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PERL5211DELTA(1pm)     Perl Programmers Reference Guide     PERL5211DELTA(1pm)




NAME

       perl5211delta - what is new for perl v5.21.1


DESCRIPTION

       This document describes differences between the 5.21.0 release and the
       5.21.1 release.

       If you are upgrading from an earlier release such as 5.20.0, first read
       perl5210delta, which describes differences between 5.20.0 and 5.21.0.


Notice

       This release removes a number of previously deprecated constructs, many
       that have been around for a long time. Please see "Incompatible
       Changes" for more information.


Core Enhancements

   Unicode 7.0 is now supported
       For details on what is in this release, see
       <http://www.unicode.org/versions/Unicode7.0.0/>.

   Experimental C Backtrace API
       Starting from Perl 5.21.1, on some platforms Perl supports retrieving
       the C level backtrace (similar to what symbolic debuggers like gdb do).

       The backtrace returns the stack trace of the C call frames, with the
       symbol names (function names), the object names (like "perl"), and if
       it can, also the source code locations (file:line).

       The supported platforms are Linux and OS X (some *BSD might work at
       least partly, but they have not yet been tested).

       The feature needs to be enabled with "Configure -Dusecbacktrace".

       Also included is a C API to retrieve backtraces.

       See "C backtrace" in perlhacktips for more information.

   "qr/foo/x" now ignores any Unicode pattern white space
       The "/x" regular expression modifier allows the pattern to contain
       white space and comments, both of which are ignored, for improved
       readability.  Until now, not all the white space characters that
       Unicode designates for this purpose were handled.  The additional ones
       now recognized are U+0085 NEXT LINE, U+200E LEFT-TO-RIGHT MARK, U+200F
       RIGHT-TO-LEFT MARK, U+2028 LINE SEPARATOR, and U+2029 PARAGRAPH
       SEPARATOR.

   "use locale" can restrict which locale categories are affected
       It is now possible to pass a parameter to "use locale" to specify a
       subset of locale categories to be locale-aware, with the remaining ones
       unaffected.  See "The "use locale" pragma" in perllocale for details.


Incompatible Changes

   "\N{}" with a sequence of multiple spaces is now a fatal error.
       This has been deprecated since v5.18.

   In double-quotish "\cX", X must now be a printable ASCII character
       In prior releases, failure to do this raised a deprecation warning.

   Splitting the tokens "(?" and "(*" in regular expressions is now a fatal
       compilation error.
       These had been deprecated since v5.18.

   5 additional characters are treated as white space under "/x" in regex
       patterns (unless escaped)
       The use of these characters with "/x" outside bracketed character
       classes and when not preceded by a backslash has raised a deprecation
       warning since v5.18.  Now they will be ignored.  See "qr/foo/x" for the
       list of the five characters.

   Comment lines within "(?[ ])" now are ended only by a "\n"
       "(?[ ])"  is an experimental feature, introduced in v5.18.  It operates
       as if "/x" is always enabled.  But there was a difference, comment
       lines (following a "#" character) were terminated by anything matching
       "\R" which includes all vertical whitespace, such as form feeds.  For
       consistency, this is now changed to match what terminates comment lines
       outside "(?[ ])", namely a "\n" (even if escaped), which is the same as
       what terminates a heredoc string and formats.

   Omitting % and @ on hash and array names is no longer permitted
       Really old Perl let you omit the @ on array names and the % on hash
       names in some spots.  This has issued a deprecation warning since Perl
       5.0, and is no longer permitted.

   "$!" text is now in English outside "use locale" scope
       Previously, the text, unlike almost everything else, always came out
       based on the current underlying locale of the program.  (Also affected
       on some systems is ""$^E"".)  For programs that are unprepared to
       handle locale, this can cause garbage text to be displayed.  It's
       better to display text that is translatable via some tool than garbage
       text which is much harder to figure out.

