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pdftex(1)                                                            pdftex(1)


       pdftex - PDF output from TeX


       pdftex [options] [&format] [file|\commands]


       Run  the  pdfTeX typesetter on file, usually creating file.pdf.  If the
       file argument has no extension, ".tex" will be appended to it.  Instead
       of  a  filename,  a  set  of pdfTeX commands can be given, the first of
       which must start with a backslash.  With a &format argument pdfTeX uses
       a different set of precompiled commands, contained in format.fmt; it is
       usually better to use the -fmt format option instead.

       pdfTeX is a version of TeX, with the e-TeX extensions, that can  create
       PDF files as well as DVI files.

       In  DVI  mode, pdfTeX can be used as a complete replacement for the TeX

       The typical use of pdfTeX is with a pregenerated formats for which  PDF
       output has been enabled.  The pdftex command uses the equivalent of the
       plain TeX format, and the pdflatex command uses the equivalent  of  the
       LaTeX format.  To generate formats, use the -ini switch.

       The pdfinitex and pdfvirtex commands are pdfTeX's analogues to the ini-
       tex and virtex commands.  In this installation,  if  the  links  exist,
       they are symbolic links to the pdftex executable.

       In  PDF  mode,  pdfTeX can natively handle the PDF, JPG, JBIG2, and PNG
       graphics formats.  pdfTeX cannot  include  PostScript  or  Encapsulated
       PostScript  (EPS)  graphics  files;  first  convert  them  to PDF using
       epstopdf(1).  pdfTeX's handling of its command-line arguments is  simi-
       lar to that of of the other TeX programs in the web2c implementation.

       Starting  with  version 1.40, pdfTeX incorporates the e-TeX extensions,
       and pdfeTeX is just a copy of pdfTeX.  See etex(1).


       This version of pdfTeX understands the following command line  options.

       -cnf-line string
              Parse  string as a texmf.cnf configuration line.  See the Kpath-
              sea manual.

              Sets \pdfdraftmode so pdfTeX doesn't write  a  PDF  and  doesn't
              read any included images, thus speeding up execution.

       -enc   Enable  the encTeX extensions.  This option is only effective in
              combination with -ini.  For documentation of the  encTeX  exten-
              sions see

       -etex  Enable  the  e-TeX extensions.  This option is only effective in
              combination with -ini.  See etex(1).

              Print error messages in the form file:line:error which is  simi-
              lar to the way many compilers format them.

              Disable printing error messages in the file:line:error style.

              This is the old name of the -file-line-error option.

       -fmt format
              Use  format as the name of the format to be used, instead of the
              name by which pdfTeX was called or a %& line.

              Exit with an error code when an error is encountered during pro-

       -help  Print help message and exit.

       -ini   Start  in INI mode, which is used to dump formats.  The INI mode
              can be used for typesetting, but no  format  is  preloaded,  and
              basic initializations like setting catcodes may be required.

       -interaction mode
              Sets  the  interaction  mode.  The mode can be either batchmode,
              nonstopmode, scrollmode,  and  errorstopmode.   The  meaning  of
              these  modes is the same as that of the corresponding \commands.

       -ipc   Send DVI or PDF output to a socket as well as the  usual  output
              file.   Whether  this  option  is available is the choice of the

              As -ipc, and starts  the  server  at  the  other  end  as  well.
              Whether this option is available is the choice of the installer.

       -jobname name
              Use name for the job name, instead of deriving it from the  name
              of the input file.

       -kpathsea-debug bitmask
              Sets  path  searching  debugging flags according to the bitmask.
              See the Kpathsea manual for details.

       -mktex fmt
              Enable mktexfmt, where fmt must be either tex or tfm.

       -mltex Enable MLTeX extensions.  Only  effective  in  combination  with

       -no-mktex fmt
              Disable mktexfmt, where fmt must be either tex or tfm.

       -output-comment string
              In  DVI mode, use string for the DVI file comment instead of the
              date. This option is ignored in PDF mode.

       -output-directory directory
              Write output files in directory instead of  the  current  direc-
              tory.   Look  up  input  files in directory first, the along the
              normal search path.

       -output-format format
              Set the output format mode, where format must be either  pdf  or
              dvi.   This  also  influences the set of graphics formats under-
              stood by pdfTeX.

              If the first line of the main input file begins with %& parse it
              to look for a dump name or a -translate-file option.

              Disable parsing of the first line of the main input file.

       -progname name
              Pretend  to  be program name.  This affects both the format used
              and the search paths.

              Enable the filename recorder.  This leaves a trace of the  files
              opened for input and output in a file with extension .fls.

              Enable  the \write18{command} construct.  The command can be any
              shell command.  This construct is normally disallowed for  secu-
              rity reasons.

              Disable  the  \write18{command} construct, even if it is enabled
              in the texmf.cnf file.

              Enable  restricted  \write18{},  as  explained  in  the  ``Shell
              escapes'' section of the Web2c Texinfo manual.

