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4.8 Table of Long Options

Here is a table of long options used by GNU programs. It is surely incomplete, but we aim to list all the options that a new program might want to be compatible with. If you use names not already in the table, please send bug-standards@gnu.org a list of them, with their meanings, so we can update the table.

after-date

-N’ in tar.

all

-a’ in du, ls, nm, stty, uname, and unexpand.

all-text

-a’ in diff.

almost-all

-A’ in ls.

append

-a’ in etags, tee, time; ‘-r’ in tar.

archive

-a’ in cp.

archive-name

-n’ in shar.

arglength

-l’ in m4.

ascii

-a’ in diff.

assign

-v’ in gawk.

assume-new

-W’ in Make.

assume-old

-o’ in Make.

auto-check

-a’ in recode.

auto-pager

-a’ in wdiff.

auto-reference

-A’ in ptx.

avoid-wraps

-n’ in wdiff.

background

For server programs, run in the background.

backward-search

-B’ in ctags.

basename

-f’ in shar.

batch

Used in GDB.

baud

Used in GDB.

before

-b’ in tac.

binary

-b’ in cpio and diff.

bits-per-code

-b’ in shar.

block-size

Used in cpio and tar.

blocks

-b’ in head and tail.

break-file

-b’ in ptx.

brief

Used in various programs to make output shorter.

bytes

-c’ in head, split, and tail.

c++

-C’ in etags.

catenate

-A’ in tar.

cd

Used in various programs to specify the directory to use.

changes

-c’ in chgrp and chown.

classify

-F’ in ls.

colons

-c’ in recode.

command

-c’ in su; ‘-x’ in GDB.

compare

-d’ in tar.

compat

Used in gawk.

compress

-Z’ in tar and shar.

concatenate

-A’ in tar.

confirmation

-w’ in tar.

context

Used in diff.

copyleft

-W copyleft’ in gawk.

copyright

-C’ in ptx, recode, and wdiff; ‘-W copyright’ in gawk.

core

Used in GDB.

count

-q’ in who.

count-links

-l’ in du.

create

Used in tar and cpio.

cut-mark

-c’ in shar.

cxref

-x’ in ctags.

date

-d’ in touch.

debug

-d’ in Make and m4; ‘-t’ in Bison.

define

-D’ in m4.

defines

-d’ in Bison and ctags.

delete

-D’ in tar.

dereference

-L’ in chgrp, chown, cpio, du, ls, and tar.

dereference-args

-D’ in du.

device

Specify an I/O device (special file name).

diacritics

-d’ in recode.

dictionary-order

-d’ in look.

diff

-d’ in tar.

digits

-n’ in csplit.

directory

Specify the directory to use, in various programs. In ls, it means to show directories themselves rather than their contents. In rm and ln, it means to not treat links to directories specially.

discard-all

-x’ in strip.

discard-locals

-X’ in strip.

dry-run

-n’ in Make.

ed

-e’ in diff.

elide-empty-files

-z’ in csplit.

end-delete

-x’ in wdiff.

end-insert

-z’ in wdiff.

entire-new-file

-N’ in diff.

environment-overrides

-e’ in Make.

eof

-e’ in xargs.

epoch

Used in GDB.

error-limit

Used in makeinfo.

error-output

-o’ in m4.

escape

-b’ in ls.

exclude-from

-X’ in tar.

exec

Used in GDB.

exit

-x’ in xargs.

exit-0

-e’ in unshar.

expand-tabs

-t’ in diff.

expression

-e’ in sed.

extern-only

-g’ in nm.

extract

-i’ in cpio; ‘-x’ in tar.

faces

-f’ in finger.

fast

-f’ in su.

fatal-warnings

-E’ in m4.

file

-f’ in info, gawk, Make, mt, and tar; ‘-n’ in sed; ‘-r’ in touch.

field-separator

-F’ in gawk.

file-prefix

-b’ in Bison.

file-type

-F’ in ls.

files-from

-T’ in tar.

fill-column

Used in makeinfo.

flag-truncation

-F’ in ptx.

fixed-output-files

-y’ in Bison.

follow

-f’ in tail.

footnote-style

Used in makeinfo.

force

-f’ in cp, ln, mv, and rm.

force-prefix

-F’ in shar.

foreground

For server programs, run in the foreground; in other words, don't do anything special to run the server in the background.

format

Used in ls, time, and ptx.

freeze-state

-F’ in m4.

fullname

Used in GDB.

gap-size

-g’ in ptx.

get

-x’ in tar.

graphic

-i’ in ul.

graphics

-g’ in recode.

group

-g’ in install.

gzip

-z’ in tar and shar.

hashsize

-H’ in m4.

header

-h’ in objdump and recode

heading

-H’ in who.

help

Used to ask for brief usage information.

here-delimiter

-d’ in shar.

hide-control-chars

-q’ in ls.

