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hunspell(1)                                                        hunspell(1)


       hunspell - spell checker, stemmer and morphological analyzer


       hunspell   [-1aDGHhLlmnrstvw]   [--check-url]   [-d   dict[,dict2,...]]
       [--help] [-i enc] [-p dict] [-vv] [--version] [file(s)]


       Hunspell is fashioned after the Ispell program.  The most common  usage
       is "hunspell" or "hunspell filename".  Without filename parameter, hun-
       spell checks the standard input.  Typing "cat" and  "exsample"  in  two
       input  lines, we got an asterisk (it means "cat" is a correct word) and
       a line with corrections:

              $ hunspell -d en_US
              Hunspell 1.2.3
              & exsample 4 0: example, examples, ex sample, ex-sample

       Correct words signed with an '*', '+' or '-', unrecognized words signed
       with '#' or '&' in output lines (see later).  (Close the standard input
       with Ctrl-d on Unix/Linux and Ctrl-Z Enter or Ctrl-C on Windows.)

       With filename parameters, hunspell will display each word of the  files
       which  does  not  appear in the dictionary at the top of the screen and
       allow you to change it.  If there are "near misses" in the  dictionary,
       then  they  are  also  displayed on following lines.  Finally, the line
       containing the word and the previous line are printed at the bottom  of
       the  screen.   If  your terminal can display in reverse video, the word
       itself is highlighted.  You have the option of replacing the word  com-
       pletely,  or  choosing  one of the suggested words. Commands are single
       characters as follows (case is ignored):

              R      Replace the misspelled word completely.

              Space  Accept the word this time only.

              A      Accept the word for the rest of this hunspell session.

              I      Accept the word, capitalized as it is in  the  file,  and
                     update private dictionary.

              U      Accept  the word, and add an uncapitalized (actually, all
                     lower-case) version to the private dictionary.

              S      Ask a stem and a model word and store them in the private
                     dictionary.   The  stem  will  be  accepted also with the
                     affixes of the model word.

              0-n    Replace with one of the suggested words.

              X      Write the rest of this file, ignoring  misspellings,  and
                     start next file.

              Q      Exit immediately and leave the file unchanged.

              ^Z     Suspend hunspell.

              ?      Give help screen.


       -1     Check only first field in lines (delimiter = tabulator).

       -a     The -a option is intended to be used from other programs through
              a pipe.  In this mode, hunspell prints a one-line version  iden-
              tification message, and then begins reading lines of input.  For
              each input line, a single line is written to the standard output
              for each word checked for spelling on the line.  If the word was
              found in the main dictionary, or your personal dictionary,  then
              the  line  contains  only  a '*'.  If the word was found through
              affix removal, then the line contains a '+', a  space,  and  the
              root  word.   If  the  word was found through compound formation
              (concatenation of two words, then the line contains only a  '-'.

              If the word is not in the dictionary, but there are near misses,
              then the line contains an '&', a space, the misspelled  word,  a
              space,  the  number  of  near  misses,  the number of characters
              between the beginning of the line and the beginning of the  mis-
              spelled  word,  a  colon,  another space, and a list of the near
              misses separated by commas and spaces.

              Also, each near miss or guess is capitalized  the  same  as  the
              input  word unless such capitalization is illegal; in the latter
              case each near miss is capitalized correctly  according  to  the

              Finally,  if  the  word  does  not appear in the dictionary, and
              there are no near misses, then the line contains a '#', a space,
              the  misspelled word, a space, and the character offset from the
              beginning of the line.  Each sentence of text  input  is  termi-
              nated  with  an  additional blank line, indicating that hunspell
              has completed processing the input line.

              These output lines can be summarized as follows:

              OK:    *

              Root:  + <root>


              Miss:  & <original> <count> <offset>: <miss>, <miss>, ...

              None:  # <original> <offset>

              For example, a dummy dictionary  containing  the  words  "fray",
              "Frey",   "fry",  and  "refried"  might  produce  the  following
              response to the command "echo 'frqy refries | hunspell -a":
              (#) Hunspell 0.4.1 (beta), 2005-05-26
              & frqy 3 0: fray, Frey, fry
              & refries 1 5: refried

              This mode is also suitable for interactive use when you want  to
              figure  out  the  spelling  of  a  single  word (but this is the
              default behavior of hunspell without -a, too).

              When in the -a mode, hunspell will also accept lines  of  single
              words  prefixed  with  any of '*', '&', '@', '+', '-', '~', '#',
              '!', '%', '`', or '^'.  A line starting with '*' tells  hunspell
              to  insert the word into the user's dictionary (similar to the I
              command).  A line starting with '&' tells hunspell to insert  an
              all-lowercase  version  of  the  word into the user's dictionary
              (similar to the U command).  A line  starting  with  '@'  causes
              hunspell  to  accept  this  word in the future (similar to the A
              command).  A line starting with '+', followed immediately by tex
              or nroff will cause hunspell to parse future input according the
              syntax of that formatter.  A line consisting  solely  of  a  '+'
              will place hunspell in TeX/LaTeX mode (similar to the -t option)
              and '-' returns hunspell to nroff/troff mode (but these commands
              are  obsolete).   However,  the  string  character  type  is not
              changed; the '~' command must be used to do this.  A line start-
              ing with '~' causes hunspell to set internal parameters (in par-
              ticular, the default string character type) based on  the  file-
              name  given  in  the rest of the line.  (A file suffix is suffi-
              cient, but the period must be included.  Instead of a file  name
              or  suffix, a unique name, as listed in the language affix file,
              may be  specified.)   However,  the  formatter  parsing  is  not
              changed;   the '+' command must be used to change the formatter.
              A line prefixed with '#' will cause the personal  dictionary  to
              be saved.  A line prefixed with '!' will turn on terse mode (see
              below), and a line prefixed with '%'  will  return  hunspell  to
              normal  (non-terse) mode.  A line prefixed with '`' will turn on
              verbose-correction mode (see below); this mode can only be  dis-
              abled by turning on terse mode with '%'.

