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perlfaq2(1)            Perl Programmers Reference Guide            perlfaq2(1)




NAME

       perlfaq2 - Obtaining and Learning about Perl


DESCRIPTION

       This section of the FAQ answers questions about where to find source
       and documentation for Perl, support, and related matters.

   What machines support perl? Where do I get it?
       The standard release of perl (the one maintained by the perl
       development team) is distributed only in source code form. You can find
       the latest releases at http://www.cpan.org/src/README.html .

       Perl builds and runs on a bewildering number of platforms. Virtually
       all known and current Unix derivatives are supported (perl's native
       platform), as are other systems like VMS, DOS, OS/2, Windows, QNX,
       BeOS, OS X, MPE/iX and the Amiga.

       Binary distributions for some proprietary platforms can be found
       http://www.cpan.org/ports/ directory. Because these are not part of the
       standard distribution, they may and in fact do differ from the base
       perl port in a variety of ways. You'll have to check their respective
       release notes to see just what the differences are. These differences
       can be either positive (e.g. extensions for the features of the
       particular platform that are not supported in the source release of
       perl) or negative (e.g. might be based upon a less current source
       release of perl).

   How can I get a binary version of perl?
       (contributed by brian d foy)

       ActiveState: Windows, Linux, Mac OS X, Solaris, AIX and HP-UX

               http://www.activestate.com/

       Sunfreeware.com: Solaris 2.5 to Solaris 10 (SPARC and x86)

               http://www.sunfreeware.com/

       Strawberry Perl: Windows, Perl 5.8.8 and 5.10.0

               http://www.strawberryperl.com

       IndigoPerl: Windows

               http://indigostar.com/

   I don't have a C compiler. How can I build my own Perl interpreter?
       Since you don't have a C compiler, you're doomed and your vendor should
       be sacrificed to the Sun gods. But that doesn't help you.

       What you need to do is get a binary version of "gcc" for your system
       first. Consult the Usenet FAQs for your operating system for
       information on where to get such a binary version.

       You might look around the net for a pre-built binary of Perl (or a C
       compiler!) that meets your needs, though:

       For Windows, Vanilla Perl ( http://vanillaperl.com/ ) and Strawberry
       Perl ( http://strawberryperl.com/ ) come with a bundled C compiler.
       ActivePerl is a pre-compiled version of Perl ready-to-use.

       For Sun systems, SunFreeware.com provides binaries of most popular
       applications, including compilers and Perl.

   I copied the perl binary from one machine to another, but scripts don't
       work.
       That's probably because you forgot libraries, or library paths differ.
       You really should build the whole distribution on the machine it will
       eventually live on, and then type "make install". Most other approaches
       are doomed to failure.

       One simple way to check that things are in the right place is to print
       out the hard-coded @INC that perl looks through for libraries:

           % perl -le 'print for @INC'

       If this command lists any paths that don't exist on your system, then
       you may need to move the appropriate libraries to these locations, or
       create symbolic links, aliases, or shortcuts appropriately. @INC is
       also printed as part of the output of

           % perl -V

       You might also want to check out "How do I keep my own module/library
       directory?" in perlfaq8.

   I grabbed the sources and tried to compile but gdbm/dynamic
       loading/malloc/linking/... failed. How do I make it work?
       Read the INSTALL file, which is part of the source distribution.  It
       describes in detail how to cope with most idiosyncrasies that the
       "Configure" script can't work around for any given system or
       architecture.

   What modules and extensions are available for Perl? What is CPAN? What does
       CPAN/src/... mean?
       CPAN stands for Comprehensive Perl Archive Network, a multi-gigabyte
       archive replicated on hundreds of machines all over the world. CPAN
       contains source code, non-native ports, documentation, scripts, and
       many third-party modules and extensions, designed for everything from
       commercial database interfaces to keyboard/screen control to web
       walking and CGI scripts. The master web site for CPAN is
       http://www.cpan.org/ and there is the CPAN Multiplexer at
       http://www.cpan.org/CPAN.html which will choose a mirror near you via
       DNS. See http://www.perl.com/CPAN (without a slash at the end) for how
       this process works. Also, http://mirror.cpan.org/ has a nice interface
       to the http://www.cpan.org/MIRRORED.BY mirror directory.

