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ils(1)                                                                  ils(1)




NAME

       ils - List inode information


SYNOPSIS

       ils  [-emOpvV] [-f fstype ] [-s seconds ] [-i imgtype ] [-o imgoffset ]
       [-b dev_sector_size] image [images] [start-stop]

       ils [-aAlLvVzZ] [-f fstype ] [-s seconds ] [-i imgtype ] [-o  imgoffset
       ] image [images] [start-stop]


DESCRIPTION

       ils  opens  the named image(s) and lists inode information. By default,
       ils lists only the inodes of removed files.

       Arguments:

       -e     List every inode in the file system.

       -f fstype
              Specifies the file system type.  Use '-f list' to list the  sup-
              ported  file  system types.  If not given, autodetection methods
              are used.

       -s seconds
              The time skew of the original system in seconds.   For  example,
              if the original system was 100 seconds slow, this value would be
              -100.

       -m     Display the inode details in the format that the mactime program
              reads (replaces the ils2mac script from TCT)

       -O     List only inodes of removed files that are still open or execut-
              ing.  This option is short-hand notation for -aL "(see the  fine
              controls section below). (this used to be -o).

       -p     Display orphan inodes (unallocated with no file name)

       -r     (default)  List  only  inodes  of  removed files. This option is
              short-hand notation for  -LZ  (see  the  fine  controls  section
              below).

       -i imgtype
              Identify  the type of image file, such as raw.  Use '-i list' to
              list the supported types.  If not given,  autodetection  methods
              are used.

       -o imgoffset
              The sector offset where the file system starts in the image.

       -b dev_sector_size
              The  size,  in  bytes, of the underlying device sectors.  If not
              given, the value in the image format is used (if it  exists)  or
              512-bytes is assumed.

       -v     Turn on verbose mode, output to stderr.

       -V     Display Version.

       image [images]
              The  disk or partition image to read, whose format is given with
              '-i'.  Multiple image file names can be given if  the  image  is
              split  into multiple segments.  If only one image file is given,
              and its name is the first in a sequence (e.g., as  indicated  by
              ending  in  '.001'),  subsequent image segments will be included
              automatically.

       start-stop
              Examine the specified inode number or number range.

       Fine controls:

       -a     List only allocated inodes: these belong to files with at  least
              one  directory  entry  in  the file system, and to removed files
              that are still open or executing.

       -A     List only unallocated inodes: these  belong  to  files  that  no
              longer exist.

       -l     List  only  inodes  with at least one hard link. These belong to
              files with at least one directory entry in the file system.

       -L     List only inodes without any hard links. These belong  to  files
              that  no  longer exist, and to removed files that are still open
              or executing.

       -z     List only inodes that were likely to have not been used.

       -Z     List only inodes that were likely to be used.

       The output format is in time machine format.  The output begins with  a
       two-line  header  that  describes the data origin, and is followed by a
       one-line header that lists the names of the data attributes  that  make
       up the remainder of the output:

       st_ino The inode number.

       st_alloc
              Allocation  status: `a' for allocated inode, `f' for free inode.

       st_uid Owner user ID.

       st_gid Owner group ID.

       st_mtime
              UNIX time (seconds) of last file modification.

       st_atime
              UNIX time (seconds) of last file access.

       st_ctime
              UNIX time (seconds) of last inode status change.

       st_dtime
              UNIX time (seconds) of file deletion (LINUX only).

       st_mode
              File type and permissions (octal).

       st_nlink
              Number of hard links.

       st_size
              File size in bytes.

       st_block0,st_block1
              The first two entries in the direct block address list.


SEE ALSO

       mactime(1)


LICENSE

       This software is distributed under the IBM Public License.


HISTORY

       First appeared in The Coroners Toolkit (TCT) 1.0.


AUTHOR(S)

       Wietse Venema IBM T.J. Watson Research P.O. Box 704  Yorktown  Heights,
       NY 10598, USA

       This  version  is maintained by Brian Carrier (carrier at sleuthkit dot
       org)

       Send documentation updates to <doc-updates at sleuthkit dot org>



                                                                        ils(1)

sleuthkit 4.6.5 - Generated Sun Feb 17 10:40:33 CST 2019
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