              Any  input  following  the prefix characters '+', '-', '#', '!',
              '%', or '`' is ignored, as is any input following  the  filename
              on  a '~' line.  To allow spell-checking of lines beginning with
              these characters, a line starting with '^'  has  that  character
              removed  before  it is passed to the spell-checking code.  It is
              recommended that programmatic interfaces prefix every data  line
              with  an uparrow to protect themselves against future changes in

              To summarize these:

              *      Add to personal dictionary

              @      Accept word, but leave out of dictionary

              #      Save current personal dictionary

              ~      Set parameters based on filename

              +      Enter TeX mode

              -      Exit TeX mode

              !      Enter terse mode

              %      Exit terse mode

              `      Enter verbose-correction mode

              ^      Spell-check rest of line

              In terse mode, hunspell will not print lines beginning with '*',
              '+', or '-', all of which indicate correct words.  This signifi-
              cantly improves running speed when the driving program is  going
              to ignore correct words anyway.

              In  verbose-correction mode, hunspell includes the original word
              immediately after the indicator character in output lines begin-
              ning  with  '*',  '+', and '-', which simplifies interaction for
              some programs.

              Check URLs, e-mail addresses and directory paths.

       -D     Show detected path of the loaded dictionary,  and  list  of  the
              search path and the available dictionaries.

       -d dict,dict2,...
              Set  dictionaries  by  their  base  names with or without paths.
              Example of the syntax:

       -d en_US,en_geo,en_med,de_DE,de_med

       en_US and de_DE are base dictionaries, they consist of aff and dic file
       pairs:  en_US.aff, en_US.dic and de_DE.aff, de_DE.dic.  En_geo, en_med,
       de_med are special dictionaries: dictionaries without affix file.  Spe-
       cial  dictionaries are optional extension of the base dictionaries usu-
       ally with special (medical, law etc.)  terms. There is no  naming  con-
       vention for special dictionaries, only the ".dic" extension: dictionar-
       ies without affix file will be an extension of the preceding base  dic-
       tionary (right order of the parameter list needs for good suggestions).
       First item of -d parameter list must be a base dictionary.

       -G     Print only correct words or lines.

       -H     The input file is in SGML/HTML format.

       -h, --help
              Short help.

       -i enc Set input encoding.

       -L     Print lines with misspelled words.

       -l     The "list" option is used to produce a list of misspelled  words
              from the standard input.

       hunspell(1) about
              morphological analysis). Without dictionary morphological  data,
              signs  the flags of the affixes of the word forms for dictionary

       -n     The input file is in nroff/troff format.

       -P password
              Set password for encrypted dictionaries.

       -p dict
              Set path of personal dictionary.  The default dictionary depends
              on  the locale settings. The following environment variables are
              searched: LC_ALL, LC_MESSAGES, and LANG. If none  are  set  then
              the default personal dictionary is $HOME/.hunspell_default.

              Setting  -d  or  the DICTIONARY environmental variable, personal
              dictionary will be $HOME/.hunspell_dicname

       -r     Warn of the rare words, wich are also  potential  spelling  mis-

       hunspell(1) about
              stemming). It depends from the dictionary data.

       -t     The input file is in TeX or LaTeX format.

       -v, --version
              Print version number.

       -vv    Print ispell(1) compatible version number.

       -w     Print misspelled words (= lines) from one word/line input.


       hunspell -d en_US english.html

       hunspell -d en_US,en_US_med medical.txt

       hunspell -d ~/openoffice.org2.4/share/dict/ooo/de_DE

       hunspell *.html

       hunspell -l text.html


              Similar to -d.

              Dictionary path.

              Equivalent to -p.


       The default dictionary depends on the locale  settings.  The  following
       environment  variables  are searched: LC_ALL, LC_MESSAGES, and LANG. If
       none are set then the following fallbacks are used:

       /usr/share/myspell/default.aff Path of default  affix  file.  See  hun-

       /usr/share/myspell/default.dic  Path  of  default dictionary file.  See

       $HOME/.hunspell_default.  Default path to personal dictionary.




       Author of Hunspell  executable  is  LAiszlA3  NA(C)meth.  For  Hunspell
       library, see hunspell(1).

       This manual based on Ispell's manual. See ispell(1).


       There are some layout problems with long lines.

                                  2011-01-21                       hunspell(1)

hunspell 1.3.1 - Generated Fri Feb 18 07:30:39 CST 2011
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