html

In makeinfo, output HTML.

idle

-u’ in who.

ifdef

-D’ in diff.

ignore

-I’ in ls; ‘-x’ in recode.

ignore-all-space

-w’ in diff.

ignore-backups

-B’ in ls.

ignore-blank-lines

-B’ in diff.

ignore-case

-f’ in look and ptx; ‘-i’ in diff and wdiff.

ignore-errors

-i’ in Make.

ignore-file

-i’ in ptx.

ignore-indentation

-I’ in etags.

ignore-init-file

-f’ in Oleo.

ignore-interrupts

-i’ in tee.

ignore-matching-lines

-I’ in diff.

ignore-space-change

-b’ in diff.

ignore-zeros

-i’ in tar.

include

-i’ in etags; ‘-I’ in m4.

include-dir

-I’ in Make.

incremental

-G’ in tar.

info

-i’, ‘-l’, and ‘-m’ in Finger.

init-file

In some programs, specify the name of the file to read as the user's init file.

initial

-i’ in expand.

initial-tab

-T’ in diff.

inode

-i’ in ls.

interactive

-i’ in cp, ln, mv, rm; ‘-e’ in m4; ‘-p’ in xargs; ‘-w’ in tar.

intermix-type

-p’ in shar.

iso-8601

Used in date

jobs

-j’ in Make.

just-print

-n’ in Make.

keep-going

-k’ in Make.

keep-files

-k’ in csplit.

kilobytes

-k’ in du and ls.

language

-l’ in etags.

less-mode

-l’ in wdiff.

level-for-gzip

-g’ in shar.

line-bytes

-C’ in split.

lines

Used in split, head, and tail.

link

-l’ in cpio.

lint
lint-old

Used in gawk.

list

-t’ in cpio; ‘-l’ in recode.

list

-t’ in tar.

literal

-N’ in ls.

load-average

-l’ in Make.

login

Used in su.

machine

Used in uname.

macro-name

-M’ in ptx.

mail

-m’ in hello and uname.

make-directories

-d’ in cpio.

makefile

-f’ in Make.

mapped

Used in GDB.

max-args

-n’ in xargs.

max-chars

-n’ in xargs.

max-lines

-l’ in xargs.

max-load

-l’ in Make.

max-procs

-P’ in xargs.

mesg

-T’ in who.

message

-T’ in who.

minimal

-d’ in diff.

mixed-uuencode

-M’ in shar.

mode

-m’ in install, mkdir, and mkfifo.

modification-time

-m’ in tar.

multi-volume

-M’ in tar.

name-prefix

-a’ in Bison.

nesting-limit

-L’ in m4.

net-headers

-a’ in shar.

new-file

-W’ in Make.

no-builtin-rules

-r’ in Make.

no-character-count

-w’ in shar.

no-check-existing

-x’ in shar.

no-common

-3’ in wdiff.

no-create

-c’ in touch.

no-defines

-D’ in etags.

no-deleted

-1’ in wdiff.

no-dereference

-d’ in cp.

no-inserted

-2’ in wdiff.

no-keep-going

-S’ in Make.

no-lines

-l’ in Bison.

no-piping

-P’ in shar.

no-prof

-e’ in gprof.

no-regex

-R’ in etags.

no-sort

-p’ in nm.

no-splash

Don't print a startup splash screen.

no-split

Used in makeinfo.

no-static

-a’ in gprof.

no-time

-E’ in gprof.

no-timestamp

-m’ in shar.

no-validate

Used in makeinfo.

no-wait

Used in emacsclient.

no-warn

Used in various programs to inhibit warnings.

node

-n’ in info.

nodename

-n’ in uname.

nonmatching

-f’ in cpio.

nstuff

-n’ in objdump.

null

-0’ in xargs.

number

-n’ in cat.

number-nonblank

-b’ in cat.

numeric-sort

-n’ in nm.

numeric-uid-gid

-n’ in cpio and ls.

nx

Used in GDB.

old-archive

-o’ in tar.

old-file

-o’ in Make.

one-file-system

-l’ in tar, cp, and du.

only-file

-o’ in ptx.

only-prof

-f’ in gprof.

only-time

-F’ in gprof.

options

-o’ in getopt, fdlist, fdmount, fdmountd, and fdumount.

output

In various programs, specify the output file name.

output-prefix

-o’ in shar.

override

-o’ in rm.

overwrite

-c’ in unshar.

owner

-o’ in install.

paginate

-l’ in diff.

paragraph-indent

Used in makeinfo.

parents

-p’ in mkdir and rmdir.

pass-all

-p’ in ul.

pass-through

-p’ in cpio.

port

-P’ in finger.

portability

-c’ in cpio and tar.

posix

Used in gawk.

prefix-builtins

-P’ in m4.

prefix

-f’ in csplit.

