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Text::Wrap(3pm)        Perl Programmers Reference Guide        Text::Wrap(3pm)




NAME

       Text::Wrap - line wrapping to form simple paragraphs


SYNOPSIS

       Example 1

               use Text::Wrap;

               $initial_tab = "\t";    # Tab before first line
               $subsequent_tab = "";   # All other lines flush left

               print wrap($initial_tab, $subsequent_tab, @text);
               print fill($initial_tab, $subsequent_tab, @text);

               $lines = wrap($initial_tab, $subsequent_tab, @text);

               @paragraphs = fill($initial_tab, $subsequent_tab, @text);

       Example 2

               use Text::Wrap qw(wrap $columns $huge);

               $columns = 132;         # Wrap at 132 characters
               $huge = 'die';
               $huge = 'wrap';
               $huge = 'overflow';

       Example 3

               use Text::Wrap;

               $Text::Wrap::columns = 72;
               print wrap('', '', @text);


DESCRIPTION

       "Text::Wrap::wrap()" is a very simple paragraph formatter.  It formats
       a single paragraph at a time by breaking lines at word boundaries.
       Indentation is controlled for the first line ($initial_tab) and all
       subsequent lines ($subsequent_tab) independently.  Please note:
       $initial_tab and $subsequent_tab are the literal strings that will be
       used: it is unlikely you would want to pass in a number.

       "Text::Wrap::fill()" is a simple multi-paragraph formatter.  It formats
       each paragraph separately and then joins them together when it's done.
       It will destroy any whitespace in the original text.  It breaks text
       into paragraphs by looking for whitespace after a newline.  In other
       respects, it acts like wrap().

       "wrap()" compresses trailing whitespace into one newline, and "fill()"
       deletes all trailing whitespace.

       Both "wrap()" and "fill()" return a single string.

       Unlike the old Unix fmt(1) utility, this module correctly accounts for
       any Unicode combining characters (such as diacriticals) that may occur
       in each line for both expansion and unexpansion.  These are overstrike
       characters that do not increment the logical position.  Make sure you
       have the appropriate Unicode settings enabled.


OVERRIDES

       "Text::Wrap::wrap()" has a number of variables that control its
       behavior.  Because other modules might be using "Text::Wrap::wrap()" it
       is suggested that you leave these variables alone!  If you can't do
       that, then use "local($Text::Wrap::VARIABLE) = YOURVALUE" when you
       change the values so that the original value is restored.  This
       "local()" trick will not work if you import the variable into your own
       namespace.

       Lines are wrapped at $Text::Wrap::columns columns (default value: 76).
       $Text::Wrap::columns should be set to the full width of your output
       device.  In fact, every resulting line will have length of no more than
       "$columns - 1".

       It is possible to control which characters terminate words by modifying
       $Text::Wrap::break. Set this to a string such as '[\s:]' (to break
       before spaces or colons) or a pre-compiled regexp such as "qr/[\s']/"
       (to break before spaces or apostrophes). The default is simply '\s';
       that is, words are terminated by spaces.  (This means, among other
       things, that trailing punctuation  such as full stops or commas stay
       with the word they are "attached" to.)  Setting $Text::Wrap::break to a
       regular expression that doesn't eat any characters (perhaps just a
       forward look-ahead assertion) will cause warnings.

       Beginner note: In example 2, above $columns is imported into the local
       namespace, and set locally.  In example 3, $Text::Wrap::columns is set
       in its own namespace without importing it.

       "Text::Wrap::wrap()" starts its work by expanding all the tabs in its
       input into spaces.  The last thing it does it to turn spaces back into
       tabs.  If you do not want tabs in your results, set
       $Text::Wrap::unexpand to a false value.  Likewise if you do not want to
       use 8-character tabstops, set $Text::Wrap::tabstop to the number of
       characters you do want for your tabstops.

       If you want to separate your lines with something other than "\n" then
       set $Text::Wrap::separator to your preference.  This replaces all
       newlines with $Text::Wrap::separator.  If you just want to preserve
       existing newlines but add new breaks with something else, set
       $Text::Wrap::separator2 instead.

       When words that are longer than $columns are encountered, they are
       broken up.  "wrap()" adds a "\n" at column $columns.  This behavior can
       be overridden by setting $huge to 'die' or to 'overflow'.  When set to
       'die', large words will cause "die()" to be called.  When set to
       'overflow', large words will be left intact.

       Historical notes: 'die' used to be the default value of $huge.  Now,
       'wrap' is the default value.


EXAMPLES

       Code:

         print wrap("\t","",<<END);
         This is a bit of text that forms
         a normal book-style indented paragraph
         END

       Result:

         "     This is a bit of text that forms
         a normal book-style indented paragraph
         "

       Code:

         $Text::Wrap::columns=20;
         $Text::Wrap::separator="|";
         print wrap("","","This is a bit of text that forms a normal book-style paragraph");

       Result:

         "This is a bit of|text that forms a|normal book-style|paragraph"


SUBVERSION

       This module comes in two flavors: one for modern perls (5.10 and above)
       and one for ancient obsolete perls.  The version for modern perls has
       support for Unicode.  The version for old perls does not.  You can tell
       which version you have installed by looking at $Text::Wrap::SUBVERSION:
       it is "old" for obsolete perls and "modern" for current perls.

       This man page is for the version for modern perls and so that's
       probably what you've got.


SEE ALSO

       For correct handling of East Asian half- and full-width characters, see
       Text::WrapI18N(3).  For more detailed controls: Text::Format(3).


AUTHOR

       David Muir Sharnoff <cpan@dave.sharnoff.org> with help from Tim Pierce
       and many many others.


LICENSE

       Copyright (C) 1996-2009 David Muir Sharnoff.  Copyright (C) 2012-2013
       Google, Inc.  This module may be modified, used, copied, and
       redistributed at your own risk.  Although allowed by the preceding
       license, please do not publicly redistribute modified versions of this
       code with the name "Text::Wrap" unless it passes the unmodified
       Text::Wrap test suite.



perl v5.24.0                      2016-02-05                   Text::Wrap(3pm)

perl 5.24 - Generated Sat Nov 26 06:36:20 CST 2016
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