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strstr(3)                BSD Library Functions Manual                strstr(3)


NAME

     strcasestr, strcasestr_l, strnstr, strstr -- locate a substring in a
     string


LIBRARY

     Standard C Library (libc, -lc)


SYNOPSIS

     #include <string.h>

     char *
     strcasestr(const char *s1, const char *s2);

     char *
     strnstr(const char *s1, const char *s2, size_t n);

     char *
     strstr(const char *s1, const char *s2);

     #include <string.h>
     #include <xlocale.h>

     char *
     strcasestr_l(const char *s1, const char *s2, locale_t loc);


DESCRIPTION

     The strstr() function locates the first occurrence of the null-terminated
     string s2 in the null-terminated string s1.

     The strcasestr() function is similar to strstr(), but ignores the case of
     both strings.

     The strnstr() function locates the first occurrence of the null-termi-
     nated string s2 in the string s1, where not more than n characters are
     searched.  Characters that appear after a `\0' character are not
     searched.  Since the strnstr() function is a FreeBSD specific API, it
     should only be used when portability is not a concern.

     While the strcasestr() function uses the current locale, the
     strcasestr_l() function may be passed a locale directly. See xlocale(3)
     for more information.


RETURN VALUES

     If s2 is an empty string, s1 is returned; if s2 occurs nowhere in s1,
     NULL is returned; otherwise a pointer to the first character of the first
     occurrence of s2 is returned.


EXAMPLES

     The following sets the pointer ptr to the "Bar Baz" portion of
     largestring:

           const char *largestring = "Foo Bar Baz";
           const char *smallstring = "Bar";
           char *ptr;

           ptr = strstr(largestring, smallstring);

     The following sets the pointer ptr to NULL, because only the first 4
     characters of largestring are searched:

           const char *largestring = "Foo Bar Baz";
           const char *smallstring = "Bar";
           char *ptr;

           ptr = strnstr(largestring, smallstring, 4);


SEE ALSO

     memchr(3), strchr(3), strcspn(3), strpbrk(3), strrchr(3), strsep(3),
     strspn(3), strtok(3), wcsstr(3), xlocale(3)


STANDARDS

     The strstr() function conforms to ISO/IEC 9899:1990 (``ISO C90'').

BSD                            October 11, 2001                            BSD

Mac OS X 10.8 - Generated Fri Aug 31 07:30:35 CDT 2012