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smbsh(1)                                                              smbsh(1)




NAME

       smbsh - Allows access to remote SMB shares using UNIX commands


SYNOPSIS

       smbsh [-W workgroup] [-U username] [-P prefix]
             [-R <name resolve order>] [-d <debug level>] [-l logdir]
             [-L libdir]



DESCRIPTION

       This tool is part of the samba(7) suite.


       smbsh allows you to access an NT filesystem using UNIX commands such as
       ls,  egrep, and rcp. You must use a shell that is dynamically linked in
       order for smbsh to work correctly.



OPTIONS

       -W WORKGROUP
              Override the default workgroup specified in the workgroup param-
              eter of the smb.conf(5) file for this session. This may be need-
              ed to connect to some servers.


       -U username[%pass]
              Sets  the  SMB username or username and password. If this option
              is not specified, the user will be prompted for both  the  user-
              name  and the password. If %pass is not specified, the user will
              be prompted for the password.


       -P prefix
              This option allows the user to set the directory prefix for  SMB
              access. The default value if this option is not specified issmb.


       -s <configuration file>
              The file specified contains the configuration  details  required
              by the server. The information in this file includes server-spe-
              cific information such as what printcap file to use, as well  as
              descriptions  of all the services that the server is to provide.
              See smb.conf for more  information.  The  default  configuration
              file name is determined at compile time.


       -d|--debug=debuglevel
              debuglevel is an integer from 0 to 10. The default value if this
              parameter is not specified is zero.

              The higher this value, the more detail will be logged to the log
              files about the activities of the server. At level 0, only crit-
              ical errors and serious warnings will be logged. Level  1  is  a
              reasonable  level  for day-to-day running - it generates a small
              amount of information about operations carried out.

              Levels above 1 will generate considerable amounts of  log  data,
              and  should  only  be  used when investigating a problem. Levels
              above 3 are designed for use only  by  developers  and  generate
              HUGE amounts of log data, most of which is extremely cryptic.

              Note  that  specifying this parameter here will override the log
              level parameter in the smb.conf file.


       -R <name resolve order>
              This option is used to determine what  naming  services  and  in
              what  order  to  resolve  host names to IP addresses. The option
              takes a space-separated string of different name resolution  op-
              tions.

              The  options  are:  "lmhosts",  "host", "wins" and "bcast". They
              cause names to be resolved as follows :



              o  lmhosts: Lookup an IP address in the Samba lmhosts  file.  If
                 the  line in lmhosts has no name type attached to the NetBIOS
                 name (see the  lmhosts(5)for  details)  then  any  name  type
                 matches for lookup.

              o  host: Do a standard host name to IP address resolution, using
                 the system /etc/hosts, NIS, or DNS lookups.  This  method  of
                 name  resolution  is operating system dependent, for instance
                 on IRIX or Solaris this may be controlled  by  the  /etc/nss-
                 witch.conf   file). Note that this method is only used if the
                 NetBIOS name type being queried is  the  0x20  (server)  name
                 type, otherwise it is ignored.

              o  wins:  Query  a  name  with the IP address listed in the wins
                 server parameter. If no WINS server has been  specified  this
                 method will be ignored.

              o  bcast:  Do  a broadcast on each of the known local interfaces
                 listed in the interfaces parameter. This is the  least  reli-
                 able of the name resolution methods as it depends on the tar-
                 get host being on a locally connected subnet.

       If this parameter is not set then the name resolve order defined in the
       smb.conf file parameter (name resolve order) will be used.

       The default order is lmhosts, host, wins, bcast. Without this parameter
       or any entry in the name resolve order parameter of the smb.conf  file,
       the name resolution methods will be attempted in this order.


       -L libdir
              This  parameter  specifies  the location of the shared libraries
              used by smbsh. The default value is specified at compile time.



EXAMPLES

       To use the smbsh command, execute  smbsh from the prompt and enter  the
       username and password that authenticates you to the machine running the
       Windows NT operating system.

       system% smbsh
       Username: user
       Password: XXXXXXX



       Any dynamically linked command you execute from this shell will  access
       the  /smb directory using the smb protocol. For example, the command ls
       /smb  will show a list of workgroups. The commandls /smb/MYGROUP   will
       show  all the machines in the workgroup MYGROUP. The commandls /smb/MY-
       GROUP/<machine-name> will show the share names for  that  machine.  You
       could  then, for example, use the  cd command to change directories, vi
       to edit files, and rcp to copy files.



VERSION

       This man page is correct for version 3.0 of the Samba suite.



BUGS

       smbsh works by intercepting the standard libc calls with the dynamical-
       ly loaded versions in  smbwrapper.o. Not all calls have been "wrapped",
       so some programs may not function correctly under smbsh .


       Programs which are not dynamically linked cannot make  use  of  smbsh's
       functionality.  Most versions of UNIX have a file command that will de-
       scribe how a program was linked.



SEE ALSO

       smbd(8), smb.conf(5)



AUTHOR

       The original Samba software and related utilities were created  by  An-
       drew  Tridgell.  Samba  is  now  developed by the Samba Team as an Open
       Source project similar to the way the Linux kernel is developed.


       The original Samba man pages were written by Karl Auer.  The  man  page
       sources  were converted to YODL format (another excellent piece of Open
       Source software, available at ftp://ftp.icce.rug.nl/pub/unix/) and  up-
       dated  for  the  Samba 2.0 release by Jeremy Allison. The conversion to
       DocBook for Samba 2.2 was done by Gerald Carter. The conversion to Doc-
       Book XML 4.2 for Samba 3.0 was done by Alexander Bokovoy.




                                                                      smbsh(1)

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