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btowc(3)                 BSD Library Functions Manual                 btowc(3)


NAME

     btowc, btowc_l, wctob, wctob_l -- convert between wide and single-byte
     characters


LIBRARY

     Standard C Library (libc, -lc)


SYNOPSIS

     #include <stdio.h>
     #include <wchar.h>

     wint_t
     btowc(int c);

     int
     wctob(wint_t c);

     #include <wchar.h>
     #include <xlocale.h>

     wint_t
     btowc_l(int c, locale_t loc);

     int
     wctob_l(wint_t c, locale_t loc);


DESCRIPTION

     The btowc() function converts a single-byte character into a correspond-
     ing wide character.  If the character is EOF or not valid in the initial
     shift state, btowc() returns WEOF.

     The wctob() function converts a wide character into a corresponding sin-
     gle-byte character.  If the wide character is WEOF or not able to be rep-
     resented as a single byte in the initial shift state, wctob() returns
     WEOF.

     While the btowc() and wctob() functions use the current locale, the
     btowc_l() and wctob_l() functions may be passed locales directly. See
     xlocale(3) for more information.


LEGACY SYNOPSIS

     The include file <stdio.h> is not necessary for these functions.


SEE ALSO

     mbrtowc(3), multibyte(3), wcrtomb(3), xlocale(3), compat(5)


STANDARDS

     The btowc() and wctob() functions conform to IEEE Std 1003.1-2001
     (``POSIX.1'').


HISTORY

     The btowc() and wctob() functions first appeared in FreeBSD 5.0.

BSD                             August 3, 2002                             BSD

Mac OS X 10.8 - Generated Sun Aug 26 15:46:15 CDT 2012
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