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catopen(3)               BSD Library Functions Manual               catopen(3)


NAME

     catopen -- open message catalog


LIBRARY

     Standard C Library (libc, -lc)


SYNOPSIS

     #include <nl_types.h>

     nl_catd
     catopen(const char *name, int oflag);


DESCRIPTION

     The catopen() function opens the message catalog specified by name and
     returns a message catalog descriptor.  If name contains a `/' then name
     specifies the full pathname for the message catalog, otherwise the value
     of the environment variable NLSPATH is used with the following substitu-
     tions:

     %N   The value of the name argument.

     %L   The value of the LANG environment variable or the LC_MESSAGES cate-
          gory (see below).

     %l   The language element from the LANG environment variable or from the
          LC_MESSAGES category.

     %t   The territory element from the LANG environment variable or from the
          LC_MESSAGES category.

     %c   The codeset element from the LANG environment variable or from the
          LC_MESSAGES category.

     %%   A single % character.

     An empty string is substituted for undefined values.

     Path names templates defined in NLSPATH are separated by colons (`:').  A
     leading or two adjacent colons is equivalent to specifying %N.

     If the oflag argument is set to the NL_CAT_LOCALE constant, LC_MESSAGES
     locale category used to open the message catalog; using NL_CAT_LOCALE
     conforms to the X/Open Portability Guide Issue 4 (``XPG4'') standard.
     You can specify 0 for compatibility with X/Open Portability Guide Issue 3
     (``XPG3''); when oflag is set to 0, the LANG environment variable deter-
     mines the message catalog locale.

     A message catalog descriptor remains valid in a process until that
     process closes it, or until a successful call to one of the exec(3) func-
     tion.


RETURN VALUES

     Upon successful completion, catopen() returns a message catalog descrip-
     tor.  Otherwise, (nl_catd) -1 is returned and errno is set to indicate
     the error.


ERRORS

     [EINVAL]           Argument name does not point to a valid message cata-
                        log, or catalog is corrupt.

     [ENAMETOOLONG]     An entire path to the message catalog exceeded 1024
                        characters.

     [ENOENT]           The named message catalog does not exists, or the name
                        argument points to an empty string.

     [ENOMEM]           Insufficient memory is available.


SEE ALSO

     gencat(1), catclose(3), catgets(3), setlocale(3)


STANDARDS

     The catopen() function conforms to IEEE Std 1003.1-2001 (``POSIX.1'').

BSD                            February 12, 2005                           BSD

Mac OS X 10.8 - Generated Sun Aug 26 15:55:40 CDT 2012
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