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xfig(1)                                                                xfig(1)


       xfig - Facility for Interactive Generation of figures under X11
       Version 3.2.8a


       xfig [options] [file]


       Xfig  is a menu-driven tool that allows the user to draw and manipulate
       objects interactively under the X Window System.  It runs under X  ver-
       sion  11 release 4 or higher and requires a two- or three-button mouse.
       file specifies the name of a file to be edited.   The  objects  in  the
       file will be read at the start of xfig.

       The  bulk  of  the documentation for xfig is in an HTML-based reference
       guide.   See  the  Help  menu  in  xfig  or  point  your   browser   at
       /opt/local/share/doc/xfig/html/index.html.   There are both English and
       Japanese versions.

       When using a two-button mouse use the <Meta> key and the  right  button
       at the same time to effect the action of the middle button.

       Xfig is available from

       The  Fig2dev package is used when printing or exporting the output from
       xfig.  The fig2dev program is automatically called by xfig as  a  back-
       end processor to produce various types of output:

       LaTeX,  Metafont,  PDF,  PostScript or Encapsulated PostScript, CGM and
       EMF (mostyl used under Windows), tk (tcl/tk tool command  language/tool
       kit  package),  SVG,  GIF, JPEG, PCX, PNG, PPM, TIFF, XBM, XPM, Gerber,
       AutoCAD Slide, IBM-GL (HP/GL), Pic and PiCTeX.  For use with TeX/LaTeX:
       box, epic, eepic, eepicemu, pict2e, pstricks, tikz.

       See man fig2dev for all options.

       The    Fig2dev    package    is    available    from    https://source-


              Print all command-line options for xfig and quit.

              Allow panning into the negative region of the canvas.   This  is
              the default

              Make  xfig  look at the timestamp on the .fig file and automati-
              cally load it and display it every time it changes.

       -bal[loon_delay] msec
              Cause popup information balloons to be delayed by msec millisec-
              onds.  The default is 500 milliseconds.

       -bol[d] font
              Cause  the  font used for displaying the file name and confirma-
              tion messages to be font (default = 8x13bold).

       -butt[on] font
              Cause the font used for most  buttons  to  be  font  (default  =

       -but_[per_row] number
              Specify  the  number  of  buttons wide the mode panel should be.
              This is useful in conjunction with  the  -pheight  parameter  to
              reduce the canvas height for small screens.

       -cbg color
              Use  color  as the background color for the canvas.  If you want
              to set the background of everything in xfig (e.g.  menus,  etc.)
              use the general -bg option.

              Set  the  print option to print the figure centered on the page.
              This is the default.

              Make centimeters the unit of choice.  See also -metric.

       -cfg color
              Use color as the default color for objects.  If you want to  set
              the  foreground of everything in xfig (e.g. menus, etc.) use the
              general -fg option.

              Normally, fig2dev uses 1/80 inch for font size  increments  (for
              historical reasons), instead of the more proper ``points'' (1/72
              inch) that xfig uses.  This option makes xfig call fig2dev  with
              the -F option to make it use points (1/72 inch).

              Turn  on debugging mode.  Prints various debugging messages like
              font names etc.

              Choose depth of visual desired.  Your server  must  support  the
              desired visual and depth chosen.  Use xdpyinfo to see what visu-
              als and depths are supported.  See also the -visual option.

              Don't allow panning into the negative region of the canvas.  The
              default is to allow panning in the negative region.

              Prevents  xfig  from  popping  up the information balloons.  See
              also -showballoons.

              Don't show lengths of lines as they are being  drawn.   This  is
              the default.

              Don't  show  axis  zero  lines on the canvas.  The default is to
              show them.

              Prevents xfig from switching to  a  private  colormap  if  there
              aren't  enough  colors  available  in the default colormap.  See
              also -max_image_colors.

       -enc[oding] encoding
              Encode character set using encoding when exporting  LaTeX  text.
              The  default  is  1.   This is used for the ISO-8859 encoding of
              character  sets.   Allowed  values  are  0  (no   encoding),   1
              (ISO-8859-1) or 2 (ISO-8859-2).

