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GIMP(1)                        GIMP Manual Pages                       GIMP(1)


       gimp - an image manipulation and paint program.


       gimp   [-h]   [--help]   [--help-all]   [--help-gtk]  [-v]  [--version]
       [--license] [--verbose]  [-n]  [--new-instance]  [-a]  [--as-new]  [-i]
       [--no-interface]  [-d] [--no-data] [-f] [--no-fonts] [-s] [--no-splash]
       [--no-shm] [--no-cpu-accel] [--display display] [--session <name>] [-g]
       [--gimprc  <gimprc>] [--system-gimprc <gimprc>] [--dump-gimprc] [--con-
       sole-messages]    [--debug-handlers]    [--stack-trace-mode     <mode>]
       [--pdb-compat-mode   <mode>]   [--batch-interpreter  <procedure>]  [-b]
       [--batch <command>] [filename] ...


       GIMP is the GNU Image Manipulation Program. It  is  used  to  edit  and
       manipulate  images. It can load and save a variety of image formats and
       can be used to convert between formats.

       GIMP can also be used as a paint program. It features a set of  drawing
       and  painting  tools  such as airbrush, clone, pencil, and paint brush.
       Painting and drawing tools can be applied to an image with a variety of
       paint modes.  It also offers an extensive array of selection tools like
       rectangle, ellipse, fuzzy select, bezier select, intelligent  scissors,
       and select by color.

       GIMP  offers  a  variety  of  plug-ins  that perform a variety of image
       manipulations.  Examples include bumpmap, edge detect,  gaussian  blur,
       and  many  others.  In  addition,  GIMP has several scripting extension
       which allow for advanced non-interactive  processing  and  creation  of

       GIMP  ships  with a second binary called gimp-console. This binary is a
       console-only version and  behaves  as  if  gimp  was  called  with  the
       --no-interface command-line option.

       On  platforms  with  the D-Bus message bus system, GIMP will by default
       check if an instance is already running in this  user  session.  If  it
       detects  that,  it will pass all filenames given on the command-line to
       the already running GIMP instance and quit.


       GIMP accepts the following options:

       -h, --help
               Show GIMP command-line options.

               Show all command-line options.

               Show GTK+ command-line options.

               Show GEGL command-line options.

       -v, --version
               Output version information and exit.  When  combined  with  the
               --verbose  option,  version information about libraries used by
               GIMP is shown as well.

               Output license information and exit.

               Be verbose and create information on standard output.

       -n, --new-instance
               Do not attempt to  reuse  an  already  running  GIMP  instance.
               Always start a new one.

       -a, --as-new
               Open  filenames passed on the command-line as new images, don't
               set the filename on them.

       -i, --no-interface
               Run without a user interface.

       -d, --no-data
               Do not load patterns, gradients, palettes,  or  brushes.  Often
               useful  in  non-interactive situations where startup time is to
               be minimized.

       -f, --no-fonts
               Do not load any fonts. No text functionality will be  available
               if this option is used.

       --display display
               Use the designated X display.

       -s, --no-splash
               Do not show the splash screen.

               Do  not  use  shared  memory  between  GIMP  and  its plug-ins.
               Instead of using shared memory, GIMP will  send  the  data  via
               pipe.  This will result in slower performance than using shared

               Do not use CPU accelerations such as MMX or SSE  even  if  GIMP
               detects that your CPU provides this functionality.

       --session <name>
               Use a different sessionrc for this GIMP session. The given ses-
               sion name is appended to the default sessionrc filename.

       -g, --gimprc <gimprc>
               Use an alternative gimprc instead of the default one. Useful in
               cases where plug-in paths or machine specs may be different.

       --system-gimprc <gimprc>
               Use an alternate system gimprc file.

               Output a gimprc file with default settings.

               Enable debugging signal handlers.

       -c, --console-messages
               Do not popup dialog boxes on errors or warnings. Print the mes-
               sages on the console instead.

       --stack-trace-mode {never|query|always}
               If a stack-trace should be generated in case of fatal  signals.

