manpagez: man pages & more
info octave
Home | html | info | man
[ < ] [ > ]   [ << ] [ Up ] [ >> ]         [Top] [Contents] [Index] [ ? ]

5.3.2 Conversion of Numerical Data to Strings

Apart from the string concatenation functions (see section Concatenating Strings) which cast numerical data to the corresponding ASCII characters, there are several functions that format numerical data as strings. mat2str and num2str convert real or complex matrices, while int2str converts integer matrices. int2str takes the real part of complex values and round fractional values to integer. A more flexible way to format numerical data as strings is the sprintf function (see section Formatted Output, doc-sprintf).

Function File: s = mat2str (x, n)
Function File: s = mat2str (…, 'class')

Format real/complex numerical matrices as strings. This function returns values that are suitable for the use of the eval function.

The precision of the values is given by n. If n is a scalar then both real and imaginary parts of the matrix are printed to the same precision. Otherwise n (1) defines the precision of the real part and n (2) defines the precision of the imaginary part. The default for n is 17.

If the argument 'class' is given, then the class of x is included in the string in such a way that the eval will result in the construction of a matrix of the same class.

 
mat2str ([ -1/3 + i/7; 1/3 - i/7 ], [4 2])
     ⇒ "[-0.3333+0.14i;0.3333-0.14i]"

mat2str ([ -1/3 +i/7; 1/3 -i/7 ], [4 2])
     ⇒ "[-0.3333+0i,0+0.14i;0.3333+0i,-0-0.14i]"

mat2str (int16([1 -1]), 'class')
     ⇒ "int16([1,-1])"

See also: sprintf, num2str, int2str.

Function File: num2str (x)
Function File: num2str (x, precision)
Function File: num2str (x, format)

Convert a number (or array) to a string (or a character array). The optional second argument may either give the number of significant digits (precision) to be used in the output or a format template string (format) as in sprintf (see section Formatted Output). num2str can also handle complex numbers. For example:

 
num2str (123.456)
     ⇒ "123.46"

num2str (123.456, 4)
     ⇒ "123.5"

s = num2str ([1, 1.34; 3, 3.56], "%5.1f")
     ⇒ s =
        1.0  1.3
        3.0  3.6
whos s
     ⇒
      Attr Name        Size                     Bytes  Class
      ==== ====        ====                     =====  ===== 
           s           2x8                         16  char

num2str (1.234 + 27.3i)
     ⇒ "1.234+27.3i"

The num2str function is not very flexible. For better control over the results, use sprintf (see section Formatted Output). Note that for complex x, the format string may only contain one output conversion specification and nothing else. Otherwise, you will get unpredictable results.

See also: sprintf, int2str, mat2str.

Function File: int2str (n)

Convert an integer (or array of integers) to a string (or a character array).

 
int2str (123)
     ⇒ "123"

s = int2str ([1, 2, 3; 4, 5, 6])
     ⇒ s = 
        1  2  3
        4  5  6

whos s
     ⇒ s = 
      Attr Name        Size                     Bytes  Class
      ==== ====        ====                     =====  ===== 
           s           2x7                         14  char

This function is not very flexible. For better control over the results, use sprintf (see section Formatted Output).

See also: sprintf, num2str, mat2str.


[ < ] [ > ]   [ << ] [ Up ] [ >> ]         [Top] [Contents] [Index] [ ? ]
© manpagez.com 2000-2017
Individual documents may contain additional copyright information.