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snmp.conf(5)                       Net-SNMP                       snmp.conf(5)




NAME

       snmp.conf - configuration files for the Net-SNMP applications


DESCRIPTION

       Applications  built  using  the Net-SNMP libraries typically use one or
       more configuration files to control various aspects of their operation.
       These  files  (snmp.conf  and snmp.local.conf) can be located in one of
       several locations, as described in the snmp_config(5) manual page.

       In particular, /etc/snmp/snmp.conf is a  common  file,  containing  the
       settings  shared  by  all  users of the system.  ~/.snmp/snmp.conf is a
       personal file, with the settings specific to a particular user.


HOST-SPECIFIC FILES

       Host-specific files may also be loaded and will be searched  for  if  a
       transport  name  is specified that matches a PATH/hosts/HOST.conf file.
       For example, if you wanted a particular host to use SNMPv2c by  default
       you could create a ~/.snmp/hosts/NAME.conf file and in it put:

              defVersion 2c

       Any  connections  set to connect to the hostname NAME will use SNMPv2c.
       Also see the transport token below for additional  host-specific  exam-
       ples.

       Host-specific configuration files are loaded at the time the connection
       is opened.  Thus they're generally loaded after all other configuration
       files and can be used to override settings from the generic files.

       To avoid loading any host-specific config files set "dontLoadHostConfig
       true" in your snmp.conf file.


COMMAND-LINE OPTIONS

       All of the tokens described in this file can be  used  on  the  command
       line of Net-SNMP applications as well by prefixing them with "--".  EG,
       specifying --dontLoadHostConfig=true on the command line will  turn  of
       loading of the host specific configuration files.


IMPORTANT NOTE

       Several  of these directives may contain sensitive information (such as
       pass phrases).  Configuration files that include such  settings  should
       only be readable by the user concerned.

       As well as application-specific configuration tokens, there are several
       directives that relate to standard library behaviour, relevant to  most
       Net-SNMP  applications.   Many of these correspond to standard command-
       line options, which are described in the snmpcmd(1) manual page.

       These directives can be divided into several distinct groups.


CLIENT BEHAVIOUR

       defDomain application domain
              The transport domain that should be used for a certain  applica-
              tion type unless something else is specified.

       defTarget application domain target
              The  target  that  should  be  used for connections to a certain
              application if the connection should be in a specific domain.

       defaultPort PORT
              defines the default UDP port that client SNMP applications  will
              attempt  to  connect  to.   This can be overridden by explicitly
              including a port number in the  AGENT  specification.   See  the
              snmpcmd(1) manual page for more details.

              If not specified, the default value for this token is 161.

       transport HOSTSPECIFIER
              This special token should go into a hostname-specific configura-
              tion file in a hosts sub-directory.  For  example  if  the  file
              hosts/foo.conf  exists in the search path it will be loaded if a
              transport name of foo was used.  Within the  foo.conf  file  you
              may  put  both  general  snmp.conf settings as well as a special
              transport string to specify the destination to connect to.   For
              example, putting:

                     transport tcp:foo.example.com:9876

              in  the  hosts/foo.conf  file will make applications referencing
              the foo hostname (e.g. snmpget) to actually connect via  TCP  to
              foo.exmaple.com on port 9876.

       defVersion (1|2c|3)
              defines  the  default version of SNMP to use.  This can be over-
              ridden using the -v option.

       defCommunity STRING
              defines the default community to  use  for  SNMPv1  and  SNMPv2c
              requests.  This can be overridden using the -c option.

       alias NAME DEFINITION
              Creates  an  aliased  tied to NAME for a given transport defini-
              tion.  The alias can the be referred to using an alias:  prefix.
              Eg, a line of "alias here udp:127.0.0.1:6161" would allow you to
              use   a   destination   host   of   "alias:here"   instead    of
              "udp:127.0.0.1:6161".   This  becomes  more  useful with complex
              transport addresses involving IPv6 addresses, etc.

       dumpPacket yes
              defines whether to display a hexadecimal dump of  the  raw  SNMP
              requests  sent and received by the application.  This is equiva-
              lent to the -d option.

       doDebugging (1|0)
              turns on debugging for all applications run if set to 1.

       debugTokens TOKEN[,TOKEN...]
              defines the debugging tokens that should be turned on when doDe-
              bugging is set.  This is equivalent to the -D option.