   "$!" text will be returned in UTF-8 when appropriate
       The stringification of $! and $^E will have the UTF-8 flag set when the
       text is actually non-ASCII UTF-8.  This will enable programs that are
       set up to be locale-aware to properly output messages in the user's
       native language.  Code that needs to continue the 5.20 and earlier
       behavior can do the stringification within the scopes of both 'use
       bytes' and 'use locale ":messages".  No other Perl operations will be
       affected by locale; only $! and $^E stringification.  The 'bytes'
       pragma causes the UTF-8 flag to not be set, just as in previous Perl
       releases.  This resolves [perl #112208].

   Support for "?PATTERN?" without explicit operator has been removed
       Starting regular expressions matching only once directly with the
       question mark delimiter is now a syntax error, so that the question
       mark can be available for use in new operators.  Write "m?PATTERN?"
       instead, explicitly using the "m" operator: the question mark delimiter
       still invokes match-once behaviour.

   "defined(@array)" and "defined(%hash)" are now fatal errors
       These have been deprecated since v5.6.1 and have raised deprecation
       warnings since v5.16.

   Using a hash or an array as a reference are now fatal errors.
       For example, "%foo->{"bar"}" now causes a fatal compilation error.
       These have been deprecated since before v5.8, and have raised
       deprecation warnings since then.


Deprecations

   Using a NO-BREAK space in a character alias for "\N{...}" is now deprecated
       This non-graphic character is essentially indistinguishable from a
       regular space, and so should not be allowed.  See "CUSTOM ALIASES" in
       charnames.

   A literal "{" should now be escaped in a pattern
       If you want a literal left curly bracket (also called a left brace) in
       a regular expression pattern, you should now escape it by either
       preceding it with a backslash ("\{") or enclosing it within square
       brackets "[{]", or by using "\Q"; otherwise a deprecation warning will
       be raised.  This was first announced as forthcoming in the v5.16
       release; it will allow future extensions to the language to happen.


Performance Enhancements

       o   Many internal functions have been refactored to improve performance
           and reduce their memory footprints.

           [perl #121436] <https://rt.perl.org/Ticket/Display.html?id=121436>
           [perl #121906] <https://rt.perl.org/Ticket/Display.html?id=121906>
           [perl #121969] <https://rt.perl.org/Ticket/Display.html?id=121969>

       o   "-T" and "-B" filetests will return sooner when an empty file is
           detected.

           perl #121489 <https://rt.perl.org/Ticket/Display.html?id=121489>


Modules and Pragmata

   Updated Modules and Pragmata
       o   The libnet collection of modules has been upgraded from version
           1.25 to 1.27.

           There are only whitespace changes to the installed files.

       o   A mismatch between the documentation and the code in
           utf8::downgrade() was fixed in favour of the documentation. The
           optional second argument is now correctly treated as a perl boolean
           (true/false semantics) and not as an integer.

       o   The Locale-Codes collection of modules has been upgraded from
           version 3.30 to 3.31.

           Fixed a bug in the scripts used to extract data from spreadsheets
           that prevented the SHP currency code from being found.  [cpan
           #94229] <https://rt.cpan.org/Ticket/Display.html?id=94229>

       o   Archive::Tar has been upgraded from version 1.96 to 2.00.

       o   autodie has been upgraded from version 2.23 to 2.25.

       o   B has been upgraded from version 1.48 to 1.49.

       o   B::Deparse has been upgraded from version 1.26 to 1.27.

       o   Benchmark has been upgraded from version 1.18 to 1.19.

       o   Carp has been upgraded from version 1.3301 to 1.34.

           Carp::Heavy now ignores version mismatches with Carp if Carp is
           newer than 1.12, since Carp::Heavy's guts were merged into Carp at
           that point.  [perl #121574]
           <https://rt.perl.org/Ticket/Display.html?id=121574>

       o   charnames has been upgraded from version 1.40 to 1.41.

       o   CPAN::Meta has been upgraded from version 2.140640 to 2.141520.

       o   Data::Dumper has been upgraded from version 2.151 to 2.152.

           Changes to resolve Coverity issues.

