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confstr(3)               BSD Library Functions Manual               confstr(3)


NAME

     confstr -- get string-valued configurable variables


LIBRARY

     Standard C Library (libc, -lc)


SYNOPSIS

     #include <unistd.h>

     size_t
     confstr(int name, char *buf, size_t len);


DESCRIPTION

     This interface is specified by POSIX.  A more flexible (but non-portable)
     interface is provided by sysctl(3).

     The confstr() function provides a method for applications to get configu-
     ration defined string values.  Shell programmers needing access to these
     parameters should use the getconf(1) utility.

     The name argument specifies the system variable to be queried.  Symbolic
     constants for each name value are found in the include file <unistd.h>.
     The len argument specifies the size of the buffer referenced by the argu-
     ment buf.  If len is non-zero, buf is a non-null pointer, and name has a
     value, up to len - 1 bytes of the value are copied into the buffer buf.
     The copied value is always null terminated.

     The available values are as follows:

     _CS_DARWIN_USER_DIR
             Provides the path to a user's folder. The directory will be cre-
             ated if it does not already exist.

             This directory is created with access permissions of 0755 and
             restricted by the umask(2) of the calling process and is not
             intended to be used for sensitive or temporary file storage, as
             all users can see files created here.  If the user's umask allows
             it, files created here will be world readable, which could lead
             to information disclosure.

     _CS_DARWIN_USER_TEMP_DIR
             Provides the path to a user's temporary items directory. The
             directory will be created it if does not already exist. This
             directory is created with access permissions of 0700 and
             restricted by the umask(2) of the calling process and is a good
             location for temporary files.

             By default, files in this location may be cleaned (removed) by
             the system if they are not accessed in 3 days.

     _CS_DARWIN_USER_CACHE_DIR
             Provides the path to the user's cache directory. The directory
             will be created if it does not already exist. This directory is
             created with access permissions of 0700 and restricted by the
             umask(2) of the calling process and is a good location for user
             cache data as it will not be automatically cleaned by the system.

             Files in this location will be removed during safe boot.

     _CS_PATH
             Return a value for the PATH environment variable that finds all
             the standard utilities.


RETURN VALUES

     If the call to confstr() is not successful, 0 is returned and errno is
     set appropriately.  Otherwise, if the variable does not have a configura-
     tion defined value, 0 is returned and errno is not modified.  Otherwise,
     the buffer size needed to hold the entire configuration-defined value is
     returned.  If this size is greater than the argument len, the string in
     buf was truncated.


ERRORS

     The confstr() function may fail and set errno for any of the errors spec-
     ified for the library functions malloc(3) and sysctl(3).

     In addition, the following errors may be reported:

     [EINVAL]           The value of the name argument is invalid.

     [ENOMEM]           Insufficient storage space is available.

     [EIO]              I/O error communicating with opendirectoryd(8).


LEGACY ERRORS

     If the call to confstr() is not successful, -1 (rather than 0) is
     returned and errno is set appropriately.


SEE ALSO

     getconf(1), pathconf(2), sysconf(3), sysctl(3)


HISTORY

     The confstr() function first appeared in 4.4BSD.

BSD                              June 18, 2001                             BSD

Mac OS X 10.9.1 - Generated Tue Jan 7 08:23:27 CST 2014
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