       16bitIDs yes
              restricts requestIDs, etc to 16-bit values.

              The SNMP specifications define these ID fields as 32-bit quanti-
              ties, and the Net-SNMP library  typically  initialises  them  to
              random  values  for  security.   However certain (broken) agents
              cannot handle ID values greater than 2^16 - this  option  allows
              interoperability with such agents.

       clientaddr [<transport-specifier>:]<transport-address>
              specifies the source address to be used by command-line applica-
              tions when sending SNMP requests. See snmpcmd(1) for more infor-
              mation about the format of addresses.

              This  value is also used by snmpd when generating notifications.

       clientRecvBuf INTEGER
              specifies the desired size of the buffer to be used when receiv-
              ing  responses  to SNMP requests.  If the OS hard limit is lower
              than the clientRecvBuf value, then this will  be  used  instead.
              Some  platforms  may  decide  to increase the size of the buffer
              actually used for internal housekeeping.

              This directive will be ignored if the platforms does not support
              setsockopt().

       clientSendBuf INTEGER
              is  similar  to  clientRecvBuf,  but  applies to the size of the
              buffer used when sending SNMP requests.

       noRangeCheck yes
              disables the validation of varbind values against the MIB  defi-
              nition  for  the  relevant  OID.   This is equivalent to the -Ir
              option.

              This directive is primarily relevant to the snmpset command, but
              will  also  apply  to  any application that calls snmp_add_var()
              with a non-NULL value.

       noTokenWarnings
              disables warnings about unknown config file tokens.

       reverseEncodeBER (1|yes|true|0|no|false)
              controls how the encoding of SNMP requests is handled.

              The default behaviour is to encode packets starting from the end
              of the PDU and working backwards.  This directive can be used to
              disable this behaviour, and build the  encoded  request  in  the
              (more obvious) forward direction.

              It  should  not normally be necessary to change this setting, as
              the encoding is basically the same in either case - but  working
              backwards typically produces a slightly more efficient encoding,
              and hence a smaller network datagram.

       dontLoadHostConfig (1|yes|true|0|no|false)
              Specifies whether or not the host-specific  configuration  files
              are  loaded.   Set to "true" to turn off the loading of the host
              specific configuration files.


SNMPv3 SETTINGS

       defSecurityName STRING
              defines the default security name to use  for  SNMPv3  requests.
              This can be overridden using the -u option.

       defSecurityLevel noAuthNoPriv|authNoPriv|authPriv
              defines  the  default security level to use for SNMPv3 requests.
              This can be overridden using the -l option.

              If not specified, the default value for this token is  noAuthNo-
              Priv.

              Note:  authPriv  is only available if the software has been com-
                     piled to use the OpenSSL libraries.

       defPassphrase STRING

       defAuthPassphrase STRING

       defPrivPassphrase STRING
              define the default authentication and privacy  pass  phrases  to
              use  for  SNMPv3 requests.  These can be overridden using the -A
              and -X options respectively.

              The defPassphrase value will  be  used  for  the  authentication
              and/or  privacy  pass  phrases if either of the other directives
              are not specified.

       defAuthType MD5|SHA

       defPrivType DES|AES
              define the default authentication and privacy protocols  to  use
              for  SNMPv3  requests.  These can be overridden using the -a and
              -x options respectively.

              If not specified, SNMPv3 requests will default to MD5  authenti-
              cation and DES encryption.