           XS dumps incorrectly stored the name of code references stored in a
           GLOB.  [perl #122070]
           <https://rt.perl.org/Ticket/Display.html?id=122070>

       o   Devel::Peek has been upgraded from version 1.16 to 1.17.

       o   Devel::PPPort has been upgraded from version 3.21 to 3.24.

       o   Digest::SHA has been upgraded from version 5.88 to 5.92.

       o   DynaLoader has been upgraded from version 1.25 to 1.26.

       o   Encode has been upgraded from version 2.60 to 2.62.

           piconv now has better error handling when the encoding name is
           nonexistent, and a build breakage when upgrading Encode in
           perl-5.8.2 and earlier has been fixed.

       o   Errno has been upgraded from version 1.20_03 to 1.20_04.

       o   Exporter has been upgraded from version 5.70 to 5.71.

       o   ExtUtils::Install has been upgraded from version 1.67 to 1.68.

       o   ExtUtils::Miniperl has been upgraded from version 1.01 to 1.02.

       o   ExtUtils::ParseXS has been upgraded from version 3.24 to 3.25.

       o   ExtUtils::Typemaps has been upgraded from version 3.24 to 3.25.

       o   File::Spec has been upgraded from version 3.47 to 3.48.

       o   Hash::Util has been upgraded from version 0.16 to 0.17.

           Minor bug fixes and documentation fixes to Hash::Util::hash_stats()

       o   IO has been upgraded from version 1.31 to 1.32.

       o   List::Util has been upgraded from version 1.38 to 1.39.

       o   locale has been upgraded from version 1.03 to 1.04.

       o   Locale::Codes has been upgraded from version 3.30 to 3.31.

       o   Math::BigInt has been upgraded from version 1.9993 to 1.9995.

           Synchronize POD changes from the CPAN release.

           "Math::BigFloat->blog(x)" would sometimes return blog(2*x) when the
           accuracy was greater than 70 digits.

           The result of "Math::BigFloat->bdiv()" in list context now
           satisfies "x = quotient * divisor + remainder".

       o   Math::BigRat has been upgraded from version 0.2606 to 0.2608.

           Synchronize POD changes from the CPAN release.

       o   Module::CoreList has been upgraded from version 5.021001 to
           5.021001_01.

       o   Module::Metadata has been upgraded from version 1.000019 to
           1.000024.

           Support installations on older perls with an ExtUtils::MakeMaker
           earlier than 6.63_03

       o   NDBM_File has been upgraded from version 1.12 to 1.13.

       o   OS2::Process has been upgraded from version 1.09 to 1.10.

       o   perl5db.pl has been upgraded from version 1.44 to 1.45.

           fork() in the debugger under "tmux" will now create a new window
           for the forked process. [perl #121333]
           <https://rt.perl.org/Ticket/Display.html?id=121333>

           The debugger now saves the current working directory on startup and
           restores it when you restart your program with "R" or "rerun".
           [perl #121509] <https://rt.perl.org/Ticket/Display.html?id=121509>

       o   PerlIO::encoding has been upgraded from version 0.18 to 0.19.

           No changes in behaviour.

       o   PerlIO::mmap has been upgraded from version 0.011 to 0.013.

           No changes in behaviour.

       o   PerlIO::scalar has been upgraded from version 0.18 to 0.19.

           No changes in behaviour.

       o   PerlIO::via has been upgraded from version 0.14 to 0.15.

       o   Pod::Html has been upgraded from version 1.21 to 1.22.

       o   POSIX has been upgraded from version 1.38_03 to 1.40.

       o   Scalar::Util has been upgraded from version 1.38 to 1.39.

       o   SelfLoader has been upgraded from version 1.21 to 1.22.

       o   Socket has been upgraded from version 2.013 to 2.014.

       o   Storable has been upgraded from version 2.49 to 2.51.

       o   Term::ANSIColor has been upgraded from version 4.02 to 4.03.

       o   Test::Harness has been upgraded from version 3.30 to 3.32.

       o   Test::Simple has been upgraded from version 1.001002 to 1.001003.

       o   threads has been upgraded from version 1.93 to 1.94.

       o   Tie::File has been upgraded from version 1.00 to 1.01.

       o   Unicode::Collate has been upgraded from version 1.04 to 1.07.

