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printf(1)                        User Commands                       printf(1)


       printf - format and print data


       printf FORMAT [ARGUMENT]...
       printf OPTION


       Print ARGUMENT(s) according to FORMAT, or execute according to OPTION:

       --help display this help and exit

              output version information and exit

       FORMAT controls the output as in C printf.  Interpreted sequences are:

       \"     double quote

       \\     backslash

       \a     alert (BEL)

       \b     backspace

       \c     produce no further output

       \e     escape

       \f     form feed

       \n     new line

       \r     carriage return

       \t     horizontal tab

       \v     vertical tab

       \NNN   byte with octal value NNN (1 to 3 digits)

       \xHH   byte with hexadecimal value HH (1 to 2 digits)

       \uHHHH Unicode (ISO/IEC 10646) character with hex value HHHH (4 digits)

              Unicode character with hex value HHHHHHHH (8 digits)

       %%     a single %

       %b     ARGUMENT as a string with '\' escapes interpreted,  except  that
              octal escapes are of the form \0 or \0NNN

       and  all C format specifications ending with one of diouxXfeEgGcs, with
       ARGUMENTs converted to proper type first.  Variable widths are handled.

       NOTE:  your  shell  may  have  its own version of printf, which usually
       supersedes the version described here.  Please refer  to  your  shell's
       documentation for details about the options it supports.


       Written by David MacKenzie.


       GNU coreutils online help: <>
       Report printf translation bugs to <>


       Copyright (C) 2015 Free Software Foundation, Inc.  License GPLv3+:  GNU
       GPL version 3 or later <>.
       This  is  free  software:  you  are free to change and redistribute it.
       There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.



       Full documentation at: <>
       or available locally via: info '(coreutils) printf invocation'

GNU coreutils 8.24                 July 2015                         printf(1)

coreutils 8.24 - Generated Sat Jul 11 15:46:06 CDT 2015
© 2000-2015
Individual documents may contain additional copyright information.