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hier(7)              BSD Miscellaneous Information Manual              hier(7)


     hier -- layout of filesystems


     A historical sketch of the filesystem hierarchy.
     outlines the modern Mac OS X filesystem.

     /             root directory of the filesystem

     /bin/         user utilities fundamental to both single-user and multi-
                   user environments

     /dev/         block and character device files

                   fd/  file descriptor files; see fd(4)

     /etc/         system configuration files and scripts

     /mach_kernel  kernel executable (the operating system loaded into memory
                   at boot time).

     /sbin/        system programs and administration utilities fundamental to
                   both single-user and multi-user environments

     /tmp/         temporary files

     /usr/         contains the majority of user utilities and applications

                   bin/      common utilities, programming tools, and applica-
                   include/  standard C include files

                             arpa/       C include files for Internet service
                             hfs/        C include files for HFS
                             machine/    machine specific C include files
                             net/        misc network C include files
                             netinet/    C include files for Internet standard
                                         protocols; see inet(4)
                             nfs/        C include files for NFS (Network File
                             objc/       C include files for Objective-C
                             protocols/  C include files for Berkeley service
                             sys/        system C include files (kernel data
                             ufs/        C include files for UFS

                   lib/      archive libraries
                   libexec/  system daemons & system utilities (executed by
                             other programs)
                   local/    executables, libraries, etc. not included by the
                             basic operating system
                   sbin/     system daemons & system utilities (executed by
                   share/    architecture-independent data files

                             calendar/  a variety of pre-fab calendar files;
                                        see calendar(1)
                             dict/      word lists; see look(1)

                                        web2        words from Webster's 2nd
                                        words       common words

                             man/       manual pages
                             misc/      misc system-wide ascii text files
                             mk/        templates for make; see make(1)
                             skel/      example . (dot) files for new accounts
                             tabset/    tab description files for a variety of
                                        terminals; used in the termcap file;
                                        see termcap(5)
                             zoneinfo/  timezone configuration information;
                                        see tzfile(5)

     /var/         multi-purpose log, temporary, transient, and spool files

                   at/        timed command scheduling files; see at(1)
                   backups/   misc. backup files
                   db/        misc. automatically generated system-specific
                              database files
                   log/       misc. system log files

                   mail/      user mailbox files
                   run/       system information files describing various info
                              about system since it was booted

                              utmpx       database of current users; see

                   rwho/      rwho data files; see rwhod(8), rwho(1), and
                   spool/     misc. printer and mail system spooling directo-

                              mqueue/     undelivered mail queue; see

                   tmp/       temporary files that are kept between system
                   folders/   per-user temporary files and caches


     ls(1), apropos(1), whatis(1), whereis(1), finger(1), which(1), find(1),
     grep(1), fsck(8)


     A hier manual page appeared in Version 7 AT&T UNIX.

BSD                              July 23, 2007                             BSD

Mac OS X 10.6 - Generated Thu Sep 17 20:25:34 CDT 2009
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