           Version 0.67's improved discontiguous contractions is invalidated
           by default and is supported as a parameter 'long_contraction'.

       o   Unicode::Normalize has been upgraded from version 1.17 to 1.18.

           The XSUB implementation has been removed in favour of pure Perl.

       o   Unicode::UCD has been upgraded from version 0.57 to 0.58.

       o   utf8 has been upgraded from version 1.13 to 1.14.

       o   warnings has been upgraded from version 1.23 to 1.24.


Documentation

   Changes to Existing Documentation
       perlfunc

       o   "-l" now notes that it will return false if symlinks aren't
           supported by the file system.

           [perl #121523] <https://rt.perl.org/Ticket/Display.html?id=121523>

       o   Note that "exec LIST" and "system LIST" may fall back to the shell
           on Win32. Only "exec PROGRAM LIST" and "system PROGRAM LIST"
           indirect object syntax will reliably avoid using the shell.

           This has also been noted in perlport.

           [perl #122046] <https://rt.perl.org/Ticket/Display.html?id=122046>

       perlapi

       o   Note that "SvSetSV" doesn't do set magic.

       o   "sv_usepvn_flags" - Fix documentation to mention the use of "NewX"
           instead of "malloc".

           [perl #121869] <https://rt.perl.org/Ticket/Display.html?id=121869>

       o   Clarify where "NUL" may be embedded or is required to terminate a
           string.

       o   Previously missing documentation due to formatting errors are now
           included.

       o   Entries are now organized into groups rather than by file where
           they are found.

       o   Alphabetical sorting of entries is now handled by the POD generator
           to make entries easier to find when scanning.

       perlhacktips

       o   Updated documentation for the "test.valgrind" "make" target.

           [perl #121431] <https://rt.perl.org/Ticket/Display.html?id=121431>

       perlre

       o   The "/x" modifier has been clarified to note that comments cannot
           be continued onto the next line by escaping them.

       Unicode::UCD

       o   The documentation includes many clarifications and fixes.


Diagnostics

       The following additions or changes have been made to diagnostic output,
       including warnings and fatal error messages.  For the complete list of
       diagnostic messages, see perldiag.

   New Diagnostics
       New Errors

       o   In '(?...)', the '(' and '?' must be adjacent in regex; marked by
           <-- HERE in m/%s/

           (F) The two-character sequence "(?" in this context in a regular
           expression pattern should be an indivisible token, with nothing
           intervening between the "(" and the "?", but you separated them.

       o   In '(*VERB...)', the '(' and '*' must be adjacent in regex; marked
           by <-- HERE in m/%s/

           (F) The two-character sequence "(*" in this context in a regular
           expression pattern should be an indivisible token, with nothing
           intervening between the "(" and the "*", but you separated them.

       o   charnames alias definitions may not contain a sequence of multiple
           spaces

           (F) You defined a character name which had multiple space
            characters in a row.  Change them to single spaces.  Usually these
            names are defined in the ":alias" import argument to "use
           charnames", but
            they could be defined by a translator installed into
           $^H{charnames}.
            See "CUSTOM ALIASES" in charnames.

       o   charnames alias definitions may not contain trailing white-space

           (F) You defined a character name which ended in a space character.
           Remove the trailing space(s).  Usually these names are defined in
           the ":alias" import argument to "use charnames", but they could be
           defined by a translator installed into $^H{charnames}.  See "CUSTOM
           ALIASES" in charnames.

       o   Can't use a hash as a reference

           (F) You tried to use a hash as a reference, as in "%foo->{"bar"}"
           or "%$ref->{"hello"}".  Versions of perl <= 5.6.1 used to allow
           this syntax, but shouldn't have.

       o   Can't use an array as a reference

           (F) You tried to use an array as a reference, as in "@foo->[23]" or
           "@$ref->[99]".  Versions of perl <= 5.6.1 used to allow this
           syntax, but shouldn't have.

       o   Can't use 'defined(@array)' (Maybe you should just omit the
           defined()?)