       See the CPAN FAQ at http://www.cpan.org/misc/cpan-faq.html for answers
       to the most frequently asked questions about CPAN including how to
       become a mirror.

       "CPAN/path/..." is a naming convention for files available on CPAN
       sites. CPAN indicates the base directory of a CPAN mirror, and the rest
       of the path is the path from that directory to the file. For instance,
       if you're using ftp://ftp.funet.fi/pub/languages/perl/CPAN as your CPAN
       site, the file "CPAN/misc/japh" is downloadable as
       ftp://ftp.funet.fi/pub/languages/perl/CPAN/misc/japh .

       Considering that, as of 2006, there are over ten thousand existing
       modules in the archive, one probably exists to do nearly anything you
       can think of. Current categories under "CPAN/modules/by-category/"
       include Perl core modules; development support; operating system
       interfaces; networking, devices, and interprocess communication; data
       type utilities; database interfaces; user interfaces; interfaces to
       other languages; filenames, file systems, and file locking;
       internationalization and locale; world wide web support; server and
       daemon utilities; archiving and compression; image manipulation; mail
       and news; control flow utilities; filehandle and I/O; Microsoft Windows
       modules; and miscellaneous modules.

       See http://www.cpan.org/modules/00modlist.long.html or
       http://search.cpan.org/ for a more complete list of modules by
       category.

       CPAN is a free service and is not affiliated with O'Reilly Media.

   Is there an ISO or ANSI certified version of Perl?
       Certainly not. Larry expects that he'll be certified before Perl is.

   Where can I get information on Perl?
       The complete Perl documentation is available with the Perl
       distribution.  If you have Perl installed locally, you probably have
       the documentation installed as well: type "man perl" if you're on a
       system resembling Unix.  This will lead you to other important man
       pages, including how to set your $MANPATH. If you're not on a Unix
       system, access to the documentation will be different; for example,
       documentation might only be in HTML format. All proper perl
       installations have fully-accessible documentation.

       You might also try "perldoc perl" in case your system doesn't have a
       proper "man" command, or it's been misinstalled. If that doesn't work,
       try looking in "/usr/local/lib/perl5/pod" for documentation.

       If all else fails, consult http://perldoc.perl.org/ which has the
       complete documentation in HTML and PDF format.

       Many good books have been written about Perl--see the section later in
       perlfaq2 for more details.

       Tutorial documents included in current or upcoming Perl releases
       include perltoot for objects or perlboot for a beginner's approach to
       objects, perlopentut for file opening semantics, perlreftut for
       managing references, perlretut for regular expressions, perlthrtut for
       threads, perldebtut for debugging, and perlxstut for linking C and Perl
       together. There may be more by the time you read this. These URLs might
       also be useful:

           http://perldoc.perl.org/
           http://bookmarks.cpan.org/search.cgi?cat=Training%2FTutorials

   What are the Perl newsgroups on Usenet? Where do I post questions?
       Several groups devoted to the Perl language are on Usenet:

               comp.lang.perl.announce      Moderated announcement group
               comp.lang.perl.misc          High traffic general Perl discussion
               comp.lang.perl.moderated     Moderated discussion group
               comp.lang.perl.modules       Use and development of Perl modules
               comp.lang.perl.tk            Using Tk (and X) from Perl

       Some years ago, comp.lang.perl was divided into those groups, and
       comp.lang.perl itself officially removed. While that group may still be
       found on some news servers, it is unwise to use it, because postings
       there will not appear on news servers which honour the official list of
       group names. Use comp.lang.perl.misc for topics which do not have a
       more-appropriate specific group.