              Note:  If  the software has not been compiled to use the OpenSSL
                     libraries, then only  MD5  authentication  is  supported.
                     Neither  SHA  authentication  nor  any form of encryption
                     will be available.

       defContext STRING
              defines the default context to use for  SNMPv3  requests.   This
              can be overridden using the -n option.

              If  not  specified,  the  default  value  for  this token is the
              default context (i.e. the empty string "").

       defSecurityModel STRING
              defines the security model to  use  for  SNMPv3  requests.   The
              default  value  is  "usm" which is the only widely used security
              model for SNMPv3.

       defAuthMasterKey 0xHEXSTRING

       defPrivMasterKey 0xHEXSTRING

       defAuthLocalizedKey 0xHEXSTRING

       defPrivLocalizedKey 0xHEXSTRING
              define the (hexadecimal) keys to be used for SNMPv3 secure  com-
              munications.    SNMPv3   keys  are  frequently  derived  from  a
              passphrase, as discussed in  the  defPassphrase  section  above.
              However  for improved security a truely random key can be gener-
              ated and used instead (which would normally has  better  entropy
              than  a  password  unless it is amazingly long).  The directives
              are equivalent to the short-form command line options -3m,  -3M,
              -3k, and -3K.

              Localized  keys  are  master keys which have been converted to a
              unique key which is only suitable for on particular SNMP  engine
              (agent).   The length of the key needs to be appropriate for the
              authentication or encryption type being used (auth keys:  MD5=16
              bytes,  SHA1=20 bytes; priv keys: DES=16 bytes (8 bytes of which
              is used as an IV and not a key), and AES=16 bytes).

       sshtosnmpsocketperms PATH
              Sets the path of the sshtosnmp socket created by an  application
              (e.g.  snmpd) listening for incoming ssh connections through the
              sshtosnmp unix socket.

       sshtosnmpsocketperms MODE [OWNER [GROUP]]
              Sets the mode, owner and group of the sshtosnmp  socket  created
              by  an  application (e.g. snmpd) listening for incoming ssh con-
              nections through the sshtosnmp unix socket.  The socket needs to
              be  read/write privileged for SSH users that are allowed to con-
              nect to the SNMP service (VACM access still needs to be  granted
              as well, most likely through the TSM security model).


SERVER BEHAVIOUR

       persistentDir DIRECTORY
              defines the directory where snmpd and snmptrapd store persistent
              configuration settings.

              If  not  specified,  the  persistent   directory   defaults   to
              /var/db/net-snmp

       noPersistentLoad yes

       noPersistentSave yes
              disable  the  loading  and  saving  of  persistent configuration
              information.

              Note:  This will break SNMPv3 operations  (and  other  behaviour
                     that  relies  on  changes  persisting  across application
                     restart).  Use With Care.

       tempFilePattern PATTERN
              defines a filename template for creating  temporary  files,  for
              handling input to and output from external shell commands.  Used
              by the mkstemp() and mktemp() functions.

              If not specified, the default pattern is "/tmp/snmpdXXXXXX".

       serverRecvBuf INTEGER
              specifies the desired size of the buffer to be used when receiv-
              ing  incoming SNMP requests.  If the OS hard limit is lower than
              the serverRecvBuf value, then this will be used  instead.   Some
              platforms may decide to increase the size of the buffer actually
              used for internal housekeeping.

              This directive will be ignored if the platforms does not support
              setsockopt().

       serverSendBuf INTEGER
              is  similar  to  serverRecvBuf,  but  applies to the size of the
              buffer used when sending SNMP responses.


