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utmp(5)                     BSD File Formats Manual                    utmp(5)


NAME

     utmp, wtmp, lastlog -- login records (DEPRECATED)


SYNOPSIS

     #include <utmp.h>


DESCRIPTION

     The interfaces in file <utmp.h> are all DEPRECATED and are only provided
     for compatibility with previous releases of Mac OS X.  See pututxline(3)
     and utmpx(5) for the supported interfaces.

     <utmp.h> declares the structures used to record information about current
     users in the file utmp, logins and logouts in the file wtmp, and last
     logins in the file lastlog.  The time stamps of date changes, shutdowns
     and reboots are also logged in the wtmp file.

     These files can grow rapidly on busy systems, daily or weekly rotation is
     recommended.  If any of these files do not exist, it is not created.
     These files must be created manually and are normally maintained in
     either the script /etc/daily or the script /etc/weekly.  (See cron(8).)

           #define _PATH_UTMP      "/var/run/utmp"
           #define _PATH_WTMP      "/var/log/wtmp"
           #define _PATH_LASTLOG   "/var/log/lastlog"

           #define UT_NAMESIZE     8
           #define UT_LINESIZE     8
           #define UT_HOSTSIZE     16

           struct lastlog {
                   time_t  ll_time;
                   char    ll_line[UT_LINESIZE];
                   char    ll_host[UT_HOSTSIZE];
           };

           struct utmp {
                   char    ut_line[UT_LINESIZE];
                   char    ut_name[UT_NAMESIZE];
                   char    ut_host[UT_HOSTSIZE];
                   time_t  ut_time;
           };

     Each time a user logs in, the login program looks up the user's UID in
     the file lastlog. If it is found, the timestamp of the last time the user
     logged in, the terminal line and the hostname are written to the standard
     output. (Providing the login is not quiet, see login(1).)  The login pro-
     gram then records the new login time in the file lastlog.

     After the new lastlog record is written , the file utmp is opened and the
     utmp record for the user inserted.  This record remains there until the
     user logs out at which time it is deleted.  The utmp file is used by the
     programs rwho(1), users(1), w(1), and who(1).

     Next, the login program opens the file wtmp, and appends the user's utmp
     record.  The same utmp record, with an updated time stamp is later
     appended to the file when the user logs out. (See launchd(8).)  The wtmp
     file is used by the programs last(1) and ac(8).

     In the event of a date change, a shutdown or reboot, the following items
     are logged in the wtmp file.

     reboot
     shutdown    A system reboot or shutdown has been initiated.  The charac-
                 ter `~' is placed in the field ut_line, and reboot or
                 shutdown in the field ut_name.  (See shutdown(8) and
                 reboot(8).)

     date        The system time has been manually or automatically updated.
                 (See date(1).)  The command name date is recorded in the
                 field ut_name.  In the field ut_line, the character `|' indi-
                 cates the time prior to the change, and the character `{'
                 indicates the new time.


FILES

     (These files no longer exist in 10.5 or later.)

     /var/run/utmp     The utmp file.
     /var/log/wtmp     The wtmp file.
     /var/log/lastlog  The lastlog file.


SEE ALSO

     last(1), login(1), who(1), ac(8), launchd(8)


HISTORY

     A utmp and wtmp file format appeared in Version 6 AT&T UNIX.  The lastlog
     file format appeared in 3.0BSD.

4th Berkeley Distribution       March 17, 1994       4th Berkeley Distribution

Mac OS X 10.8 - Generated Sun Sep 2 08:46:14 CDT 2012