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gnutls-cli(1)                    User Commands                   gnutls-cli(1)




NAME

       gnutls-cli - GnuTLS client


SYNOPSIS

       gnutls-cli  [-flags] [-flag [value]] [--option-name[[=| ]value]] [host-
       name]

       Operands and options may be intermixed.  They will be reordered.



DESCRIPTION

       Simple client program to set up a TLS connection  to  some  other  com-
       puter.  It sets up a TLS connection and forwards data from the standard
       input to the secured socket and vice versa.


OPTIONS

       -d number, --debug=number
              Enable debugging.  This option takes an integer  number  as  its
              argument.  The value of number is constrained to being:
                  in the range  0 through 9999

              Specifies the debug level.

       -V, --verbose
              More verbose output.  This option may appear an unlimited number
              of times.


       --tofu, --no-tofu
              Enable trust on first use authentication.  The no-tofu form will
              disable the option.

              This option will, in addition to certificate authentication,
              perform authentication based on previously seen public keys, a
              model similar to SSH authentication. Note that when tofu is
              specified (PKI) and DANE authentication will become advisory to
              assist the public key acceptance process.

       --strict-tofu, --no-strict-tofu
              Fail to connect if a certificate is unknown or a known certifi-
              cate has changed.  The no-strict-tofu form will disable the
              option.

              This option will perform authentication as with option --tofu;
              however, no questions shall be asked whatsoever, neither to
              accept an unknown certificate nor a changed one.

       --dane, --no-dane
              Enable DANE certificate verification (DNSSEC).  The no-dane form
              will disable the option.

              This option will, in addition to certificate authentication
              using the trusted CAs, verify the server certificates using on
              the DANE information available via DNSSEC.

       --local-dns, --no-local-dns
              Use the local DNS server for DNSSEC resolving.  The no-local-dns
              form will disable the option.

              This option will use the local DNS server for DNSSEC.  This is
              disabled by default due to many servers not allowing DNSSEC.

       --ca-verification, --no-ca-verification
              Enable CA certificate verification.  The no-ca-verification form
              will disable the option.  This option is enabled by default.

              This option can be used to enable or disable CA certificate ver-
              ification. It is to be used with the --dane or --tofu options.

       --ocsp, --no-ocsp
              Enable OCSP certificate verification.  The no-ocsp form will
              disable the option.

              This option will enable verification of the peer's certificate
              using ocsp

       -r, --resume
              Establish a session and resume.

              Connect, establish a session, reconnect and resume.

       --earlydata=string
              Send early data on resumption from the specified file.


       -e, --rehandshake
              Establish a session and rehandshake.

              Connect, establish a session and rehandshake immediately.

       --sni-hostname=string
              Server's hostname for server name indication extension.

              Set explicitly the server name used in the TLS server name indi-
              cation extension. That is useful when testing with servers setup
              on different DNS name than the intended. If not specified, the
              provided hostname is used. Even with this option server certifi-
              cate verification still uses the hostname passed on the main
              commandline. Use --verify-hostname to change this.

       --verify-hostname=string
              Server's hostname to use for validation.

              Set explicitly the server name to be used when validating the
              server's certificate.

       -s, --starttls
              Connect, establish a plain session and start TLS.

              The TLS session will be initiated when EOF or a SIGALRM is
              received.

       --app-proto
              This is an alias for the --starttls-proto option.

       --starttls-proto=string
              The application protocol to be used to obtain the server's cer-
              tificate (https, ftp, smtp, imap, ldap, xmpp, lmtp, pop3, nntp,
              sieve, postgres).  This option must not appear in combination
              with any of the following options: starttls.

              Specify the application layer protocol for STARTTLS. If the pro-
              tocol is supported, gnutls-cli will proceed to the TLS negotia-
              tion.

       -u, --udp
              Use DTLS (datagram TLS) over UDP.


       --mtu=number
              Set MTU for datagram TLS.  This option takes an integer number
              as its argument.  The value of number is constrained to being:
                  in the range  0 through 17000


       --crlf Send CR LF instead of LF.


       --fastopen
              Enable TCP Fast Open.


       --x509fmtder
              Use DER format for certificates to read from.


       --print-cert
              Print peer's certificate in PEM format.


       --save-cert=string
              Save the peer's certificate chain in the specified file in PEM
              format.