           (F) defined() is not useful on arrays because it checks for an
           undefined scalar value.  If you want to see if the array is empty,
           just use "if (@array) { # not empty }" for example.

       o   Can't use 'defined(%hash)' (Maybe you should just omit the
           defined()?)

           (F) "defined()" is not usually right on hashes.

           Although "defined %hash" is false on a plain not-yet-used hash, it
           becomes true in several non-obvious circumstances, including
           iterators, weak references, stash names, even remaining true after
           "undef %hash".  These things make "defined %hash" fairly useless in
           practice, so it now generates a fatal error.

           If a check for non-empty is what you wanted then just put it in
           boolean context (see "Scalar values" in perldata):

               if (%hash) {
                  # not empty
               }

           If you had "defined %Foo::Bar::QUUX" to check whether such a
           package variable exists then that's never really been reliable, and
           isn't a good way to enquire about the features of a package, or
           whether it's loaded, etc.

       o   Illegal suidscript

           (F) The script run under suidperl was somehow illegal.

       New Warnings

       o   Unescaped left brace in regex is deprecated, passed through in
           regex; marked by <-- HERE in m/%s/

           (D deprecated, regexp) You used a literal "{" character in a
           regular expression pattern. You should change to use "\{" instead,
           because a future version of Perl (tentatively v5.26) will consider
           this to be a syntax error.  If the pattern delimiters are also
           braces, any matching right brace ("}") should also be escaped to
           avoid confusing the parser, for example,

               qr{abc\{def\}ghi}

       o   NO-BREAK SPACE in a charnames alias definition is deprecated

           (D deprecated) You defined a character name which contained a no-
           break space character.  Change it to a regular space.  Usually
           these names are defined in the ":alias" import argument to "use
           charnames", but they could be defined by a translator installed
           into $^H{charnames}.  See "CUSTOM ALIASES" in charnames.

       o   PerlIO layer ':win32' is experimental

           (S experimental::win32_perlio) The ":win32" PerlIO layer is
           experimental.  If you want to take the risk of using this layer,
           simply disable this warning:

               no warnings "experimental::win32_perlio";

       o   Negative repeat count does nothing

           (W numeric) You tried to execute the "x" repetition operator fewer
           than 0 times, which doesn't make sense.

       o   localtime(%f) failed

           (W overflow) You called "localtime" with a number that it could not
           handle: too large, too small, or NaN.  The returned value is
           "undef".

       o   gmtime(%f) failed

           (W overflow) You called "gmtime" with a number that it could not
           handle: too large, too small, or NaN.  The returned value is
           "undef".

       o   PerlIO layer ':win32' is experimental:

           (S experimental::win32_perlio) The ":win32" PerlIO layer is
           experimental.  If you want to take the risk of using this layer,
           simply disable this warning:

               no warnings "experimental::win32_perlio";

       o   Negative repeat count does nothing

           (W numeric)  This warns when the repeat count of the "x" repetition
           operator is negative.

           This warning may be changed or removed if it turn out that it was
           unwise to have added it.

   Changes to Existing Diagnostics
       o   Variable length lookbehind not implemented in regex m/%s/

           Information about Unicode behaviour has been added.

       o   <> should be quotes

           This warning has been changed to <> at require-statement should be
           quotes to make the issue more identifiable.

       o   Unsuccessful %s on filename containing newline

           This warning is now only produced when the newline is at the end of
           the filename.


Utility Changes

   x2p/
       o   The x2p/ directory has been removed from the Perl core.

           This removes find2perl, s2p and a2p. They have all been released to
           CPAN as separate distributions (App::find2perl, App::s2p,
           App::a2p).