       --pdb-compat-mode {off|on|warn}
               If the PDB should provide aliases for deprecated functions.

       --batch-interpreter <procedure>
               Specifies  the  procedure  to  use to process batch events. The
               default is to let Script-Fu evaluate the commands.

       -b, --batch <command>
               Execute <command> non-interactively.  This  option  may  appear
               multiple  times.   The  <command> is passed to the batch inter-
               preter. When <command> is - the commands are read from standard


       GIMP respects a number of environment variables.

       DISPLAY to get the default host and display number.

               to  get  the  name  of  the  personal  GIMP directory. If unset
               .gimp-2.8 is used.  If this is an absolute path, it is used  as
               is.  If it is a relative path, it is taken to be a subdirectory
               of the home directory.

               to get the base location for data files  such  as  brushes  and
               patterns.  If unset ${datarootdir}/gimp/2.0 is used.

               to get the base location for translations. If unset ${dataroot-
               dir}/locale is used.

               to get the base location for plug-ins  and  modules.  If  unset
               ${exec_prefix}/lib/gimp/2.0 is used.

               to  get  the  location  of configuration files. If unset ${pre-
               fix}/etc/gimp/2.0 is used.

               On Linux GIMP can be compiled with support for binary relocati-
               bility.  This will cause data, plug-ins and configuration files
               to be searched relative to the location of the gimp  executable
               file  unless  overridden by the environment variables mentioned


       GIMP's data files are stored in ${datarootdir}/gimp/2.0, where  ${data-
       rootdir} is set on install, but is typically /usr/share. GIMP's system-
       wide configuration files are stored  in  ${prefix}/etc/gimp/2.0,  where
       ${prefix} is typically /usr.

       Most  GIMP  configuration  is  read  in  from  the  user's  init  file,
       $HOME/.gimp-2.8/gimprc.  The  system  wide  equivalent  is  in   ${pre-
       fix}/etc/gimprc. The system wide file is parsed first and the user gim-
       prc can override the system settings.  ${prefix}/etc/gimprc_user is the
       default gimprc placed in users' home directories the first time GIMP is

       $HOME/.gimp-2.8/devicerc - holds settings for  input  devices  together
       with  the  tool, colors, brush, pattern and gradient associated to that

       $HOME/.gimp-2.8/gtkrc - users set of  GIMP-specific  GTK+  config  set-
       tings. Options such as widget color and fonts sizes can be set here.

       ${prefix}/etc/gimp/2.0/gtkrc - system wide default set of GIMP-specific
       GTK+ config settings.

       $HOME/.gimp-2.8/menurc - user's set of keybindings.

       $HOME/.gimp-2.8/parasiterc - Stores all persistent GIMP parasites. This
       file will be rewritten every time you quit GIMP.

       $HOME/.gimp-2.8/sessionrc - This file takes session-specific info (that
       is info, you want to keep between two GIMP sessions). You are not  sup-
       posed  to edit it manually, but of course you can do. This file will be
       entirely rewritten every time you quit GIMP. If this file isn't  found,
       defaults are used.

       $HOME/.gimp-2.8/templaterc - Image templates are kept in this file. New
       images can conveniently created from  these  templates.  If  this  file
       isn't found, defaults are used.

       ${prefix}/etc/gimp/2.0/unitrc - default user unit database. It contains
       the unit definitions for centimeters, meters, feet, yards,  typographic
       points  and  typographic  picas and is placed in users home directories
       the first time GIMP is ran. If this  file  isn't  found,  defaults  are

       $HOME/.gimp-2.8/unitrc  -  This  file contains your user unit database.
       You can modify this list with the unit editor. You are not supposed  to
       edit it manually, but of course you can do.  This file will be entirely
       rewritten every time you quit GIMP.

       $HOME/.gimp-2.8/plug-ins - location of user installed plug-ins.

       $HOME/.gimp-2.8/pluginrc - plug-in  initialization  values  are  stored
       here. This file is parsed on startup and regenerated if need be.

