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PERLDOC(1pm)           Perl Programmers Reference Guide           PERLDOC(1pm)




NAME

       perldoc - Look up Perl documentation in Pod format.


SYNOPSIS

           perldoc [-h] [-D] [-t] [-u] [-m] [-l] [-U] [-F]
               [-i] [-V] [-T] [-r]
               [-d destination_file]
               [-o formatname]
               [-M FormatterClassName]
               [-w formatteroption:value]
               [-n nroff-replacement]
               [-X]
               [-L language_code]
               PageName|ModuleName|ProgramName|URL

       Examples:

           perldoc -f BuiltinFunction

           perldoc -L it -f BuiltinFunction

           perldoc -q FAQ Keyword

           perldoc -L fr -q FAQ Keyword

           perldoc -v PerlVariable

           perldoc -a PerlAPI

       See below for more description of the switches.


DESCRIPTION

       perldoc looks up documentation in .pod format that is embedded in the
       perl installation tree or in a perl script, and displays it using a
       variety of formatters.  This is primarily used for the documentation
       for the perl library modules.

       Your system may also have man pages installed for those modules, in
       which case you can probably just use the man(1) command.

       If you are looking for a table of contents to the Perl library modules
       documentation, see the perltoc page.


OPTIONS

       -h   Prints out a brief help message.

       -D   Describes search for the item in detail.

       -t   Display docs using plain text converter, instead of nroff. This
            may be faster, but it probably won't look as nice.

       -u   Skip the real Pod formatting, and just show the raw Pod source
            (Unformatted)

       -m module
            Display the entire module: both code and unformatted pod
            documentation.  This may be useful if the docs don't explain a
            function in the detail you need, and you'd like to inspect the
            code directly; perldoc will find the file for you and simply hand
            it off for display.

       -l   Display only the file name of the module found.

       -U   When running as the superuser, don't attempt drop privileges for
            security.  This option is implied with -F.

            NOTE: Please see the heading SECURITY below for more information.

       -F   Consider arguments as file names; no search in directories will be
            performed.  Implies -U if run as the superuser.

       -f perlfunc
            The -f option followed by the name of a perl built-in function
            will extract the documentation of this function from perlfunc.

            Example:

                  perldoc -f sprintf

       -q perlfaq-search-regexp
            The -q option takes a regular expression as an argument.  It will
            search the question headings in perlfaq[1-9] and print the entries
            matching the regular expression.

            Example:

                 perldoc -q shuffle

       -a perlapifunc
            The -a option followed by the name of a perl api function will
            extract the documentation of this function from perlapi.

            Example:

                 perldoc -a newHV

       -v perlvar
            The -v option followed by the name of a Perl predefined variable
            will extract the documentation of this variable from perlvar.

            Examples:

                 perldoc -v '$"'
                 perldoc -v @+
                 perldoc -v DATA

       -T   This specifies that the output is not to be sent to a pager, but
            is to be sent directly to STDOUT.

       -d destination-filename
            This specifies that the output is to be sent neither to a pager
            nor to STDOUT, but is to be saved to the specified filename.
            Example: "perldoc -oLaTeX -dtextwrapdocs.tex Text::Wrap"

       -o output-formatname
            This specifies that you want Perldoc to try using a Pod-formatting
            class for the output format that you specify.  For example:
            "-oman".  This is actually just a wrapper around the "-M" switch;
            using "-oformatname" just looks for a loadable class by adding
            that format name (with different capitalizations) to the end of
            different classname prefixes.

            For example, "-oLaTeX" currently tries all of the following
            classes: Pod::Perldoc::ToLaTeX Pod::Perldoc::Tolatex
            Pod::Perldoc::ToLatex Pod::Perldoc::ToLATEX Pod::Simple::LaTeX
            Pod::Simple::latex Pod::Simple::Latex Pod::Simple::LATEX
            Pod::LaTeX Pod::latex Pod::Latex Pod::LATEX.

       -M module-name
            This specifies the module that you want to try using for
            formatting the pod.  The class must at least provide a
            "parse_from_file" method.  For example: "perldoc
            -MPod::Perldoc::ToChecker".

            You can specify several classes to try by joining them with commas
            or semicolons, as in "-MTk::SuperPod;Tk::Pod".

       -w option:value or -w option
            This specifies an option to call the formatter with.  For example,
            "-w textsize:15" will call "$formatter->textsize(15)" on the
            formatter object before it is used to format the object.  For this
            to be valid, the formatter class must provide such a method, and
            the value you pass should be valid.  (So if "textsize" expects an
            integer, and you do "-w textsize:big", expect trouble.)