       There is also a Usenet gateway to Perl mailing lists sponsored by
       perl.org at nntp://nntp.perl.org , a web interface to the same lists at
       http://nntp.perl.org/group/ and these lists are also available under
       the "perl.*" hierarchy at http://groups.google.com . Other groups are
       listed at http://lists.perl.org/ ( also known as http://lists.cpan.org/
       ).

       A nice place to ask questions is the PerlMonks site,
       http://www.perlmonks.org/ , or the Perl Beginners mailing list
       http://lists.perl.org/showlist.cgi?name=beginners .

       Note that none of the above are supposed to write your code for you:
       asking questions about particular problems or general advice is fine,
       but asking someone to write your code for free is not very cool.

   Where should I post source code?
       You should post source code to whichever group is most appropriate, but
       feel free to cross-post to comp.lang.perl.misc. If you want to cross-
       post to alt.sources, please make sure it follows their posting
       standards, including setting the Followup-To header line to NOT include
       alt.sources; see their FAQ (
       http://www.faqs.org/faqs/alt-sources-intro/ ) for details.

       If you're just looking for software, first use Google (
       http://www.google.com ), Google's Usenet search interface (
       http://groups.google.com ), and CPAN Search ( http://search.cpan.org ).
       This is faster and more productive than just posting a request.

   Perl Books
       There are many good books on Perl. See the perlbook documentation or (
       http://books.perl.org ).

   Which magazines have Perl content?
       The Perl Review ( http://www.theperlreview.com ) focuses on Perl almost
       completely (although it sometimes sneaks in an article about another
       language). There's also $foo Magazin, a German magazine dedicated to
       Perl, at ( http://www.foo-magazin.de ).

       The Perl-Zeitung is a German-speaking magazine for Perl beginners (see
       http://perl-zeitung.at.tf ).

       Magazines that frequently carry quality articles on Perl include The
       Perl Review ( http://www.theperlreview.com ), Unix Review (
       http://www.unixreview.com/ ), Linux Magazine (
       http://www.linuxmagazine.com/ ), and Usenix's newsletter/magazine to
       its members, login: ( http://www.usenix.org/ ).

       The Perl columns of Randal L. Schwartz are available on the web at
       http://www.stonehenge.com/merlyn/WebTechniques/ ,
       http://www.stonehenge.com/merlyn/UnixReview/ , and
       http://www.stonehenge.com/merlyn/LinuxMag/ .

       The first (and for a long time, only) periodical devoted to All Things
       Perl, The Perl Journal contains tutorials, demonstrations, case
       studies, announcements, contests, and much more. TPJ has columns on web
       development, databases, Win32 Perl, graphical programming, regular
       expressions, and networking, and sponsors the Obfuscated Perl Contest
       and the Perl Poetry Contests. Beginning in November 2002, TPJ moved to
       a reader-supported monthly e-zine format in which subscribers can
       download issues as PDF documents. In 2006, TPJ merged with Dr.  Dobbs
       Journal (online edition). To read old TPJ articles, see
       http://www.ddj.com/ or brian d foy's index of online TPJ content (
       http://www.perlmonks.org/index.pl?node_id=711609 ).

   What mailing lists are there for Perl?
       Most of the major modules ("Tk", "CGI", "libwww-perl") have their own
       mailing lists. Consult the documentation that came with the module for
       subscription information.

       A comprehensive list of Perl-related mailing lists can be found at:

               http://lists.perl.org/

   Where are the archives for comp.lang.perl.misc?
       The Google search engine now carries archived and searchable newsgroup
       content.

       http://groups.google.com/group/comp.lang.perl.misc/topics

       If you have a question, you can be sure someone has already asked the
       same question at some point on c.l.p.m. It requires some time and
       patience to sift through all the content but often you will find the
       answer you seek.