       -exportL[anguage] language
              Specifies  the  default language to be used for when exporting a
              fig file.  Choices are:

              Name              Language
              Vector formats:
              ps                PostScript
              eps               Encapsulated PostScript
              pdf               PDF (Portable Document Format)
              box               LaTeX box (figure boundary)
              latex             LaTeX picture
              pict2e            LaTeX picture + pict2e macros
              tikz              LaTeX picture + tikz macros
              epic              LaTeX picture + epic macros
              eepic             LaTeX picture + eepic macros
              eepicemu          LaTeX picture + eepicemu macros
              pstex             Combined PS/LaTeX (both PS and LaTeX parts)
              pdftex            Combined PDF/LaTeX (both PDF and LaTeX parts)
              pspdftex          Combined PS/PDF/LaTeX (three parts)
              pictex            PiCTeX macros
              cgm               Computer Graphcis Meta file
              emf               Enhanced Meta file
              dxf               Drawing Interchange format
              gbx               Gerber (RS-247-X)
              ibmgl             HPGL/2 or IBMGL
              textyl            Textyl special commands
              tpic              TPIC
              pic               PIC
              mf                MF (MetaFont)
              mp                MP (MetaPost)
              tk                Tk (Tcl/Tk toolkit)
              ptk               Perl/Tk
              shape             LaTeX shape paragraph definition
              svg               SVG (Scalable Vector Graphics)

              Bitmap formats:
              gif               GIF
              jpeg              JPEG (JFIF)
              pcx               PCX
              png               PNG
              ppm               PPM (portable pixmap package)
              sld               (AutoCad slide)
              tiff              TIFF
              xbm               X11 Bitmap
              xpm     X11 Pixmap

       -export_m[argin] width
              Set the size of the border margin around the figure for  export-
              ing  to bitmap, PostScript, Encapsulated PostScript, or HTML MAP
              formats.  This is in units of points (1/72th inch).  The default
              is 0.

              Flip  left/right mouse indicator messages for mice whose buttons
              have been switched.  The default is to NOT flip the messages.

              Set the print option  to  print  the  figure  flush  left.   The
              default is to center the figure on the page.

       -free[hand_resolution] resolution
              Set  the  resolution  of the freehand drawing mode to resolution
              pixels.  This is the number of pixels the mouse must move before
              xfig adds another point to the object being drawn.

       -geom[etry] [WxH][+X+Y]
              You  may  use  the  -geometry  option or resource to size and/or
              position the xfig window, or you may use -pwidth and/or -pheight
              to specify the canvas size in inches or centimeters.  If you use
              the -geom option to  make  the  xfig  window  smaller  than  the
              default,  you  may  have  to use the -but_per_row option to tell
              xfig to put 3 or 4 buttons per row on the left mode panel.

       -gh[ostscript] ghostscript executable
              Specify the name or path to  the  ghostscript  executable.   The
              default  is  gs.   This is needed when importing PDF or Encapsu-
              lated PostScript files. To disable calling ghostscript,  set  to
              the empty string, -ghostscript "".

       -grid_c[olor] color
              Draw the grid on the canvas in this color (default: red).

       -grid_u[nit] unit
              Only  used  when  in inches mode to choose between showing frac-
              tions or decimal inches in the rulers and grid.  Any of the fol-
              lowing may be used to force decimal inches: "ten", "tenth", "10,
              "1/10".  If any other value is used for this option, the  rulers
              will show 1/16 inch divisions.

              Start xfig with the hidden text mode for text objects.  The Hid-
              den attribute is used for figures that will be used  with  LaTeX
              and  is  applicable only to the display of the document in xfig.
              It means that the text itself is not shown  onscreen,  but  only
              the  string ``<text>''.  This is to keep long sequences of LaTeX
              formatting commands from making the screen  messy  and  hard  to
              read.  The default for the Hidden flag is off.

              Hide the depth manager panel.  The default is to show the panel.

              Show the library objects as icons.  This is  the  default.   The
              other mode is -list_view.

       -iconG[eometry] +X+Y
              Specifies the position for the icon.

       -im[age_editor] editor
              Specify  bitmap  editor  to  use  when  ``Edit Image'' button is
              pressed in Picture Object panel.

       -inc[hes] (or-imperial)
              Make inches the unit of choice.  This is the default.

              Install own colormap. Normally, xfig uses the current  colormap.

       -internalBW width
              Use lines of width width between all buttons and panels (default
              = 1).

              Switch on international support (mainly  Japanese  and  Korean),
              users  of ISO Latin 1 (ISO-8859-1) probably should not use this,
              therefore the international support is switched off  by  default
              for  locales  using  ISO-8859-1* codesets. For all other locales
              this option is already used by default.