preserve

Used in tar and cp.

preserve-environment

-p’ in su.

preserve-modification-time

-m’ in cpio.

preserve-order

-s’ in tar.

preserve-permissions

-p’ in tar.

print

-l’ in diff.

print-chars

-L’ in cmp.

print-data-base

-p’ in Make.

print-directory

-w’ in Make.

print-file-name

-o’ in nm.

print-symdefs

-s’ in nm.

printer

-p’ in wdiff.

prompt

-p’ in ed.

proxy

Specify an HTTP proxy.

query-user

-X’ in shar.

question

-q’ in Make.

quiet

Used in many programs to inhibit the usual output. Every program accepting ‘--quiet’ should accept ‘--silent’ as a synonym.

quiet-unshar

-Q’ in shar

quote-name

-Q’ in ls.

rcs

-n’ in diff.

re-interval

Used in gawk.

read-full-blocks

-B’ in tar.

readnow

Used in GDB.

recon

-n’ in Make.

record-number

-R’ in tar.

recursive

Used in chgrp, chown, cp, ls, diff, and rm.

reference-limit

Used in makeinfo.

references

-r’ in ptx.

regex

-r’ in tac and etags.

release

-r’ in uname.

reload-state

-R’ in m4.

relocation

-r’ in objdump.

rename

-r’ in cpio.

replace

-i’ in xargs.

report-identical-files

-s’ in diff.

reset-access-time

-a’ in cpio.

reverse

-r’ in ls and nm.

reversed-ed

-f’ in diff.

right-side-defs

-R’ in ptx.

same-order

-s’ in tar.

same-permissions

-p’ in tar.

save

-g’ in stty.

se

Used in GDB.

sentence-regexp

-S’ in ptx.

separate-dirs

-S’ in du.

separator

-s’ in tac.

sequence

Used by recode to chose files or pipes for sequencing passes.

shell

-s’ in su.

show-all

-A’ in cat.

show-c-function

-p’ in diff.

show-ends

-E’ in cat.

show-function-line

-F’ in diff.

show-tabs

-T’ in cat.

silent

Used in many programs to inhibit the usual output. Every program accepting ‘--silent’ should accept ‘--quiet’ as a synonym.

size

-s’ in ls.

socket

Specify a file descriptor for a network server to use for its socket, instead of opening and binding a new socket. This provides a way to run, in a non-privileged process, a server that normally needs a reserved port number.

sort

Used in ls.

source

-W source’ in gawk.

sparse

-S’ in tar.

speed-large-files

-H’ in diff.

split-at

-E’ in unshar.

split-size-limit

-L’ in shar.

squeeze-blank

-s’ in cat.

start-delete

-w’ in wdiff.

start-insert

-y’ in wdiff.

starting-file

Used in tar and diff to specify which file within a directory to start processing with.

statistics

-s’ in wdiff.

stdin-file-list

-S’ in shar.

stop

-S’ in Make.

strict

-s’ in recode.

strip

-s’ in install.

strip-all

-s’ in strip.

strip-debug

-S’ in strip.

submitter

-s’ in shar.

suffix

-S’ in cp, ln, mv.

suffix-format

-b’ in csplit.

sum

-s’ in gprof.

summarize

-s’ in du.

symbolic

-s’ in ln.

symbols

Used in GDB and objdump.

synclines

-s’ in m4.

sysname

-s’ in uname.

tabs

-t’ in expand and unexpand.

tabsize

-T’ in ls.

terminal

-T’ in tput and ul. ‘-t’ in wdiff.

text

-a’ in diff.

text-files

-T’ in shar.

time

Used in ls and touch.

timeout

Specify how long to wait before giving up on some operation.

to-stdout

-O’ in tar.

total

-c’ in du.

touch

-t’ in Make, ranlib, and recode.

trace

-t’ in m4.

traditional

-t’ in hello; ‘-W traditional’ in gawk; ‘-G’ in ed, m4, and ptx.

tty

Used in GDB.

typedefs

-t’ in ctags.

typedefs-and-c++

-T’ in ctags.

typeset-mode

-t’ in ptx.

uncompress

-z’ in tar.

unconditional

-u’ in cpio.

undefine

-U’ in m4.

undefined-only

-u’ in nm.

update

-u’ in cp, ctags, mv, tar.

usage

Used in gawk; same as ‘--help’.

uuencode

-B’ in shar.

vanilla-operation

-V’ in shar.

verbose

Print more information about progress. Many programs support this.

verify

-W’ in tar.

version

Print the version number.

version-control

-V’ in cp, ln, mv.

vgrind

-v’ in ctags.

volume

-V’ in tar.

what-if

-W’ in Make.

whole-size-limit

-l’ in shar.

width

-w’ in ls and ptx.

word-regexp

-W’ in ptx.

writable

-T’ in who.

zeros

-z’ in gprof.


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