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OPENSSL-MAC(1ossl)                  OpenSSL                 OPENSSL-MAC(1ossl)



NAME

       openssl-mac - perform Message Authentication Code operations


SYNOPSIS

       openssl mac [-help] [-cipher] [-digest] [-macopt] [-in filename] [-out
       filename] [-binary] [-provider name] [-provider-path path] [-propquery
       propq] mac_name


DESCRIPTION

       The message authentication code functions output the MAC of a supplied
       input file.


OPTIONS

       -help
           Print a usage message.

       -in filename
           Input filename to calculate a MAC for, or standard input by
           default.  Standard input is used if the filename is '-'.  Files and
           standard input are expected to be in binary format.

       -out filename
           Filename to output to, or standard output by default.

       -binary
           Output the MAC in binary form. Uses hexadecimal text format if not
           specified.

       -cipher name
           Used by CMAC and GMAC to specify the cipher algorithm.  For CMAC it
           should be a CBC mode cipher e.g. AES-128-CBC. For GMAC it should be
           a GCM mode cipher e.g. AES-128-GCM.

       -digest name
           Used by HMAC as an alphanumeric string (use if the key contains
           printable characters only).  The string length must conform to any
           restrictions of the MAC algorithm.  To see the list of supported
           digests, use "openssl list -digest-commands".

       -macopt nm:v
           Passes options to the MAC algorithm.  A comprehensive list of
           controls can be found in the EVP_MAC implementation documentation.
           Common parameter names used by EVP_MAC_CTX_get_params() are:

           key:string
               Specifies the MAC key as an alphanumeric string (use if the key
               contains printable characters only).  The string length must
               conform to any restrictions of the MAC algorithm.  A key must
               be specified for every MAC algorithm.

           hexkey:string
               Specifies the MAC key in hexadecimal form (two hex digits per
               byte).  The key length must conform to any restrictions of the
               MAC algorithm.  A key must be specified for every MAC
               algorithm.

           iv:string
               Used by GMAC to specify an IV as an alphanumeric string (use if
               the IV contains printable characters only).

           hexiv:string
               Used by GMAC to specify an IV in hexadecimal form (two hex
               digits per byte).

           size:int
               Used by KMAC128 or KMAC256 to specify an output length.  The
               default sizes are 32 or 64 bytes respectively.

           custom:string
               Used by KMAC128 or KMAC256 to specify a customization string.
               The default is the empty string "".

           digest:string
               This option is identical to the -digest option.

           cipher:string
               This option is identical to the -cipher option.

       -provider name
       -provider-path path
       -propquery propq
           See "Provider Options" in openssl(1), provider(7), and property(7).

       mac_name
           Specifies the name of a supported MAC algorithm which will be used.
           To see the list of supported MAC's use the command "openssl list
           -mac-algorithms".


EXAMPLES

       To create a hex-encoded HMAC-SHA1 MAC of a file and write to stdout: \
        openssl mac -digest SHA1 \
                -macopt hexkey:000102030405060708090A0B0C0D0E0F10111213 \
                -in msg.bin HMAC

       To create a SipHash MAC from a file with a binary file output: \
        openssl mac -macopt hexkey:000102030405060708090A0B0C0D0E0F \
                -in msg.bin -out out.bin -binary SipHash

       To create a hex-encoded CMAC-AES-128-CBC MAC from a file:\
        openssl mac -cipher AES-128-CBC \
                -macopt hexkey:77A77FAF290C1FA30C683DF16BA7A77B \
                -in msg.bin CMAC

       To create a hex-encoded KMAC128 MAC from a file with a Customisation
       String 'Tag' and output length of 16: \
        openssl mac -macopt custom:Tag -macopt hexkey:40414243444546 \
                -macopt size:16 -in msg.bin KMAC128

       To create a hex-encoded GMAC-AES-128-GCM with a IV from a file: \
        openssl mac -cipher AES-128-GCM -macopt hexiv:E0E00F19FED7BA0136A797F3
       \
                -macopt hexkey:77A77FAF290C1FA30C683DF16BA7A77B -in msg.bin
       GMAC


NOTES

       The MAC mechanisms that are available will depend on the options used
       when building OpenSSL.  Use "openssl list -mac-algorithms" to list
       them.


SEE ALSO

       openssl(1), EVP_MAC(3), EVP_MAC-CMAC(7), EVP_MAC-GMAC(7),
       EVP_MAC-HMAC(7), EVP_MAC-KMAC(7), EVP_MAC-Siphash(7),
       EVP_MAC-Poly1305(7)


COPYRIGHT

       Copyright 2018-2023 The OpenSSL Project Authors. All Rights Reserved.

       Licensed under the Apache License 2.0 (the "License").  You may not use
       this file except in compliance with the License.  You can obtain a copy
       in the file LICENSE in the source distribution or at
       <https://www.openssl.org/source/license.html>.

3.2.0                             2023-11-23                OPENSSL-MAC(1ossl)

openssl 3.2.0 - Generated Wed Nov 29 08:15:30 CST 2023
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