manpagez: man pages & more
man git-init(1)
Home | html | info | man
git-init(1)                        Git Manual                        git-init(1)


       git-init - Create an empty Git repository or reinitialize an existing one


       git init [-q | --quiet] [--bare] [--template=<template-directory>]
                 [--separate-git-dir <git-dir>] [--object-format=<format>]
                 [-b <branch-name> | --initial-branch=<branch-name>]
                 [--shared[=<permissions>]] [<directory>]


       This command creates an empty Git repository - basically a .git directory
       with subdirectories for objects, refs/heads, refs/tags, and template
       files. An initial branch without any commits will be created (see the
       --initial-branch option below for its name).

       If the $GIT_DIR environment variable is set then it specifies a path to
       use instead of ./.git for the base of the repository.

       If the object storage directory is specified via the
       $GIT_OBJECT_DIRECTORY environment variable then the sha1 directories are
       created underneath - otherwise the default $GIT_DIR/objects directory is

       Running git init in an existing repository is safe. It will not overwrite
       things that are already there. The primary reason for rerunning git init
       is to pick up newly added templates (or to move the repository to another
       place if --separate-git-dir is given).


       -q, --quiet
           Only print error and warning messages; all other output will be

           Create a bare repository. If GIT_DIR environment is not set, it is
           set to the current working directory.

           Specify the given object format (hash algorithm) for the repository.
           The valid values are sha1 and (if enabled) sha256.  sha1 is the

           THIS OPTION IS EXPERIMENTAL! SHA-256 support is experimental and
           still in an early stage. A SHA-256 repository will in general not be
           able to share work with "regular" SHA-1 repositories. It should be
           assumed that, e.g., Git internal file formats in relation to SHA-256
           repositories may change in backwards-incompatible ways. Only use
           --object-format=sha256 for testing purposes.

           Specify the directory from which templates will be used. (See the
           "TEMPLATE DIRECTORY" section below.)

           Instead of initializing the repository as a directory to either
           $GIT_DIR or ./.git/, create a text file there containing the path to
           the actual repository. This file acts as filesystem-agnostic Git
           symbolic link to the repository.

           If this is reinitialization, the repository will be moved to the
           specified path.

       -b <branch-name>, --initial-branch=<branch-name>
           Use the specified name for the initial branch in the newly created
           repository. If not specified, fall back to the default name
           (currently master, but this is subject to change in the future; the
           name can be customized via the init.defaultBranch configuration

           Specify that the Git repository is to be shared amongst several
           users. This allows users belonging to the same group to push into
           that repository. When specified, the config variable
           "core.sharedRepository" is set so that files and directories under
           $GIT_DIR are created with the requested permissions. When not
           specified, Git will use permissions reported by umask(2).

           The option can have the following values, defaulting to group if no
           value is given:

           umask (or false)
               Use permissions reported by umask(2). The default, when --shared
               is not specified.

           group (or true)
               Make the repository group-writable, (and g+sx, since the git
               group may be not the primary group of all users). This is used to
               loosen the permissions of an otherwise safe umask(2) value. Note
               that the umask still applies to the other permission bits (e.g.
               if umask is 0022, using group will not remove read privileges
               from other (non-group) users). See 0xxx for how to exactly
               specify the repository permissions.

           all (or world or everybody)
               Same as group, but make the repository readable by all users.

               <perm> is a 3-digit octal number prefixed with `0` and each file
               will have mode <perm>.  <perm> will override users' umask(2)
               value (and not only loosen permissions as group and all does).
               0640 will create a repository which is group-readable, but not
               group-writable or accessible to others.  0660 will create a repo
               that is readable and writable to the current user and group, but
               inaccessible to others (directories and executable files get
               their x bit from the r bit for corresponding classes of users).

       By default, the configuration flag receive.denyNonFastForwards is enabled
       in shared repositories, so that you cannot force a non fast-forwarding
       push into it.

       If you provide a directory, the command is run inside it. If this
       directory does not exist, it will be created.


       Files and directories in the template directory whose name do not start
       with a dot will be copied to the $GIT_DIR after it is created.

       The template directory will be one of the following (in order):

       o   the argument given with the --template option;

       o   the contents of the $GIT_TEMPLATE_DIR environment variable;

       o   the init.templateDir configuration variable; or

       o   the default template directory: /usr/share/git-core/templates.

       The default template directory includes some directory structure,
       suggested "exclude patterns" (see gitignore(5)), and sample hook files.

       The sample hooks are all disabled by default. To enable one of the sample
       hooks rename it by removing its .sample suffix.

       See githooks(5) for more general info on hook execution.


       Start a new Git repository for an existing code base

               $ cd /path/to/my/codebase
               $ git init      (1)
               $ git add .     (2)
               $ git commit    (3)

           1. Create a /path/to/my/codebase/.git directory.
           2. Add all existing files to the index.
           3. Record the pristine state as the first commit in the history.


       Everything below this line in this section is selectively included from
       the git-config(1) documentation. The content is the same as what's found

           Specify the directory from which templates will be copied. (See the
           "TEMPLATE DIRECTORY" section of git-init(1).)

           Allows overriding the default branch name e.g. when initializing a
           new repository.


       Part of the git(1) suite

Git 2.38.0                         10/02/2022                        git-init(1)

git 2.38.0 - Generated Fri Oct 7 09:40:20 CDT 2022
© 2000-2023
Individual documents may contain additional copyright information.