;
         fsobj_type_t      obj_type;
     } val_attrs_t;

     void demo(const char *dirpath)
         int error;
         int dirfd;
         struct attrlist attrList;
         char *entry_start;
         char attrBuf[256];

         memset(&attrList, 0, sizeof(attrList));
         attrList.bitmapcount = ATTR_BIT_MAP_COUNT;
         attrList.commonattr  = ATTR_CMN_RETURNED_ATTRS |
                                ATTR_CMN_NAME |
                                ATTR_CMN_ERROR |

         error = 0;
         dirfd = open(dirpath, O_RDONLY, 0);
         if (dirfd < 0) {
             error = errno;
             printf("Could not open directory %s", dirpath);
             perror("Error was ");
         } else {
             for (;;) {
                 int retcount;

                 retcount = getattrlistbulk(dirfd, &attrList, &attrBuf[0],
                                    sizeof(attrBuf), 0);
                 printf("\ngetattrlistbulk returned %d", retcount);
                 if (retcount == -1) {
                     error = errno;
                     perror("Error returned : ");
                 } else if (retcount == 0) {
                     /* No more entries in directory */
                     error = 0;
                 } else {
                     int    index;
                     uint32_t total_length;
                     char   *field;

                     entry_start = &attrBuf[0];
                     total_length = 0;
                     printf(" -> entries returned");
                     for (index = 0; index < retcount; index++) {
                         val_attrs_t    attrs = {0};

                         printf("\n Entry %d", index);
                         printf("  --  ");
                         field = entry_start;
                         attrs.length = *(uint32_t *)field;
                         printf(" Length %d ", attrs.length);
                         total_length += attrs.length;
                         printf(" Total Length %d ", total_length);
                         field += sizeof(uint32_t);
                         printf("  --  ");

                         /* set starting point for next entry */
                         entry_start += attrs.length;

                         attrs.returned = *(attribute_set_t *)field;
                         field += sizeof(attribute_set_t);

                         if (attrs.returned.commonattr & ATTR_CMN_ERROR) {
                             attrs.error = *(uint32_t *)field;
                             field += sizeof(uint32_t);

                         if (attrs.returned.commonattr & ATTR_CMN_NAME) {
                    =  field;
                             attrs.name_info = *(attrreference_t *)field;
                             field += sizeof(attrreference_t);
                             printf("  %s ", ( +

                         /* Check for error for this entry */
                         if (attrs.error) {
                              * Print error and move on to next
                              * entry
                             printf("Error in reading attributes for directory                                entry %d", attrs.error);

                         printf("  --  ");
                         if (attrs.returned.commonattr & ATTR_CMN_OBJTYPE) {
                             attrs.obj_type = *(fsobj_type_t *)field;
                             field += sizeof(fsobj_type_t);

                             switch (attrs.obj_type) {
                                 case VREG:
                                     printf("file  ");
                                 case VDIR:
                                     printf("directory    ");
                                     printf("obj_type = %-2d  ", attrs.obj_type);
                         printf("  --  ");


     getattrlist(2), lseek(2)


     A getattrlistbulk() function call appeared in OS X version 10.10

Darwin                         November 15, 2013                        Darwin

Mac OS X 10.12.6 - Generated Sun Oct 29 10:52:43 CDT 2017
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