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detex(1)                                                              detex(1)


       detex - a filter to strip TeX commands from a .tex file.


       detex [ -clnstw ] [ -e environment-list ] [ filename[.tex] ... ]


       Detex reads each file in sequence, removes all comments and TeX control
       sequences and writes the remainder on the standard output.  All text in
       math  mode  and  display  mode  is  removed.  By default, detex follows
       \input commands.  If a file cannot be  opened,  a  warning  message  is
       printed  and  the  command  is  ignored.   If the -n option is used, no
       \input or \include commands will be processed.  This allows single file
       processing.  If no input file is given on the command line, detex reads
       from standard input.

       If the magic sequence ``\begin{document}'' appears in the  text,  detex
       assumes it is dealing with LaTeX source and detex recognizes additional
       constructs used in LaTeX.  These include the \include and  \includeonly
       commands.   The  -l  option  can be used to force LaTeX mode and the -t
       option can be used to force TeX mode regardless of input content.

       Text in various environment modes of LaTeX  is  ignored.   The  default
       modes  are  array,  eqnarray, equation, longtable, picture, tabular and
       verbatim.  The -e option can be used to specify a comma separated envi-
       ronment-list of environments to ignore.  The list replaces the defaults
       so specifying an empty list effectively causes no  environments  to  be

       The  -c  option  can be used in LaTeX mode to have detex echo the argu-
       ments to \cite, \ref, and \pageref macros.  This  can  be  useful  when
       sending the output to a style checker.

       Detex  assumes  the  standard character classes are being used for TeX.
       Detex allows white space between control sequences and magic characters
       like `{' when recognizing things like LaTeX environments.

       The  -r  option  tries to naively replace $..$, $$..$$,  and with nouns
       and verbs (in particular, "noun" and "verbs") in a way that keeps  sen-
       tences readable.

       If  the -w flag is given, the output is a word list, one `word' (string
       of two or more letters and apostrophes beginning  with  a  letter)  per
       line,  and all other characters ignored.  Without -w the output follows
       the original, with the deletions mentioned above.   Newline  characters
       are  preserved  where  possible  so  that the lines of output match the
       input as closely as possible.

       The -1 option will prefix each printed line with `filename:linenumber:`
       indicating  where  that  line  is  coming from in terms of the original
       (La)TeX document.

       The TEXINPUTS environment variable is used to find \input and  \include
       files.   Like  TeX,  it  interprets  a  leading  or trailing `:' as the
       default TEXINPUTS.  It does not support the  `//'  directory  expansion
       magic sequence.

       Detex  now handles the basic TeX ligatures as a special case, replacing
       the ligatures with acceptable charater  substitutes.   This  eliminates
       spelling  errors introduced by merely removing them.  The ligatures are
       \aa, \ae, \oe, \ss, \o, \l (and  their  upper-case  equivalents).   The
       special  "dotless"  characters \i and \j are also replaced with i and j

       Note that previous versions of detex would  replace  control  sequences
       with  a  space  character to prevent words from running together.  How-
       ever, this caused accents in the middle of words to break words, gener-
       ating  "spelling  errors"  that were not desirable.  Therefore, the new
       version merely removes these accents.  The  old  functionality  can  be
       essentially duplicated by using the -s option.




       Nesting  of  \input  is allowed but the number of opened files must not
       exceed the system's limit on the number of simultaneously opened files.
       Detex  ignores  unrecognized option characters after printing a warning


       Originally written by Daniel Trinkle, Computer Science Department, Pur-
       due University

       Maintained  by Piotr Kubowicz <>.


       Detex is not a complete TeX interpreter, so it can be confused by  some
       constructs.  Most errors result in too much rather than too little out-

       Running LaTeX source without a ``\begin{document}'' through  detex  may
       produce errors.

       Suggestions for improvements are (mildly) encouraged.

Purdue University               12 August 1993                        detex(1)

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