       --save-ocsp=string
              Save the peer's OCSP status response in the provided file.  This
              option must not appear in combination with any of the following
              options: save-ocsp-multi.


       --save-ocsp-multi=string
              Save all OCSP responses provided by the peer in this file.  This
              option must not appear in combination with any of the following
              options: save-ocsp.

              The file will contain a list of PEM encoded OCSP status
              responses if any were provided by the peer, starting with the
              one for the peer's server certificate.

       --save-server-trace=string
              Save the server-side TLS message trace in the provided file.


       --save-client-trace=string
              Save the client-side TLS message trace in the provided file.


       --dh-bits=number
              The minimum number of bits allowed for DH.  This option takes an
              integer number as its argument.

              This option sets the minimum number of bits allowed for a
              Diffie-Hellman key exchange. You may want to lower the default
              value if the peer sends a weak prime and you get an connection
              error with unacceptable prime.

       --priority=string
              Priorities string.

              TLS algorithms and protocols to enable. You can use predefined
              sets of ciphersuites such as PERFORMANCE, NORMAL, PFS,
              SECURE128, SECURE256. The default is NORMAL.

              Check  the  GnuTLS  manual  on  section  "Priority strings" for
              more information on the allowed keywords

       --x509cafile=string
              Certificate file or PKCS #11 URL to use.


       --x509crlfile=file
              CRL file to use.


       --x509keyfile=string
              X.509 key file or PKCS #11 URL to use.


       --x509certfile=string
              X.509 Certificate file or PKCS #11 URL to use.  This option must
              appear in combination with the following options: x509keyfile.


       --rawpkkeyfile=string
              Private key file (PKCS #8 or PKCS #12) or PKCS #11 URL to use.

              In order to instruct the application to negotiate raw public
              keys one must enable the respective certificate types via the
              priority strings (i.e. CTYPE-CLI-* and CTYPE-SRV-* flags).

              Check  the  GnuTLS  manual  on  section  "Priority strings" for
              more information on how to set certificate types.

       --rawpkfile=string
              Raw public-key file to use.  This option must appear in combina-
              tion with the following options: rawpkkeyfile.

              In order to instruct the application to negotiate raw public
              keys one must enable the respective certificate types via the
              priority strings (i.e. CTYPE-CLI-* and CTYPE-SRV-* flags).

              Check  the  GnuTLS  manual  on  section  "Priority strings" for
              more information on how to set certificate types.

       --srpusername=string
              SRP username to use.


       --srppasswd=string
              SRP password to use.


       --pskusername=string
              PSK username to use.


       --pskkey=string
              PSK key (in hex) to use.


       -p string, --port=string
              The port or service to connect to.


       --insecure
              Don't abort program if server certificate can't be validated.


       --verify-allow-broken
              Allow broken algorithms, such as MD5 for certificate verifica-
              tion.


       --ranges
              Use length-hiding padding to prevent traffic analysis.

              When possible (e.g., when using CBC ciphersuites), use length-
              hiding padding to prevent traffic analysis.

              NOTE: THIS OPTION IS DEPRECATED

       --benchmark-ciphers
              Benchmark individual ciphers.

              By default the benchmarked ciphers will utilize any capabilities
              of the local CPU to improve performance. To test against the raw
              software implementation set the environment variable
              GNUTLS_CPUID_OVERRIDE to 0x1.

       --benchmark-tls-kx
              Benchmark TLS key exchange methods.


       --benchmark-tls-ciphers
              Benchmark TLS ciphers.

              By default the benchmarked ciphers will utilize any capabilities
              of the local CPU to improve performance. To test against the raw
              software implementation set the environment variable
              GNUTLS_CPUID_OVERRIDE to 0x1.

       -l, --list
              Print a list of the supported algorithms and modes.  This option
              must not appear in combination with any of the following
              options: port.

              Print a list of the supported algorithms and modes. If a prior-
              ity string is given then only the enabled ciphersuites are
              shown.

       --priority-list
              Print a list of the supported priority strings.

              Print a list of the supported priority strings. The ciphersuites
              corresponding to each priority string can be examined using -l
              -p.

       --noticket
              Don't allow session tickets.

              Disable the request of receiving of session tickets under TLS1.2
              or earlier

       --srtp-profiles=string
              Offer SRTP profiles.


