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chown(1)                          User Commands                         chown(1)


       chown - change file owner and group


       chown [OPTION]... [OWNER][:[GROUP]] FILE...
       chown [OPTION]... --reference=RFILE FILE...


       This manual page documents the GNU version of chown.  chown changes the
       user and/or group ownership of each given file.  If only an owner (a user
       name or numeric user ID) is given, that user is made the owner of each
       given file, and the files' group is not changed.  If the owner is
       followed by a colon and a group name (or numeric group ID), with no
       spaces between them, the group ownership of the files is changed as well.
       If a colon but no group name follows the user name, that user is made the
       owner of the files and the group of the files is changed to that user's
       login group.  If the colon and group are given, but the owner is omitted,
       only the group of the files is changed; in this case, chown performs the
       same function as chgrp.  If only a colon is given, or if the entire
       operand is empty, neither the owner nor the group is changed.


       Change the owner and/or group of each FILE to OWNER and/or GROUP.  With
       --reference, change the owner and group of each FILE to those of RFILE.

       -c, --changes
              like verbose but report only when a change is made

       -f, --silent, --quiet
              suppress most error messages

       -v, --verbose
              output a diagnostic for every file processed

              affect the referent of each symbolic link (this is the default),
              rather than the symbolic link itself

       -h, --no-dereference
              affect symbolic links instead of any referenced file (useful only
              on systems that can change the ownership of a symlink)

              change the owner and/or group of each file only if its current
              owner and/or group match those specified here.  Either may be
              omitted, in which case a match is not required for the omitted

              do not treat '/' specially (the default)

              fail to operate recursively on '/'

              use RFILE's owner and group rather than specifying OWNER:GROUP
              values.  RFILE is always dereferenced.

       -R, --recursive
              operate on files and directories recursively

       The following options modify how a hierarchy is traversed when the -R
       option is also specified.  If more than one is specified, only the final
       one takes effect.

       -H     if a command line argument is a symbolic link to a directory,
              traverse it

       -L     traverse every symbolic link to a directory encountered

       -P     do not traverse any symbolic links (default)

       --help display this help and exit

              output version information and exit

       Owner is unchanged if missing.  Group is unchanged if missing, but
       changed to login group if implied by a ':' following a symbolic OWNER.
       OWNER and GROUP may be numeric as well as symbolic.


       chown root /u
              Change the owner of /u to "root".

       chown root:staff /u
              Likewise, but also change its group to "staff".

       chown -hR root /u
              Change the owner of /u and subfiles to "root".


       Written by David MacKenzie and Jim Meyering.


       GNU coreutils online help: <>
       Report any translation bugs to <>


       Copyright © 2023 Free Software Foundation, Inc.  License GPLv3+: GNU GPL
       version 3 or later <>.
       This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it.  There
       is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.



       Full documentation <>
       or available locally via: info '(coreutils) chown invocation'

GNU coreutils 9.2                  March 2023                           chown(1)

coreutils 9.2 - Generated Fri Mar 31 05:40:05 CDT 2023
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Individual documents may contain additional copyright information.