   Where can I buy a commercial version of perl?
       In a real sense, perl already is commercial software: it has a license
       that you can grab and carefully read to your manager. It is distributed
       in releases and comes in well-defined packages. There is a very large
       user community and an extensive literature. The comp.lang.perl.*
       newsgroups and several of the mailing lists provide free answers to
       your questions in near real-time. Perl has traditionally been supported
       by Larry, scores of software designers and developers, and myriad
       programmers, all working for free to create a useful thing to make life
       better for everyone.

       However, these answers may not suffice for managers who require a
       purchase order from a company whom they can sue should anything go
       awry.  Or maybe they need very serious hand-holding and contractual
       obligations.  Shrink-wrapped CDs with perl on them are available from
       several sources if that will help. For example, many Perl books include
       a distribution of perl, as do the O'Reilly Perl Resource Kits (in both
       the Unix flavor and in the proprietary Microsoft flavor); the free Unix
       distributions also all come with perl.

   Where do I send bug reports?
       (contributed by brian d foy)

       First, ensure that you've found an actual bug. Second, ensure you've
       found an actual bug.

       If you've found a bug with the perl interpreter or one of the modules
       in the standard library (those that come with Perl), you can use the
       perlbug utility that comes with Perl (>= 5.004). It collects
       information about your installation to include with your message, then
       sends the message to the right place.

       To determine if a module came with your version of Perl, you can use
       the "Module::CoreList" module. It has the information about the modules
       (with their versions) included with each release of Perl.

       If "Module::CoreList" is not installed on your system, check out
       http://perlpunks.de/corelist .

       Every CPAN module has a bug tracker set up in RT, http://rt.cpan.org .
       You can submit bugs to RT either through its web interface or by email.
       To email a bug report, send it to bug-<distribution-name>@rt.cpan.org .
       For example, if you wanted to report a bug in "Business::ISBN", you
       could send a message to bug-Business-ISBN@rt.cpan.org .

       Some modules might have special reporting requirements, such as a
       Sourceforge or Google Code tracking system, so you should check the
       module documentation too.

   What is perl.com? Perl Mongers? pm.org? perl.org? cpan.org?
       Perl.com ( http://www.perl.com/ ) used to be part of the O'Reilly
       Network, a subsidiary of O'Reilly Media. Although it retains most of
       the original content from its O'Reilly Network, it is now hosted by The
       Perl Foundation.

       The Perl Foundation is an advocacy organization for the Perl language
       which maintains the web site ( http://www.perl.org/ ) as a general
       advocacy site for the Perl language. It uses the domain to provide
       general support services to the Perl community, including the hosting
       of mailing lists, web sites, and other services. There are also many
       other sub-domains for special topics like learning Perl, Perl news,
       jobs in Perl, such as:

               http://www.perl.org/
               http://learn.perl.org/
               http://jobs.perl.org/
               http://lists.perl.org/

       Perl Mongers uses the pm.org domain for services related to Perl user
       groups, including the hosting of mailing lists and web sites. See the
       Perl Mongers website ( http://www.pm.org/ ) for more information about
       joining, starting, or requesting services for a Perl user group.

       CPAN, or the Comprehensive Perl Archive Network ( http://www.cpan.org/
       ), is a replicated, worldwide repository of Perl software. See What is
       CPAN? in perlfaq2.


AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT

       Copyright (c) 1997-2010 Tom Christiansen, Nathan Torkington, and other
       authors as noted. All rights reserved.

       This documentation is free; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
       under the same terms as Perl itself.

       Irrespective of its distribution, all code examples here are in the
       public domain. You are permitted and encouraged to use this code and
       any derivatives thereof in your own programs for fun or for profit as
       you see fit. A simple comment in the code giving credit to the FAQ
       would be courteous but is not required.



perl v5.14.0                      2011-05-07                       perlfaq2(1)

perl 5.14.0 - Generated Wed May 18 08:20:44 CDT 2011