Configuration and Compilation

       o   "make test.valgrind" now supports parallel testing.

           For example:

               TEST_JOBS=9 make test.valgrind

           See "valgrind" in perlhacktips for more information.

           [perl #121431] <https://rt.perl.org/Ticket/Display.html?id=121431>

       o   The MAD (Misc Attribute Decoration) build option has been removed

           This was an unmaintained attempt at preserving the Perl parse tree
           more faithfully so that automatic conversion of Perl 5 to Perl 6
           would have been easier.

           This build-time configuration option had been unmaintained for
           years, and had probably seriously diverged on both Perl 5 and Perl
           6 sides.


Platform Support

   Discontinued Platforms
       NeXTSTEP/OPENSTEP
           NeXTSTEP was proprietary OS bundled with NeXT's workstations in the
           early to mid 90's; OPENSTEP was an API specification that provided
           a NeXTSTEP-like environment on a non-NeXTSTEP system.  Both are now
           long dead, so support for building Perl on them has been removed.

   Platform-Specific Notes
       OpenBSD
           On OpenBSD, Perl will now default to using the system "malloc" due
           to the security features it provides. Perl's own malloc wrapper has
           been in use since v5.14 due to performance reasons, but the OpenBSD
           project believes the tradeoff is worth it and would prefer that
           users who need the speed specifically ask for it.

           [perl #122000] <https://rt.perl.org/Ticket/Display.html?id=122000>.


Internal Changes

       o   The deprecated variable "PL_sv_objcount" has been removed.

       o   Perl now tries to keep the locale category "LC_NUMERIC" set to "C"
           except around operations that need it to be set to the program's
           underlying locale.  This protects the many XS modules that cannot
           cope with the decimal radix character not being a dot.  Prior to
           this release, Perl initialized this category to "C", but a call to
           "POSIX::setlocale()" would change it.  Now such a call will change
           the underlying locale of the "LC_NUMERIC" category for the program,
           but the locale exposed to XS code will remain "C".  There is an API
           under development for those relatively few modules that need to use
           the underlying locale.  This API will be nailed down during the
           course of developing v5.21.  Send email to
           <mailto:perl5-porters@perl.org> for guidance.

       o   A new macro "isUTF8_CHAR" has been written which efficiently
           determines if the string given by its parameters begins with a
           well-formed UTF-8 encoded character.


Selected Bug Fixes

       o   index() and rindex() no longer crash when used on strings over 2GB
           in size.  [perl #121562]
           <https://rt.perl.org/Ticket/Display.html?id=121562>.

       o   A small previously intentional memory leak in
           PERL_SYS_INIT/PERL_SYS_INIT3 on Win32 builds was fixed. This might
           affect embedders who repeatedly create and destroy perl engines
           within the same process.

       o   "POSIX::localeconv()" now returns the data for the program's
           underlying locale even when called from outside the scope of
           "use locale".

       o   "POSIX::localeconv()" now works properly on platforms which don't
           have "LC_NUMERIC" and/or "LC_MONETARY", or for which Perl has been
           compiled to disregard either or both of these locale categories.
           In such circumstances, there are now no entries for the
           corresponding values in the hash returned by "localeconv()".

       o   "POSIX::localeconv()" now marks appropriately the values it returns
           as UTF-8 or not.  Previously they were always returned as a bytes,
           even if they were supposed to be encoded as UTF-8.

       o   On Microsoft Windows, within the scope of "use locale", the
           following POSIX character classes gave results for many locales
           that did not conform to the POSIX standard: "[[:alnum:]]",
           "[[:alpha:]]", "[[:blank:]]", "[[:digit:]]", "[[:graph:]]",
           "[[:lower:]]", "[[:print:]]", "[[:punct:]]", "[[:upper:]]",
           "[[:word:]]", and "[[:xdigit:]]".  These are because the underlying
           Microsoft implementation does not follow the standard.  Perl now
           takes special precautions to correct for this.

       o   Many issues have been detected by Coverity
           <http://www.coverity.com/> and fixed.

       o   system() and friends should now work properly on more Android
           builds.