              In  DVI  mode,  insert  source  specials into the DVI file. This
              option is ignored in PDF mode.

       -src-specials where
              In DVI mode, insert source specials in certain places of the DVI
              file.  The  where  argument is a comma-separated value list: cr,
              display, hbox, math, par,  parent,  or  vbox.   This  option  is
              ignored in PDF mode.

       -synctex NUMBER
              generate  SyncTeX  data for previewers according to bits of NUM-
              BER. See the synctex manual page for details.

       -translate-file tcxname
              Use the tcxname translation table to set the  mapping  of  input
              characters and re-mapping of output characters.

       -default-translate-file tcxname
              Like  -translate-file  except  that  a %& line can overrule this

              Print version information and exit.

       -8bit  make all characters printable by default.


       See the Kpathsea library documentation (e.g., the `Path specifications'
       node)  for  precise  details of how the environment variables are used.
       The kpsewhich utility can be used to query the values of the variables.

       One  caveat: In most pdfTeX formats, you cannot use ~ in a filename you
       give directly to pdfTeX, because ~ is an active character in  TeX,  and
       hence  is  expanded, not taken as part of the filename. Other programs,
       such as Metafont, do not have this problem.

              Normally, pdfTeX puts its output files in the current directory.
              If  any  output file cannot be opened there, it tries to open it
              in the directory specified in the environment variable TEXMFOUT-
              PUT.  There is no default value for that variable.  For example,
              if you say  pdftex  paper  and  the  current  directory  is  not
              writable  and TEXMFOUTPUT has the value /tmp, pdfTeX attempts to
              create /tmp/paper.log (and /tmp/paper.pdf, if any output is pro-
              duced.)   TEXMFOUTPUT  is  also  checked for input files, as TeX
              often generates files that need to  be  subsequently  read;  for
              input,  no suffixes (such as ``.tex'') are added by default, the
              input name is simply checked as given.

              Search path for \input and \openin files.  This normally  starts
              with  ``.'',  so  that user files are found before system files.
              An empty path component will be replaced with the paths  defined
              in   the   texmf.cnf   file.   For  example,  set  TEXINPUTS  to
              ".:/home/user/tex:"  to  prepend  the  current   directory   and
              ``/home/user/tex'' to the standard search path.

              Search path for format files.

              Command  template for switching to editor.  The default, usually
              vi, is set when pdfTeX is compiled.

              Search path for font metric (.tfm) files.

              If set, its value, taken to be in epoch-seconds,  will  be  used
              for  the  timestamps in the PDF output, such as the CreationDate
              and ModDate  keys.   This  is  useful  for  making  reproducible

              If set to the value "1", the time-related TeX primitives (\year,
              \month, \day, \time) are also  initialized  from  the  value  of
              SOURCE_DATE_EPOCH.   This  is  not  recommended  if there is any
              viable alternative.
              pdfTeX also  has  several  primitives  to  support  reproducible
              builds,  which are preferable to setting these environment vari-
              ables; see the main manual.

       Many, many more environment variables may be consulted related to  path
       searching.  See the Kpathsea manual.


       The location of the files mentioned below varies from system to system.
       Use the kpsewhich utility to find their locations.
              Font name mapping definitions.

       *.tfm  Metric files for pdfTeX's fonts.

       *.fmt  Predigested pdfTeX format (.fmt) files.



       This version of pdfTeX fails to trap arithmetic  overflow  when  dimen-
       sions  are  added or subtracted.  Cases where this occurs are rare, but
       when it does the generated DVI or PDF file will be invalid.


       pdfTeX is available for a large variety of  machine  architectures  and
       operating systems.  pdfTeX is part of all major TeX distributions.
       The pdfTeX home page:
       pdfTeX on CTAN:
       pdfTeX mailing list for all discussion:


       This  manual page is not meant to be exhaustive.  The complete documen-
       tation for this version of pdfTeX can be found in the pdfTeX user  man-
       ual  and the Texinfo manuals Kpathsea library, Web2C: A TeX implementa-
       tion.  These manuals, and more, can be accessed from the pdfTeX or CTAN
       web pages given above.

       Some  related  programs:  epstopdf(1),  etex(1),  latex(1),  luatex(1),
       mptopdf(1), tex(1), mf(1).


       The primary authors of pdfTeX are Han The Thanh, Petr Sojka, Jiri  Zla-
       tuska, and Peter Breitenlohner (eTeX).

       TeX  was  designed by Donald E. Knuth, who implemented it using his Web
       system for Pascal programs.  It was  ported  to  Unix  at  Stanford  by
       Howard  Trickey,  and  at  Cornell  by  Pavel  Curtis.  The version now
       offered with the Unix TeX distribution is that generated by the Web  to
       C  system  (web2c), originally written by Tomas Rokicki and Tim Morgan.
       The encTeX extensions were written by Petr Olsak.

Web2C 2020                       6 August 2019                       pdftex(1)

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