       -jpeg[_quality] quality
              Set the quality factor for exporting to the  jpeg  format.   The
              default is 75.

       -k[eyFile] compose-key-file
              Use compose-key-file instead of CompKeyDB for compose (meta) key
              database.  If there are no ``/''s in the  name,  the  file  must
              reside  in  the  xfig  library  directory,  $XFIGLIBDIR, usually
              /usr/local/lib/X11/xfig.  If there are any ``/''s in the name it
              is  taken  as  is  (not relative to $XFIGLIBDIR).  If there is a
              leading ``~/'' in the string then the ``~'' is expanded  to  the
              user's home directory.

              Make  xfig  come up in landscape mode (10.5" x 8").  This is the
              default; however as the orientation is stored  with  Fig  files,
              when  you  load  a  Fig  file  the  orientation  will  change as
              required.  This is only true for files of version 3.0 or higher.
              See also -portrait.

              Start  xfig with LaTeX font selection.  Normally, the PostScript
              fonts are available as the default.  This flag selects the LaTeX
              fonts to start.

              Change  the position of the side panel window to the left of the
              canvas window.  This is the default.

       -library_d[ir] directory
              Specify directory where Fig object libraries are located.  There
              may be sub-directories there and sub-sub-directories, etc.

       -library_i[con_size] size
              Specify  the  size  of the icons shown for library objects.  The
              default is 60 pixels, with the minimum being 40 and the  maximum
              being 120.

              Show the library objects as a list of names. The default mode is

       -mag[nification] mag
              Set export and print magnification in %.

       -max[_image_colors] numcols
              Limit the number of colors used for imported images  to  numcols
              (default 64).

              Make  centimeters  the  unit of choice.  The option -centimeters
              may also be used.

              After xfig is started you may change the units  from  metric  to
              imperial  or  vice versa from a popup menu available by pressing
              mouse button 3 in the units box where the two rulers meet.

              Use black and white only.

              Sets multiple page mode for print or export. See also -single.

              When exporting in multiple page mode,  causes  no  overlap  from
              page to page.  This is the default.  See also -overlap.

       -nor[mal] font
              Cause  the  font  used  for the message window to be font.  This
              font is also used on the canvas when the selected  font  is  not
              available in an X11 font (default = 6x13).

              Disables  use  of  the X11R5 or OpenWindows scalable fonts.  You
              might want to use this for debugging.

              Don't show the startup splash screen.  The default is to show it
              ( -splash ).

              Turn off cursor (mouse) tracking arrows.

              When saving a drawing into an existing .fig file xfig will first
              rename that file by appending ".bak" to the name.   This  option
              disables this feature.

              When  exporting  in multiple page mode, causes overlap from page
              to page of about 10%.  See also -nooverlap.

       -pag[eborder] color
              Draw the page border on the canvas in this color (default  light
              blue).   The  page  border  is  turned on by the -showpageborder
              option (resource Fig.showpageborder), and shows the edges of the
              current export paper size.

       -pap[er_size] size
              Set the initial paper size for Export and Print.  Choices are

              Option     Paper      Size
              letter     Letter     8.5in x 11in
              legal      Legal      8.5in x 14in
              tabloid    Tabloid    17in x 11in
              a          ANSI A     8.5in x 11in
              b          ANSI B     11in x 17in
              c          ANSI C     17in x 22in
              d          ANSI D     22in x 34in
              e          ANSI E     34in x 44in
              a9         ISO A9     37mm x 52mm
              a8         ISO A8     52mm x 74mm
              a7         ISO A7     74mm x 105mm
              a6         ISO A6     105mm x 148mm
              a5         ISO A5     148mm x 210mm
              a4         ISO A4     210mm x 297mm
              a3         ISO A3     297mm x 420mm
              a2         ISO A2     420mm x 594mm
              a1         ISO A1     594mm x 840mm
              a0         ISO A0     840mm x 1189mm
              b10        JIS B10    32mm x 45mm
              b9         JIS B9     45mm x 64mm
              b8         JIS B8     64mm x 91mm
              b7         JIS B7     91mm x 128mm
              b6         JIS B6     128mm x 182mm
              b5         JIS B5     182mm x 257mm
              b4         JIS B4     257mm x 364mm
              b3         JIS B3     364mm x 515mm
              b2         JIS B2     515mm x 728mm
              b1         JIS B1     728mm x 1030mm
              b0         JIS B0     1030mm x 1456mm

              Note  that  this  doesn't affect the size of the drawing canvas.
              Use the -pheight and -pwidth options for that.

