manpagez: man pages & more
man getgroups(2)
Home | html | info | man
getgroups(2)                BSD System Calls Manual               getgroups(2)


     getgroups -- get group access list


     #include <unistd.h>

     getgroups(int gidsetsize, gid_t grouplist[]);


     getgroups() gets the current group access list of the current user
     process and stores it in the array grouplist[].  The parameter gidsetsize
     indicates the number of entries that may be placed in grouplist[].
     getgroups() returns the actual number of groups returned in grouplist[].
     However, no more than {NGROUPS_MAX} will be returned. If gidsetsize is 0,
     getgroups() returns the number of groups without modifying the
     grouplist[] array.

     Calling initgroups(3) to opt-in for supplementary groups will cause
     getgroups() to return a single entry, the GID that was passed to

     To provide compatibility with applications that use getgroups() in envi-
     ronments where users may be in more than {NGROUPS_MAX} groups, a variant
     of getgroups(), obtained when compiling with either the macros
     _DARWIN_UNLIMITED_GETGROUPS or _DARWIN_C_SOURCE defined, can be used that
     is not limited to {NGROUPS_MAX} groups.  However, this variant only
     returns the user's default group access list and not the group list modi-
     fied by a call to setgroups(2) (either in the current process or an
     ancestor process).  Use of setgroups(2) is highly discouraged, and there
     is no foolproof way to determine if it has been previously called.


     A successful call returns the number of groups in the group set.  Other-
     wise, a value of -1 is returned and the global integer variable errno is
     set to indicate the error.


     The possible errors for getgroups() are:

     [EFAULT]           The argument grouplist specifies an invalid address.

     [EINVAL]           The argument gidsetsize, although non-zero, is smaller
                        than the number of groups in the group set.


     #include <sys/param.h>
     #include <sys/types.h>
     #include <unistd.h>

     The include files <sys/param.h> and <sys/types.h> are necessary.


     setgroups(2), initgroups(3), compat(5)


     The getgroups() function call appeared in 4.2BSD.

4.2 Berkeley Distribution      October 28, 2011      4.2 Berkeley Distribution

Mac OS X 10.9.1 - Generated Mon Jan 6 05:37:07 CST 2014
© 2000-2017
Individual documents may contain additional copyright information.