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6.6.1 Ports

Ports represent input and output devices. To Scheme, an input port is a Scheme object that can deliver characters upon command, while an output port is a Scheme object that can accept characters.

library procedure: call-with-input-file string proc
library procedure: call-with-output-file string proc

String should be a string naming a file, and proc should be a procedure that accepts one argument. For ‘call-with-input-file’, the file should already exist; for ‘call-with-output-file’, the effect is unspecified if the file already exists. These procedures call proc with one argument: the port obtained by opening the named file for input or output. If the file cannot be opened, an error is signalled. If proc returns, then the port is closed automatically and the value(s) yielded by the proc is(are) returned. If proc does not return, then the port will not be closed automatically unless it is possible to prove that the port will never again be used for a read or write operation.


Rationale: Because Scheme’s escape procedures have unlimited extent, it is possible to escape from the current continuation but later to escape back in. If implementations were permitted to close the port on any escape from the current continuation, then it would be impossible to write portable code using both ‘call-with-current-continuation’ and ‘call-with-input-file’ or ‘call-with-output-file’.

procedure: input-port? obj
procedure: output-port? obj

Returns #t if obj is an input port or output port respectively, otherwise returns #f.

procedure: current-input-port
procedure: current-output-port

Returns the current default input or output port.

optional procedure: with-input-from-file string thunk
optional procedure: with-output-to-file string thunk

String should be a string naming a file, and proc should be a procedure of no arguments. For ‘with-input-from-file’, the file should already exist; for ‘with-output-to-file’, the effect is unspecified if the file already exists. The file is opened for input or output, an input or output port connected to it is made the default value returned by ‘current-input-port’ or ‘current-output-port’ (and is used by (read), (write obj), and so forth), and the thunk is called with no arguments. When the thunk returns, the port is closed and the previous default is restored. ‘With-input-from-file’ and ‘with-output-to-file’ return(s) the value(s) yielded by thunk. If an escape procedure is used to escape from the continuation of these procedures, their behavior is implementation dependent.

procedure: open-input-file filename

Takes a string naming an existing file and returns an input port capable of delivering characters from the file. If the file cannot be opened, an error is signalled.

procedure: open-output-file filename

Takes a string naming an output file to be created and returns an output port capable of writing characters to a new file by that name. If the file cannot be opened, an error is signalled. If a file with the given name already exists, the effect is unspecified.

procedure: close-input-port port
procedure: close-output-port port

Closes the file associated with port, rendering the port incapable of delivering or accepting characters.

These routines have no effect if the file has already been closed. The value returned is unspecified.


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