       -ph[eight] height
              Make the xfig canvas height high (where height is either  cm  or
              in, depending on the -metric setting).

              Make  xfig come up in portrait mode (8.5" x 9").  See note about
              landscape mode.

       -pw[idth] width
              Make the xfig canvas width wide (where width is either cm or in,
              depending on the -metric setting).

              Change the position of the side panel window to the right of the
              canvas window (default: left).

              Start xfig with the rigid text mode for text objects.  The Rigid
              attribute  forces  text to remain the same size even if inside a
              compound object that is scaled up or down.  The default is  off.

              Set  the  height(width)  of the top(side) rulers in pixels.  The
              default (and minimum) is 24.

              Allows use of the X11R5 or OpenWindows scalable fonts  (this  is
              the  default).  If the scalable fonts aren't available xfig will
              automatically switch to non-scaling fonts.

       -scale_factor scale
              Scale every figure read in by this value.   This  is  useful  in
              conjunction  with the -update option to do batch scaling of fig-

              Show all the xfig indicator buttons instead of only those  rele-
              vant  to  the  current drawing mode.  Normally, the buttons line
              width, area-fill, grid mode, text size, etc.  are  only  visible
              when  they  are  relevant  to  the  current  drawing  mode.  The
              -showallbuttons option makes all of the indicator buttons  visi-
              ble  at  all  times.  This takes up more screen real estate, but
              allows the user to see all settable parameters.

              Forces xfig to pop up the information balloons  when  the  mouse
              passws  over  a button. This is the default. See also -dontshow-
              balloons .

              Show the depth manager panel.  This panel lets one show or  hide
              objects at various depths.  This is the default.

              Makes  xfig  show  the lengths of lines being drawn, in red text
              near the line itself.  Also, when points are moved or added.  In
              addition, imagine a triangle formed with the line segment as the
              hypotenuse, and a vertical and horizontal line forming the other
              two  sides.  These lines and their lengths are also drawn in red
              as the point is moved or added.  This mode is ignored when draw-
              ing in freehand mode.
              This flag may be toggled by pressing <Meta>i (default).

              With  this  option, xfig will draw all objects with a red number
              next to each vertex.  This is generally only useful  for  debug-

              Makes  xfig  show  the  border  of the current paper size in the
              color specified by the -pageborder option (default: light blue).

              Show axis zero lines on the canvas.  This is the default

              Sets single page mode for print or export.  This is the default.
              See also -multiple.

       -sm[ooth_factor] factor
              Enable smoothing when exporting to the bitmap formats (e.g. GIF,
              PNG,  etc.).  The  allowed  values  are 0 (no smoothing), 2 or 4
              (most smoothing).  This parameter is passed  to  ghostscript  in
              the  -dTextAlphaBits  -dGraphicsAlphaBits  options to smooth the

              Start xfig with the TeX text mode for text objects.  This  means
              that  characters that have a special meaning to TeX/LaTeX, e.g.,
              '$' or '\', are not  quoted  but  left  untouched  in  the  text
              string.   This  is  most useful for writing LaTeX equations.  If
              this flag is not  set,  then  the  backslash  character  '\'  is
              changed  to the \backslash command, a brace '{' is turned into a
              brace command \{, etc.

       -spel[lcheckcommand] command
              Use command for the external spell checking program  when  using
              the spell check/search/replace popup.  The string command should
              include the string ``%s'' which is replaced by a temporary file-
              name.  Default is ``spell %s''.

       -spinner_d[elay] msec
              The  delay  (in  milliseconds) before the spinner will automati-
              cally count up or down when the button is pressed.  Spinners are
              the  (numeric)  text  widgets  with an up- and down-arrow, which
              when clicked, cause the  value  to  be  incremented/decremented.
              The default is 500 milliseconds.

       -spinner_r[rate] msec
              The  rate (in milliseconds) at which the spinner will count when
              the up- or down-arrow is pressed.

       -startfi[llstyle] stylenumber
              Set the starting fill style for area fill (-1 to 21).

       -startfo[ntsize] pointsize
              Set the default font size for text objects (default = 12pt).

       -startg[ridmode] modenumber
              Set the starting grid mode (0 to 3).  Mode 0  is  no  grid.   In
              imperial  (inches)  mode, grid mode 1 is 1/4 inch, mode 2 is 1/2
              inch and mode 3 is 1 inch.  In metric mode, grid mode 1 is  2mm,
              mode 2 is 5mm and mode 3 is 1cm.