           Due to an oversight, the value specified through -Dtargetsh to
           Configure would end up being ignored by some of the build process.
           This caused perls cross-compiled for Android to end up with
           defective versions of system(), exec() and backticks: the commands
           would end up looking for "/bin/sh" instead of "/system/bin/sh", and
           so would fail for the vast majority of devices, leaving $! as
           "ENOENT".

       o   "qr(...\(...\)...)", "qr[...\[...\]...]", and "qr{...\{...\}...}"
           now work.  Previously it was impossible to escape these three left-
           characters with a backslash within a regular expression pattern
           where otherwise they would be considered metacharacters, and the
           pattern opening delimiter was the character, and the closing
           delimiter was its mirror character.


Acknowledgements

       Perl 5.21.1 represents approximately 3 weeks of development since Perl
       5.21.0 and contains approximately 240,000 lines of changes across 680
       files from 37 authors.

       Excluding auto-generated files, documentation and release tools, there
       were approximately 150,000 lines of changes to 420 .pm, .t, .c and .h
       files.

       Perl continues to flourish into its third decade thanks to a vibrant
       community of users and developers. The following people are known to
       have contributed the improvements that became Perl 5.21.1:

       Alex Solovey, Andrew Fresh, Andy Dougherty, Brian Fraser, Chris
       'BinGOs' Williams, Craig A. Berry, Dagfinn Ilmari Mannsaaker, Daniel
       Dragan, Darin McBride, David Mitchell, Doug Bell, H.Merijn Brand, James
       E Keenan, Jarkko Hietaniemi, kafka, Karen Etheridge, Karl Williamson,
       Leon Timmermans, Matthew Horsfall, Michael Bunk, Nicholas Clark, Niels
       Thykier, Norman Koch, Peter John Acklam, Pierre Bogossian, Reini Urban,
       Ricardo Signes, Rob Hoelz, Shlomi Fish, Smylers, Steffen Mueller, Steve
       Hay, Sullivan Beck, Thomas Sibley, Todd Rinaldo, Tony Cook, Yves Orton.

       The list above is almost certainly incomplete as it is automatically
       generated from version control history. In particular, it does not
       include the names of the (very much appreciated) contributors who
       reported issues to the Perl bug tracker.

       Many of the changes included in this version originated in the CPAN
       modules included in Perl's core. We're grateful to the entire CPAN
       community for helping Perl to flourish.

       For a more complete list of all of Perl's historical contributors,
       please see the AUTHORS file in the Perl source distribution.


Reporting Bugs

       If you find what you think is a bug, you might check the articles
       recently posted to the comp.lang.perl.misc newsgroup and the perl bug
       database at https://rt.perl.org/ .  There may also be information at
       http://www.perl.org/ , the Perl Home Page.

       If you believe you have an unreported bug, please run the perlbug
       program included with your release.  Be sure to trim your bug down to a
       tiny but sufficient test case.  Your bug report, along with the output
       of "perl -V", will be sent off to perlbug@perl.org to be analysed by
       the Perl porting team.

       If the bug you are reporting has security implications, which make it
       inappropriate to send to a publicly archived mailing list, then please
       send it to perl5-security-report@perl.org.  This points to a closed
       subscription unarchived mailing list, which includes all the core
       committers, who will be able to help assess the impact of issues,
       figure out a resolution, and help co-ordinate the release of patches to
       mitigate or fix the problem across all platforms on which Perl is
       supported.  Please only use this address for security issues in the
       Perl core, not for modules independently distributed on CPAN.


SEE ALSO

       The Changes file for an explanation of how to view exhaustive details
       on what changed.

       The INSTALL file for how to build Perl.

       The README file for general stuff.

       The Artistic and Copying files for copyright information.



perl v5.22.0                      2015-05-13                PERL5211DELTA(1pm)

perl 5.22 - Generated Fri Aug 14 15:16:50 CDT 2015
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