MIB HANDLING

       mibdirs DIRLIST
              specifies a list of directories to search for MIB  files.   This
              operates  in  the same way as the -M option - see snmpcmd(1) for
              details.  Note that this value can be overridden by the  MIBDIRS
              environment variable, and the -M option.

       mibs MIBLIST
              specifies  a  list  of  MIB  modules  (not files) that should be
              loaded.  This operates in the same way as the -m  option  -  see
              snmpcmd(1)  for  details.  Note that this list can be overridden
              by the MIBS environment variable, and the -m option.

       mibfile FILE
              specifies a (single) MIB file to load, in addition to  the  list
              read  from  the  mibs token (or equivalent configuration).  Note
              that this value can be overridden by  the  MIBFILES  environment
              variable.

       showMibErrors (1|yes|true|0|no|false)
              whether to display MIB parsing errors.

       commentToEOL (1|yes|true|0|no|false)
              whether  MIB parsing should be strict about comment termination.
              Many MIB writers assume that ASN.1 comments extend to the end of
              the  text  line,  rather  than being terminated by the next "--"
              token.  This token can be used to accept such  (strictly  incor-
              rect) MIBs.
              Note that this directive was previous (mis-)named strictComment-
              Term, but with the reverse behaviour from that  implied  by  the
              name.   This  earlier token is still accepted for backwards com-
              patibility.

       mibAllowUnderline (1|yes|true|0|no|false)
              whether to allow underline characters in MIB  object  names  and
              enumeration  values.   This  token  can  be  used to accept such
              (strictly incorrect) MIBs.

       mibWarningLevel INTEGER
              the minimum warning level of the warnings  printed  by  the  MIB
              parser.


OUTPUT CONFIGURATION

       logTimestamp (1|yes|true|0|no|false)
              Whether the commands should log timestamps with their error/mes-
              sage logging or not.  Note that output will not look  as  pretty
              with  timestamps  if  the  source code that is doing the logging
              does incremental logging of messages that are not line  buffered
              before  being  passed  to  the logging routines.  This option is
              only used when file logging is active.

       printNumericEnums (1|yes|true|0|no|false)
              Equivalent to -Oe.

       printNumericOids (1|yes|true|0|no|false)
              Equivalent to -On.

       dontBreakdownOids (1|yes|true|0|no|false)
              Equivalent to -Ob.

       escapeQuotes (1|yes|true|0|no|false)
              Equivalent to -OE.

       quickPrinting (1|yes|true|0|no|false)
              Equivalent to -Oq.

       printValueOnly (1|yes|true|0|no|false)
              Equivalent to -Ov.

       dontPrintUnits (1|yes|true|0|no|false)
              Equivalent to -OU.

       numericTimeticks (1|yes|true|0|no|false)
              Equivalent to -Ot.

       printHexText (1|yes|true|0|no|false)
              Equivalent to -OT.

       hexOutputLength integer
              Specifies where to break up the output of  hexadecimal  strings.
              Set to 0 to disable line breaks.  Defaults to 16.

       suffixPrinting (0|1|2)
              The  value  1 is equivalent to -Os and the value 2 is equivalent
              to -OS.

       oidOutputFormat (1|2|3|4|5|6)
              Maps -O options as follow: -Os=1, -OS=2,  -Of=3,  -On=4,  -Ou=5.
              The value 6 has no matching -O option. It suppresses output.

       extendedIndex (1|yes|true|0|no|false)
              Equivalent to -OX.

       noDisplayHint (1|yes|true|0|no|false)
              Disables  the  use  of  DISPLAY-HINT  information  when  parsing
              indices and values to set. Equivalent to -Ih.


FILES

       System-wide configuration files:
              /etc/snmp/snmp.conf
              /etc/snmp/snmp.local.conf

       User-specific configuration settings:
              $HOME/.snmp/snmp.conf
              $HOME/.snmp/snmp.local.conf

       Destination host specific files:
              /etc/snmp/hosts/HOSTNAME.conf
              $HOME/.snmp/hosts/HOSTNAME.conf



SEE ALSO

       snmp_config(5), netsnmp_config_api(3), snmpcmd(1).



V5.6                              21 Apr 2010                     snmp.conf(5)

Mac OS X 10.8 - Generated Sun Sep 2 06:08:13 CDT 2012
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