       -startla[texFont] font
              Set the starting font name for LaTeX fonts.

       -startli[newidth] width
              Set the starting line width.

       -startpo[snmode] modenumber
              Set  the  starting  point  positioning mode (0 to 4) In imperial
              (inches) mode, positioning mode 0 is ``any'',  mode  1  is  1/16
              inch,  mode  2  is  1/4 inch, mode 3 is 1/2 inch and mode 4 is 1
              inch.  In metric mode, mode 0 is ``any'', mode 1 is 1mm, mode  2
              is 5mm, mode 3 is 10mm and mode 4 is 20mm.

       -startp[sFont] font
              Set the starting font name for PostScript fonts.

       -startt[extstep] stepsize
              Set the starting text step.

              Specifies  that  xfig should use the input tablet instead of the
              mouse for drawing.  You must have the XInputExtension in your  X
              server  and  an  input  tablet for this to work.  Also, you must
              modify the Imakefile to include the USETAB and TABLIB variables.

              Turn on cursor (mouse) tracking arrows (default).

       -tran[sparent_color] color_number
              Make  the  transparent  color for GIF export color_number.  This
              number is the color number according to the  xfig  color  panel,
              starting at 0 (black) and ending at 31 (gold), or may be a user-
              defined color number, which is 32 or higher.

       -update file [ file ... ]
              Run xfig in an "update" mode, where it will read each  Fig  file
              specified  on  the command line and write it out to the original
              file, in the current file format for the version of  xfig  being
              run.   The  original  Fig file will be preserved with the suffix
              .bak attached to the name.
              In this mode, xfig doesn't connect the X server, so no window is
              opened, and it exits when finished.

       -users[cale] scale
              Set  the multiplier for displayed line lengths etc.  This factor
              is multiplied by the actual length, radius or  diameter  of  the
              object  currently  being  drawn on the canvas.  It is useful for
              making scale drawings, where e.g. 1 inch = 1 foot  (userscale  =
              12.0) or 1cm = 1m (userscale = 100.0).

       -useru[nit] units
              The  units  string  is  printed with the length information when
              drawing objects.  For example if the userscale  =  1.0  and  the
              userunit  =  ft then a line which is 3 inches long on the canvas
              would be displayed as ``length = 3 ft'' when it is being  drawn.

              After  xfig  is  started  you  may  change the userscale and the
              userunit from a popup menu available by pressing mouse button  3
              in the units box where the two rulers meet.

       -visual visualname
              Use  visualname as the visual for xfig.  The names are TrueColor
              (case is not important), StaticColor,  DirectColor,  StaticGray,
              GrayScale  and PseudoColor.  xfig uses the default visual unless
              this is specified.  Your server must support the desired visual.
              Use  xdpyinfo to see what visuals and depths are supported.  See
              also the -depth option.

              When saving a drawing into an existing .fig file xfig will first
              rename that file by appending

       -zoom zoomscale
              Set the starting zoom scale.


       The  overall  widget  name(Class) is xfig(Fig).  These resources corre-
       spond to the command line arguments:

    Name                Type    Default         Command-line equivalent
    allownegcoords      boolean true            -allownegcoords (true),
                                                -dontallownegcoords (false)
    autorefresh         boolean false           -autorefresh
    axislines           string  pink            -axislines
    balloon_delay       integer 500 (ms)        -balloon_delay
    boldFont            string  8x13bold        -bold
    but_per_row         integer 2               -but_per_row
    buttonFont          string  6x13            -button
    canvasbackground    string  white           -cbg
    canvasforeground    string  black           -cfg
    correctfontsize     boolean false           -correctfontsize
    debug               boolean false           -debug
    depth               integer *               -depth
    dontswitchcmap      boolean false           -dontswitchcmap
    euc_encoding        boolean false           (n/a)
    locale_encoding     boolean false           (n/a)
    encoding            integer 1               -encoding
    save8bit            boolean false           (n/a)
    exportLanguage      string  eps             -exportLanguage
    export_margin       integer 0               -export_margin
    flipvisualhints     boolean false           -flipvisualhints
    flushleft           boolean false           -flushleft (true),
                                                -center (false)
    freehand_resolution integer 25              -freehand_resolution
    grid_color          string  black           -grid_color
    grid_unit           string  1/16 (inch)     -grid_unit
                                0.1 (metric)
    hiddentext          boolean false           -hiddentext
    icon_view           boolean true            -icon_view (true),
                                                -list_view (false)
    image_editor        string  xv              -image_editor
    inches              boolean true            -inches (true),
                                                -imperial (true),
                                                -centimeters (false),
                                                -metric (false)
    installowncmap      boolean false           -installowncmap
    internalborderwidth integer 1               -internalBW
    international       boolean false           -international
    jpeg_quality        integer 75              -jpeg_quality
    justify             boolean false           -left (false),
                                                -right (true)
    keyFile             string  CompKeyDB       -keyFile
    landscape           boolean true            -Landscape (true),
                                                -landscape (true),
                                                -Portrait (false),
                                                -portrait (false)
    latexfonts          boolean false           -latexfonts
    library_dir         string  ~/xfiglib       -library_dir
    magnification       float   100             -magnification
    max_image_colors    integer 64              -max_image_colors
    monochrome          boolean false           -monochrome
    multiple            boolean false           -multiple
    normalFont          string  6x13            -normal
    overlap             boolean true            -overlap (true),
                                                -nooverlap (false)
    pageborder          string  lightblue       -pageborder
    paper_size          string  Letter (inch)   -paper_size
                                A4 (metric)
    pheight             float   8.5 (landscape) -pheight
                                9.5 (portrait)
    pwidth              float   11 (landscape)  -pwidth
                                8.5 (portrait)
    rigidtext           boolean false           -rigid (true)
    rulerthick          integer 24              -rulerthick
    scalablefonts       boolean true            -scalablefonts (true),
                                                -noscalablefonts (false)
    scale_factor        float   1.0             -scale_factor
    showallbuttons      boolean false           -showallbuttons
    showaxislines       boolean true            -showaxislines (true),
                                                -dontshowaxislines (false)
    showballoons        boolean true            -showballoons (true),
                                                -dontshowballoons (false)
    showdepthmanager    boolean true            -showdepthmanager (true),
                                                -dontshowdepthmanager (false)
    showlengths         boolean false           -showlengths (true),
                                                -dontshowlengths (false)
    shownums            boolean false           -shownums (true),
                                                -dontshownums (false)
    showpageborder      boolean true            -showpageborder (true),
                                                -dontshowpageborder (false)
    single              boolean true            -single
    smooth_factor       integer 0               -smooth_factor
    specialtext         boolean false           -specialtext
    splash              boolean true            -splash (true),
                                                -nosplash (false)
    spellcheckcommand   string  spell %s        -spellcheckcommand
    spinner_delay       integer 500 (ms)        -spinner_delay
    spinner_rate        integer 100 (ms)        -spinner_rate
    startfillstyle      integer 0               -startfillstyle
    startfontsize       float   12              -startfontsize
    startgridmode       integer 0               -startgridmode
    startlatexFont      string  Default         -startlatexFont
    startlinewidth      integer 1               -startlinewidth
    startposnmode       integer 1               -startposnmode
    startpsFont         string  Times-Roman     -startpsFont
    starttextstep       float   1.2             -starttextstep
    tablet              boolean false           -track,
    trackCursor         boolean true            -track (true),
                                                -notrack (false)
    transparent_color   integer -2 (none)       -transparent_color
    userscale           float   1.0             -userscale
    userunit            string  in (inches)     -userunit
                                cm (metric)
    visual              string  *               -visual
    write_bak           boolean true            -write_bak
    zoom                float   1.0             -zoom

    * Default visual and depth depend on the X server. Use xdpyinfo
    to see what visuals and depths are supported.


       Please send bug reports, fixes, new features etc. to:

       Because of the difference of some fonts in some X servers and the Post-
       Script fonts on printers, text alignment can be problematic.

       Not  all operations employ smart redrawing of objects which are altered
       as a by product of the operation.  You may need to use Redraw in  these

       If  the  image  is panned or the xfig window iconified and de-iconified
       during the middle of an operation (e.g. while drawing a line), the pic-
       ture  will  be distorted.  This can be corrected using Redraw after the
       operation is complete.

       When zoomed very large, the length of dashes in dashed lines  will  top
       out  at  255  pixels  long.  This is due to a restriction in X that the
       dash list is defined by char (255 pixels maximum for a dash).  The fig-
       ure will print correctly, however.

       When  you  do  a copy/rotate with multiple copies, only the creation of
       the last object can be undone with the Undo button.