            You can use "-w optionname" (without a value) as shorthand for "-w
            optionname:TRUE".  This is presumably useful in cases of on/off
            features like: "-w page_numbering".

            You can use an "=" instead of the ":", as in: "-w textsize=15".
            This might be more (or less) convenient, depending on what shell
            you use.

       -X   Use an index if it is present. The -X option looks for an entry
            whose basename matches the name given on the command line in the
            file "$Config{archlib}/pod.idx". The pod.idx file should contain
            fully qualified filenames, one per line.

       -L language_code
            This allows one to specify the language code for the desired
            language translation. If the "POD2::<language_code>" package isn't
            installed in your system, the switch is ignored.  All available
            translation packages are to be found under the "POD2::" namespace.
            See POD2::IT (or POD2::FR) to see how to create new localized
            "POD2::*" documentation packages and integrate them into
            Pod::Perldoc.

       PageName|ModuleName|ProgramName|URL
            The item you want to look up.  Nested modules (such as
            "File::Basename") are specified either as "File::Basename" or
            "File/Basename".  You may also give a descriptive name of a page,
            such as "perlfunc".  For URLs, HTTP and HTTPS are the only kind
            currently supported.

            For simple names like 'foo', when the normal search fails to find
            a matching page, a search with the "perl" prefix is tried as well.
            So "perldoc intro" is enough to find/render "perlintro.pod".

       -n some-formatter
            Specify replacement for groff

       -r   Recursive search.

       -i   Ignore case.

       -V   Displays the version of perldoc you're running.


SECURITY

       Because perldoc does not run properly tainted, and is known to have
       security issues, when run as the superuser it will attempt to drop
       privileges by setting the effective and real IDs to nobody's or
       nouser's account, or -2 if unavailable.  If it cannot relinquish its
       privileges, it will not run.

       See the "-U" option if you do not want this behavior but beware that
       there are significant security risks if you choose to use "-U".

       Since 3.26, using "-F" as the superuser also implies "-U" as opening
       most files and traversing directories requires privileges that are
       above the nobody/nogroup level.


ENVIRONMENT

       Any switches in the "PERLDOC" environment variable will be used before
       the command line arguments.

       Useful values for "PERLDOC" include "-oterm", "-otext", "-ortf",
       "-oxml", and so on, depending on what modules you have on hand; or the
       formatter class may be specified exactly with "-MPod::Perldoc::ToTerm"
       or the like.

       "perldoc" also searches directories specified by the "PERL5LIB" (or
       "PERLLIB" if "PERL5LIB" is not defined) and "PATH" environment
       variables.  (The latter is so that embedded pods for executables, such
       as "perldoc" itself, are available.)

       In directories where either "Makefile.PL" or "Build.PL" exist,
       "perldoc" will add "." and "lib" first to its search path, and as long
       as you're not the superuser will add "blib" too.  This is really
       helpful if you're working inside of a build directory and want to read
       through the docs even if you have a version of a module previously
       installed.

       "perldoc" will use, in order of preference, the pager defined in
       "PERLDOC_PAGER", "MANPAGER", or "PAGER" before trying to find a pager
       on its own. ("MANPAGER" is not used if "perldoc" was told to display
       plain text or unformatted pod.)

       When using perldoc in it's "-m" mode (display module source code),
       "perldoc" will attempt to use the pager set in "PERLDOC_SRC_PAGER".  A
       useful setting for this command is your favorite editor as in
       "/usr/bin/nano". (Don't judge me.)

       One useful value for "PERLDOC_PAGER" is "less -+C -E".

       Having PERLDOCDEBUG set to a positive integer will make perldoc emit
       even more descriptive output than the "-D" switch does; the higher the
       number, the more it emits.


CHANGES

       Up to 3.14_05, the switch -v was used to produce verbose messages of
       perldoc operation, which is now enabled by -D.


SEE ALSO

       perlpod(1), Pod::Perldoc(3)


AUTHOR

       Current maintainer: Mark Allen "<mallen@cpan.org>"

       Past contributors are: brian d foy "<bdfoy@cpan.org>" Adriano R.
       Ferreira "<ferreira@cpan.org>", Sean M. Burke "<sburke@cpan.org>",
       Kenneth Albanowski "<kjahds@kjahds.com>", Andy Dougherty
       "<doughera@lafcol.lafayette.edu>", and many others.



perl v5.26.1                      2017-07-18                      PERLDOC(1pm)

perl 5.26.1 - Generated Wed Nov 8 19:43:52 CST 2017
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