       --alpn=string
              Application layer protocol.  This option may appear an unlimited
              number of times.

              This option will set and enable the Application Layer Protocol
              Negotiation  (ALPN) in the TLS protocol.

       -b, --heartbeat
              Activate heartbeat support.


       --recordsize=number
              The maximum record size to advertise.  This option takes an
              integer number as its argument.  The value of number is con-
              strained to being:
                  in the range  0 through 4096


       --disable-sni
              Do not send a Server Name Indication (SNI).


       --disable-extensions
              Disable all the TLS extensions.

              This option disables all TLS extensions. Deprecated option. Use
              the priority string.

              NOTE: THIS OPTION IS DEPRECATED

       --single-key-share
              Send a single key share under TLS1.3.

              This option switches the default mode of sending multiple key
              shares, to send a single one (the top one).

       --post-handshake-auth
              Enable post-handshake authentication under TLS1.3.

              This option enables post-handshake authentication when under
              TLS1.3.

       --inline-commands
              Inline commands of the form ^<cmd>^.

              Enable inline commands of the form ^<cmd>^. The inline commands
              are expected to be in a line by themselves. The available com-
              mands are: resume, rekey1 (local rekey), rekey (rekey on both
              peers) and renegotiate.

       --inline-commands-prefix=string
              Change the default delimiter for inline commands..

              Change the default delimiter (^) used for inline commands. The
              delimiter is expected to be a single US-ASCII character (octets
              0 - 127). This option is only relevant if inline commands are
              enabled via the inline-commands option

       --provider=file
              Specify the PKCS #11 provider library.

              This will override the default options in
              /etc/gnutls/pkcs11.conf

       --fips140-mode
              Reports the status of the FIPS140-2 mode in gnutls library.


       --logfile=string
              Redirect informational messages to a specific file..

              Redirect informational messages to a specific file. The file may
              be /dev/null also to make the gnutls client quiet to use it in
              piped server connections where only the server communication may
              appear on stdout.

       --keymatexport=string
              Label used for exporting keying material.


       --keymatexportsize=number
              Size of the exported keying material.  This option takes an
              integer number as its argument.


       --waitresumption
              Block waiting for the resumption data under TLS1.3.

              This option makes the client to block waiting for the resumption
              data under TLS1.3. The option has effect only when --resume is
              provided.

       -h, --help
              Display usage information and exit.

       -!, --more-help
              Pass the extended usage information through a pager.

       -v [{v|c|n --version [{v|c|n}]}]
              Output version of program and exit.  The default mode is `v', a
              simple version.  The `c' mode will print copyright information
              and `n' will print the full copyright notice.



EXAMPLES

       Connecting using PSK authentication
       To connect to a server using PSK authentication, you need to enable the
       choice of PSK by using a cipher priority parameter such as in the exam-
       ple below.
           $ ./gnutls-cli -p 5556 localhost --pskusername psk_identity     --pskkey 88f3824b3e5659f52d00e959bacab954b6540344     --priority NORMAL:-KX-ALL:+ECDHE-PSK:+DHE-PSK:+PSK
           Resolving 'localhost'...
           Connecting to '127.0.0.1:5556'...
           - PSK authentication.
           - Version: TLS1.1
           - Key Exchange: PSK
           - Cipher: AES-128-CBC
           - MAC: SHA1
           - Compression: NULL
           - Handshake was completed
           - Simple Client Mode:
       By keeping the --pskusername parameter and removing the --pskkey param-
       eter, it will query only for the password during the handshake.

       Connecting using raw public-key authentication
       To connect to a server using raw public-key authentication, you need to
       enable the option to negotiate raw public-keys via the priority strings
       such as in the example below.
           $ ./gnutls-cli -p 5556 localhost --priority NORMAL:-CTYPE-CLI-ALL:+CTYPE-CLI-RAWPK     --rawpkkeyfile cli.key.pem     --rawpkfile cli.rawpk.pem
           Processed 1 client raw public key pair...
           Resolving 'localhost'...
           Connecting to '127.0.0.1:5556'...
           - Successfully sent 1 certificate(s) to server.
           - Server has requested a certificate.
           - Certificate type: X.509
           - Got a certificate list of 1 certificates.
           - Certificate[0] info:
            - skipped
           - Description: (TLS1.3-Raw Public Key-X.509)-(ECDHE-SECP256R1)-(RSA-PSS-RSAE-SHA256)-(AES-256-GCM)
           - Options:
           - Handshake was completed
           - Simple Client Mode:

       Connecting to STARTTLS services

       You could also use the client to connect to services with starttls
       capability.
           $ gnutls-cli --starttls-proto smtp --port 25 localhost

       Listing ciphersuites in a priority string
       To list the ciphersuites in a priority string:
           $ ./gnutls-cli --priority SECURE192 -l
           Cipher suites for SECURE192
           TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_AES_256_CBC_SHA384         0xc0, 0x24  TLS1.2
           TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_AES_256_GCM_SHA384         0xc0, 0x2e  TLS1.2
           TLS_ECDHE_RSA_AES_256_GCM_SHA384           0xc0, 0x30  TLS1.2
           TLS_DHE_RSA_AES_256_CBC_SHA256             0x00, 0x6b  TLS1.2
           TLS_DHE_DSS_AES_256_CBC_SHA256             0x00, 0x6a  TLS1.2
           TLS_RSA_AES_256_CBC_SHA256                 0x00, 0x3d  TLS1.2

           Certificate types: CTYPE-X.509
           Protocols: VERS-TLS1.2, VERS-TLS1.1, VERS-TLS1.0, VERS-SSL3.0, VERS-DTLS1.0
           Compression: COMP-NULL
           Elliptic curves: CURVE-SECP384R1, CURVE-SECP521R1
           PK-signatures: SIGN-RSA-SHA384, SIGN-ECDSA-SHA384, SIGN-RSA-SHA512, SIGN-ECDSA-SHA512

       Connecting using a PKCS #11 token
       To connect to a server using a certificate and a private key present in
       a PKCS #11 token you need to substitute the PKCS 11 URLs in the
       x509certfile and x509keyfile parameters.

       Those can be found using "p11tool --list-tokens" and then listing all
       the objects in the needed token, and using the appropriate.
           $ p11tool --list-tokens

           Token 0:
           URL: pkcs11:model=PKCS15;manufacturer=MyMan;serial=1234;token=Test
           Label: Test
           Manufacturer: EnterSafe
           Model: PKCS15
           Serial: 1234

           $ p11tool --login --list-certs "pkcs11:model=PKCS15;manufacturer=MyMan;serial=1234;token=Test"

           Object 0:
           URL: pkcs11:model=PKCS15;manufacturer=MyMan;serial=1234;token=Test;object=client;type=cert
           Type: X.509 Certificate
           Label: client
           ID: 2a:97:0d:58:d1:51:3c:23:07:ae:4e:0d:72:26:03:7d:99:06:02:6a

           $ MYCERT="pkcs11:model=PKCS15;manufacturer=MyMan;serial=1234;token=Test;object=client;type=cert"
           $ MYKEY="pkcs11:model=PKCS15;manufacturer=MyMan;serial=1234;token=Test;object=client;type=private"
           $ export MYCERT MYKEY

           $ gnutls-cli www.example.com --x509keyfile $MYKEY --x509certfile $MYCERT
       Notice that the private key only differs from the certificate in the
       type.


EXIT STATUS

       One of the following exit values will be returned:

       0  (EXIT_SUCCESS)
              Successful program execution.

       1  (EXIT_FAILURE)
              The operation failed or the command syntax was not valid.

       70  (EX_SOFTWARE)
              libopts had an internal operational error.  Please report it to
              autogen-users@lists.sourceforge.net.  Thank you.



SEE ALSO

       gnutls-cli-debug(1), gnutls-serv(1)


AUTHORS

       Nikos Mavrogiannopoulos, Simon Josefsson and others; see
       /usr/share/doc/gnutls/AUTHORS for a complete list.


COPYRIGHT

       Copyright (C) 2000-2020 Free Software Foundation, and others all rights
       reserved.  This program is released under the terms of the GNU General
       Public License, version 3 or later.


BUGS

       Please send bug reports to: bugs@gnutls.org


NOTES

       This manual page was AutoGen-erated from the gnutls-cli option defini-
       tions.



3.6.15                            04 Sep 2020                    gnutls-cli(1)

gnutls 3.6.15 - Generated Sat Sep 5 13:27:23 CDT 2020
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