       Modifications to text using the popup search/update/replace/spell check
       panel cannot be undone.


       fig2dev(1) (Fig2dev package)

       gs(1) (Ghostscript PostScript previewer)


       (From  the  original  author, Supoj Sutanthavibul): Many thanks goes to
       Professor Donald E. Fussell who inspired the creation of this tool.

       (From Brian Smith): Thanks to all the users  who  have  contributed  to
       xfig,  especially Paul King who, besides adding many features, revamped
       the look and feel which became version 2.1.


       Original Copyright (c) 1985 by Supoj Sutanthavibul
       Parts Copyright (c) 1989-2015 by Brian V. Smith
       Parts Copyright (c) 1991 by Paul King
       Parts Copyright (c) 2016-2018 by Thomas Loimer
       Other Copyrights may be found in various files

       Any party obtaining a copy of these files is granted, free of charge, a
       full  and  unrestricted irrevocable, world-wide, paid up, royalty-free,
       nonexclusive right and license to deal in this software and  documenta-
       tion files (the "Software"), including without limitation the rights to
       use, copy, modify, merge, publish and/or distribute copies of the Soft-
       ware,  and  to permit persons who receive copies from any such party to
       do so, with the only  requirement  being  that  this  copyright  notice
       remain intact.


       PostScript is a trademark of Adobe Systems Incorporated.

       Parts Copyright (C) 1989 by Jef Poskanzer.
       Copyright notice for pbmplus code:

       Permission to use, copy, modify, and distribute this
       software and its documentation for any purpose and without
       fee is hereby granted, provided that the above copyright
       notice appear in all copies and that both that copyright
       notice and this permission notice appear in supporting
       documentation.  This software is provided ``as is'' without
       express or implied warranty.


               Data base of compose (meta) key sequences for 8-bit characters.
               A different file may be specified with the command line  option
               -keyFile or X toolkit resource keyFile.

               This directory contains the html documentation.

               Description of Fig file format.

               This  directory contains libraries of Fig objects such as elec-
               trical symbols, logic symbols, etc.

               Application defaults file.

               Desktop entry file.

               Desktop icon.


       Many people have contributed to xfig.  Here is a list of the people who
       have contributed the most (in chronological order):

       Version 1:

           Original author:
           Supoj Sutanthavibul, University of Texas at Austin

           The LaTeX line drawing modes were contributed by:
           Frank Schmuck, Cornell University

           Original X11 port by:
           Ken Yap, Rochester

           Variable window sizes, cleanup of X11 port, right hand side panel:
           Dana Chee, Bellcore

           Cleanup of color port to X11 by:
           John T. Kohl, MIT

       Version 2.0:

           Area  fill,  multiple  line  thicknesses,  multiple  fonts and font
           sizes, bottom panel, line style/thickness, (and anything else  that
           wasn't written by the others) by:
           Brian Smith
           (standard disclaimer applies)

           Popup change-object menu by:
           Jon Tombs
           Frank Schmuck

           Zooming and panning functions, shift key select mechanism by:
           Dieter Pellkofer
           Henning Spruth

           Depth feature by:
           Mike Lutz

           Cut/Paste by:
           Tom Tkacik

       Version 2.1:

           Indicator  panel,  file  menu popup, print menu popup, panning with
           rulers, mouse function window, regular  polygon,  rubberbanding  of
           circles/ellipses,  filled  splines on canvas, dashed/dotted splines
           on canvas, update button,  arbitrary  angle  rotation  of  objects,
           alignment  in compound, object scaling, constrained copy/move, cor-
           ner markers for compound, context sensitive corner markers, smarter
           redraw,  undo  for compound and point move for boxes, cancel object
           creation, point positioning to three resolutions, TransFig scalable
           text, hidden text, special text, save of figure on crash by:

           Paul King (
           with help from:
           Brian Smith and Micah Beck (

           Encapsulated PostScript importing by:
           Brian Boyter

           Pan/zoom with ctrl key/mouse by:
           Henning Spruth

           International characters by:
           Herve Soulard

           Directory Browser based on XDir by:
           Win Treese, Digital Equipment Corporation

           Rotated ellipses by:
           James  Tough,  Dept.  of  Computer Science, Heriot-Watt University,

           Rotated text from the xvertext package by:
           Alan Richardson, Space Science Centre, School of  MAPS,  University
           of Sussex

           Popup scale menu and dynamic switching between inches and cm by:
           Paul King (