       $HOME/.gimp-2.8/modules - location of user installed modules.

       $HOME/.gimp-2.8/tmp  -  default  location  that  GIMP uses as temporary

       ${datarootdir}/gimp/2.0/brushes - system wide brush files.

       $HOME/.gimp-2.8/brushes - user created and installed brush files. These
       files are in the .gbr, .gih or .vbr file formats.

       $HOME/.gimp-2.8/curves  -  Curve profiles and presets as saved from the
       Curves tool.

       $HOME/.gimp-2.8/gimpressionist - Presets and user created  brushes  and
       papers are stored here.

       $HOME/.gimp-2.8/levels  -  Level profiles and presets as saved from the
       Levels tool.

       ${datarootdir}/gimp/2.0/palettes - the system wide palette files.

       $HOME/.gimp-2.8/palettes - user created  and  modified  palette  files.
       This files are in the .gpl format.

       ${datarootdir}/gimp/2.0/patterns  -  basic  set  of patterns for use in

       $HOME/.gimp-2.8/patterns - user  created  and  installed  gimp  pattern
       files. This files are in the .pat format.

       ${datarootdir}/gimp/2.0/gradients  - standard system wide set of gradi-
       ent files.

       $HOME/.gimp-2.8/gradients - user created and installed gradient  files.

       ${datarootdir}/gimp/2.0/scripts - system wide directory of scripts used
       in Script-Fu and other scripting extensions.

       $HOME/.gimp-2.8/scripts - user created and installed scripts.

       ${datarootdir}/gimp/2.0/gflares - system wide  directory  used  by  the
       gflare plug-in.

       $HOME/.gimp-2.8/gflares - user created and installed gflare files.

       ${datarootdir}/gimp/2.0/gfig  -  system wide directory used by the gfig

       $HOME/.gimp-2.8/gfig - user created and installed gfig files.

       ${datarootdir}/gimp/2.0/images/gimp-splash.png - the default image used
       for the GIMP splash screen.

       ${datarootdir}/gimp/2.0/images/gimp-logo.png  -  image used in the GIMP
       about dialog.

       ${datarootdir}/gimp/2.0/tips/gimp-tips.xml - tips as displayed  in  the
       "Tip of the Day" dialog box.


       GIMP  comes  with  a  default image for the splash screen but it allows
       system administrators and users to customize the splash screen by  pro-
       viding  other  images.  The  image to be used with the splash screen is
       chosen as follows:

       1.     GIMP tries to load a random splash  screen  from  the  directory

       2.     It then falls back to using $HOME/.gimp-2.8/gimp-splash.png.

       3.     If  the  user  didn't install any custom splash images, a random
              image is picked from ${datarootdir}/gimp/2.0/splashes.

       4.     As a last resort, GIMP uses the default splash image located  at


       Any  bugs  found  should  be reported to the online bug-tracking system
       available on the web at  Before  reporting
       bugs, please check to see if the bug has already been reported.

       When  reporting GIMP bugs, it is important to include a reliable way to
       reproduce the bug, version number of GIMP (and probably GTK+), OS  name
       and  version,  and  any  relevant hardware specs. If a bug is causing a
       crash, it is very useful if a stack  trace  can  be  provided.  And  of
       course, patches to rectify the bug are even better.


       The canonical place to find GIMP info is at  Here
       you can find links to just about many other GIMP sites, tutorials, data
       sets, mailing list archives, and more.

       There  is  also  a  GIMP User Manual available at
       that goes into much more detail about the interactive use of GIMP.

       The latest versions of GIMP and the GTK+ libs are always  available  at


       Spencer Kimball, Peter Mattis and the GIMP Development Team.

       With patches, fixes, plug-ins, extensions, scripts, translations, docu-
       mentation and more from lots and lots of people all over the world.


       gimprc(5), gimptool(1),

Version 2.8.0                    March 23 2008                         GIMP(1)

gimp 2.8.0 - Generated Fri May 4 08:27:44 CDT 2012
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