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man page pcap_next_ex section 3
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man pcap_next_ex(3)
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pcap_next_ex(3)                                        pcap_next_ex(3)




NAME

       pcap_next_ex, pcap_next - read the next packet from a pcap_t


SYNOPSIS

       #include <pcap/pcap.h>

       pcap_next_ex(3) *p, struct pcap_pkthdr **pkt_header,
               const u_char **pkt_data);
       const u_char *pcap_next(pcap_t *p, struct pcap_pkthdr *h);


DESCRIPTION

       pcap_next_ex(3)  reads  the  next  packet  and returns a success/failure
       indication.  If the packet  was  read  without  problems,  the  pointer
       pointed  to  by  the  pkt_header  argument  is  set  to  point  to  the
       pcap_pkthdr struct for the packet, and the pointer pointed  to  by  the
       pkt_data  argument  is  set  to  point  to the data in the packet.  The
       struct pcap_pkthdr and the packet data are  not  to  be  freed  by  the
       caller,  and  are  not  guaranteed  to  be valid after the next call to
       pcap_next_ex(3), pcap_next(), pcap_loop(), or  pcap_dispatch();  if  the
       code needs them to remain valid, it must make a copy of them.

       pcap_next()  reads  the  next packet (by calling pcap_dispatch() with a
       cnt of 1) and returns a u_char pointer to the data in that packet.  The
       packet  data is not to be freed by the caller, and is not guaranteed to
       be  valid  after  the  next  call   to   pcap_next_ex(3),   pcap_next(),
       pcap_loop(),  or pcap_dispatch(); if the code needs it to remain valid,
       it must make a copy of it.  The pcap_pkthdr structure pointed to  by  h
       is filled in with the appropriate values for the packet.

       The  bytes of data from the packet begin with a link-layer header.  The
       format of the link-layer header is indicated by the return value of the
       pcap_datalink()  routine  when  handed  the pcap_t value also passed to
       pcap_loop() or pcap_dispatch().   http://www.tcpdump.org/linktypes.html
       lists  the  values  pcap_datalink() can return and describes the packet
       formats that correspond to those values.  The value it returns will  be
       valid  for all packets received unless and until pcap_set_datalink() is
       called; after a successful call to pcap_set_datalink(), all  subsequent
       packets  will  have  a  link-layer  header of the type specified by the
       link-layer header type value passed to pcap_set_datalink().

       Do NOT assume that the packets for a given capture or ``savefile`` will
       have any given link-layer header type, such as DLT_EN10MB for Ethernet.
       For example, the "any" device on Linux will have  a  link-layer  header
       type of DLT_LINUX_SLL even if all devices on the system at the time the
       "any" device is  opened  have  some  other  data  link  type,  such  as
       DLT_EN10MB for Ethernet.


RETURN VALUE

       pcap_next_ex(3)  returns 1 if the packet was read without problems, 0 if
       packets are being read from a live capture and the timeout expired,  -1
       if  an  error  occurred while reading the packet, and -2 if packets are
       being read from a ``savefile'' and there are no more  packets  to  read
       from  the  savefile.  If -1 is returned, pcap_geterr() or pcap_perror()
       may be called with p as an argument to fetch or display the error text.

       pcap_next()  returns  a  pointer  to  the  packet  data on success, and
       returns NULL if an error occurred, or if no packets were  read  from  a
       live  capture (if, for example, they were discarded because they didn't
       pass the packet filter, or if, on platforms that support a read timeout
       that  starts  before any packets arrive, the timeout expires before any
       packets arrive, or if the file descriptor for the capture device is  in
       non-blocking  mode  and no packets were available to be read), or if no
       more packets are available in a ``savefile.''  Unfortunately, there  is
       no way to determine whether an error occurred or not.


SEE ALSO

       pcap(3),          pcap_geterr(3),         pcap_dispatch(3),
       pcap_datalink(3)



                                13 October 2013            pcap_next_ex(3)

libpcap 1.6.2 - Generated Sat Sep 6 13:56:59 CDT 2014
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