           Extensive man page formatting revisions by:
           David W. Sanderson

           Display Postscript code for IBM RS/6000 by:
           Dave Hale (

       Version 3.0:

           New  arrowhead  types, separate pen/fill colors, new file protocol,
           more colors with extended color popup panel,  new  arc  style,  new
           fill  patterns  (bricks, etc), new line join and cap styles, export
           offset and file load offset, XPM import, XBM import and export (and
           anything else that wasn't written by the others) by:
           Brian Smith
           (Note:  the  color  popup  panel was based on xcoloredit by Richard

           GIF header reading code by:
           David Koblas from the giftoppm part of the pbmplus package

           XPM export code (using XPM3 libraries) by:
           Karel van Houten (

           Higher figure resolution (1200dpi) by:
           Ross Martin (

           Color quantization using neural network by:
           Anthony Dekker (
           [NEUQUANT Neural-Net  quantization  algorithm  by  Anthony  Dekker,
           1994.   See  ``Kohonen neural networks for optimal colour quantiza-
           tion'' in ``Network: Computation in Neural Systems'' Vol. 5  (1994)
           pp 351-367.  for a discussion of the algorithm.]

           Floyd-Steinberg  algorithm for dithering color images on monochrome
           displays lifted from the Pbmplus package by Jef Poskanser.

           rotate/flip objects around/about selected anchor point and multiple
           copies of objects by:
           Uwe Bonnes (

           Input tablet extension by:
           Greg LaCoste (

       Version 3.1:

           The only difference between protocol version 3.0 and version 3.1 is
           that the position of the ``magnet'' has  been  shifted  by  14  fig
           units.   In the 2.1 and older versions of xfig the grid was in mul-
           tiples of 5 fig units, but they were on intervals  4,  9,  14,  19,
           etc.   When version 3.0 was created, coordinates were simply multi-
           plied by the ratio of the resolutions (1200/80 = 15) so values like
           4 became 60 instead of 74 ((4+1)*15 - 1).

           The  JPEG  import/export code uses the Independent JPEG Group soft-
           ware (see jpeg/README for details)

           Image browser, editor and screen capture features by:
           Jim Daley (

       Version 3.2:

           The changes to the version 3.2 file protocol are  the  addition  of
           the  paper  size,  print/export magnification, single/multiple page
           indicator and a transparent color name used for GIF export  to  the
           header of the file.
           The  other difference in the version 3.2 protocol is the mathemati-
           cal model used for splines. The new version  uses  X-splines  which
           allows  the user to mix interpolation and approximation points in a
           same curve. More precisely, it means that an X-spline curve is nei-
           ther  an  interpolated  spline  nor an approximated one, it is BOTH
           (the behaviour of each point is controlled by one single  parameter
           called  ``shape  factor'').  For  additional  information  about X-
           splines, see:

             "X-Splines: A Spline Model Designed for the End User"
             by C. Blanc and C. Schlick, Proceedings of SIGGRAPH'95

           Caveat: Because previous spline  models  (quadratic  B-splines  and
           Bezier with hidden points) are no longer supported, curves that are
           present in version 3.1 and older files are automatically  converted
           to  X-splines.   This translation is only an approximation process.
           It means that the converted curves are not exactly the same as  the
           original  ones.  Though they are usually very close, some hand-fit-
           ting may be needed in some pathological cases.

           Inclusion of X-splines by:
           Carole Blanc (
           Christophe Schlick (
           Note: the initial implementation was done by C. Feuille,  S.  Gros-
           bois,  L.  Maziere and L. Minihot as a student practice (Universite
           Bordeaux, France).

           Open/close compound feature written by
           Bill Taylor (

           Library feature written by
           Stephane Mancini ( (object preview by Brian
           V. Smith)

           The library objects in the Electrical and Logic libraries were done
           Peter Hiscocks (

           The library objects in the Computer, Networks, and  Hospital-Equip-
           ment libraries were extracted from the clipart example files by
           Bill Chimiak (

       Version 3.2.3 and newer:

           Please see the CHANGES file for credits for newer releases.


       Many bug fixes/cleanups etc. by a host of faithful users.

       See the CHANGES file for all the credits.

       The  Fig2dev  package  was  written  by Micah Beck and is maintained by
       Thomas Loimer.

Xfig 3.2.8a                        Mar 2021                            xfig(1)

xfig 3.2.8a - Generated Wed Apr 7 19:11:48 CDT 2021
© 2000-2021
Individual documents may contain additional copyright information.