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rpl(1)                                                                  rpl(1)


       rpl (RePLace) - replace strings in multiple files




       rpl [-iwRspfdtx [-q|-v]] <old_str> <new_str> <target_file(s)>


       rpl  replaces  old_str with new_str in all target files. It returns the
       number of strings replaced or a system error code (non-zero)  if  there
       is an error.

       Note  that you should put strings in single quotes if they contain spa-
       ces. You must also escape all shell meta-characters. It's a  good  idea
       to put ALL strings in single quotes.

       rpl  will  attempt to maintain the owner, group and permissions of your
       original files. For safety, rpl creates  a  temporary  file  and  makes
       changes  to that file. It then moves the temporary file over the origi-
       nal file.  rpl sets the owner, group, and permissions of the  new  file
       to  match  those  of the original file.  In some circumstances rpl will
       not be able to do this (such as when a file is owned by  the  superuser
       but you have group write permission).  In these cases rpl will warn you
       that the owner/group or permissions cannot be set and that file will be
       skipped,  unless  you  use  the force (-f) option. Note that the use of
       temp files in predictable, world-writeable locations could lead to sym-
       link  attacks.  Ideally you should set the $TMPDIR environment variable
       to a private directory readable and writeable  only  by  you.  This  is
       especially important if running rpl as root. You have been warned!

       Normally,  rpl  will  change the modification time of all files it pro-
       cesses like any other program. However, you may instruct  rpl  to  keep
       the  original  modification  times using the -d (Don't alter mod-times)

       You can specify file suffixes to be searched using the -x  option.  Any
       files  that do not match the specified suffixes will not be searched or
       modified. The -x option may be used more  than  once  to  tell  rpl  to
       search  files  with  varying  suffixes. For instance, say you wanted to
       search all of your ".html", ".htm", and ".php" files you would add

       " -x'.html' -x'.htm' -x'.php' "

       to your command line.  rpl would then skip any files that did  not  end
       with these suffixes. This is mainly useful when doing recursive search-
       ing (-R option).


       -i     Ignore case of old_str
              rpl will match the old_str in the searched  file  regardless  of
              the case. The case of new_str will not be altered.

       -w     Whole words (old_str bounded by white space in file)
              rpl  will  only match old_str if it is bounded by the start of a
              line, a space, a tab, or the end of a line.

       -q     Quiet mode (no output at all)
              Good for shell scripts, etc.

       -v     Verbose mode (lots of output)
              rpl will list the name of each file and directory, and the  line
              numbers that contain matches.

       -R     Search directories recursively
              rpl  will scan every file and every directory recursively. With-
              out this option directories will be skipped.

       -x     Specify file suffixes to search. (e.g. ".html", ".c", etc.)  May
              be used multiple times. See above for details.

       -p     Prompt for each file
              rpl  will  prompt  you before scanning each file. If you respond
              'N' or 'n' rpl will skip that file and move on to the next file.
              The default action if you press enter is to process the file.

       -s     Simulation mode
              rpl  will scan all of the files and list the names of files that
              it would modify if a replace operation was executed. If you turn
              on  the  verbose (-v) option as well rpl will list the line num-
              bers where the string is matched.

       -e     Honor Escapes
              rpl will honor escape sequences in  old_string  and  "e(carriage
              Standard  escapes  such  as "" (tab), "0 (newline), "
              return) are processed, as well as any octal or hexidecimal ASCII
              codes.  Octal  ASCII  codes start with a '' and are comprised of
              three digits [0-7] (e.g. ' 15'). Hexidecimal ASCII  codes  start
              with  ' x'  followed  by two characters [0-f] (e.g. ' x0d'). The
              'x' and the [a-f] may be upper or lowercase. When you  use  this
              switch  you  must  escape  all  backslash  ('')  characters with
              another backslash (e.g. '\').

       -f     Force mode
              rpl will overwrite files even if the owner,  group,  or  permis-
              sions  of  the  new file will not match the original. Obviously,
              rpl cannot overwrite files if the user does not have write  per-

       -d     Don't change modification times
              rpl  will  process  files,  but keep their original modification

       -t     Use $TMPDIR for temporary files
              Causes rpl to write temporary files to the  directory  specified
              by  the environment variable $TMPDIR instead of writing the temp
              files to the original file dir. (See note  above  about  symlink
              attacks and temp files.)

       -L     Display the software license
              This  displays  the  software license that you agree to by using

       -h     Display a brief summary of options


       Report bugs to


       Grep pattern matching.

       An option to backup the original file.

       If you would like to see this or  other  enhancements  send  e-mail  to


       Original code:
              Joe Laffey <>

       Other contributors include:
              Devrim Erdem <>
              Many thanks to the beta testers who sent in valuable feedback!

LAFFEY Computer Imaging          July 22, 2002                          rpl(1)

rpl 1.4.1 - Generated Sun Sep 28 10:36:47 CDT 2008
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