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if_nametoindex(3)        BSD Library Functions Manual        if_nametoindex(3)


NAME

     if_nametoindex, if_indextoname, if_nameindex, if_freenameindex -- provide
     mappings between interface names and indexes


SYNOPSIS

     #include <sys/types.h>
     #include <sys/socket.h>
     #include <net/if.h>

     unsigned int
     if_nametoindex(const char *ifname);

     char *
     if_indextoname(unsigned int ifindex, char *ifname);

     struct if_nameindex *
     if_nameindex(void);

     void
     if_freenameindex(struct if_nameindex *ptr);


DESCRIPTION

     The if_nametoindex() function maps the interface name specified in ifname
     to its corresponding index.  If the specified interface does not exist,
     it returns 0.

     The if_indextoname() function maps the interface index specified in
     ifindex to it corresponding name, which is copied into the buffer pointed
     to by ifname, which must be of at least IFNAMSIZ bytes.  This pointer is
     also the return value of the function.  If there is no interface corre-
     sponding to the specified index, NULL is returned.

     The if_nameindex() function returns an array of if_nameindex structures,
     one structure per interface, as defined in the include file <net/if.h>.
     The if_nameindex structure contains at least the following entries:

         unsigned int   if_index;  /* 1, 2, ... */
         char          *if_name;   /* null terminated name: "le0", ... */

     The end of the array of structures is indicated by a structure with an
     if_index of 0 and an if_name of NULL.  A NULL pointer is returned upon an
     error.

     The if_freenameindex() function frees the dynamic memory that was allo-
     cated by if_nameindex().


RETURN VALUES

     Upon successful completion, if_nametoindex() returns the index number of
     the interface.  If the interface is not found, a value of 0 is returned
     and errno is set to ENXIO.  A value of 0 is also returned if an error
     occurs while retrieving the list of interfaces via getifaddrs(3).

     Upon successful completion, if_indextoname() returns ifname.  If the
     interface is not found, a NULL pointer is returned and errno is set to
     ENXIO.  A NULL pointer is also returned if an error occurs while retriev-
     ing the list of interfaces via getifaddrs(3).

     The if_nameindex() returns a NULL pointer if an error occurs while
     retrieving the list of interfaces via getifaddrs(3), or if sufficient
     memory cannot be allocated.


SEE ALSO

     getifaddrs(3), networking(4)


STANDARDS

     The if_nametoindex(), if_indextoname(), if_nameindex(), and
     if_freenameindex() functions conform to RFC 2553.


HISTORY

     The implementation first appeared in BSDi BSD/OS.

BSD                            November 23, 2005                           BSD

Mac OS X 10.6 - Generated Thu Sep 17 20:20:49 CDT 2009
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