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14.1.1.1 Paging Screen Output

When running interactively, Octave normally sends any output intended for your terminal that is more than one screen long to a paging program, such as less or more. This avoids the problem of having a large volume of output stream by before you can read it. With less (and some versions of more) you can also scan forward and backward, and search for specific items.

Normally, no output is displayed by the pager until just before Octave is ready to print the top level prompt, or read from the standard input (for example, by using the fscanf or scanf functions). This means that there may be some delay before any output appears on your screen if you have asked Octave to perform a significant amount of work with a single command statement. The function fflush may be used to force output to be sent to the pager (or any other stream) immediately.

You can select the program to run as the pager using the PAGER function, and you can turn paging off by using the function more.

Command: more
Command: more on
Command: more off

Turn output pagination on or off. Without an argument, more toggles the current state. The current state can be determined via page_screen_output.

Built-in Function: val = PAGER ()
Built-in Function: old_val = PAGER (new_val)

Query or set the internal variable that specifies the program to use to display terminal output on your system. The default value is normally "less", "more", or "pg", depending on what programs are installed on your system. See section Installing Octave.

See also: more, page_screen_output, page_output_immediately, PAGER_FLAGS.

Built-in Function: val = PAGER_FLAGS ()
Built-in Function: old_val = PAGER_FLAGS (new_val)

Query or set the internal variable that specifies the options to pass to the pager.

See also: PAGER.

Built-in Function: val = page_screen_output ()
Built-in Function: old_val = page_screen_output (new_val)

Query or set the internal variable that controls whether output intended for the terminal window that is longer than one page is sent through a pager. This allows you to view one screenful at a time. Some pagers (such as less—see Installing Octave) are also capable of moving backward on the output.

Built-in Function: val = page_output_immediately ()
Built-in Function: val = page_output_immediately (new_val)

Query or set the internal variable that controls whether Octave sends output to the pager as soon as it is available. Otherwise, Octave buffers its output and waits until just before the prompt is printed to flush it to the pager.

Built-in Function: fflush (fid)

Flush output to fid. This is useful for ensuring that all pending output makes it to the screen before some other event occurs. For example, it is always a good idea to flush the standard output stream before calling input.

fflush returns 0 on success and an OS dependent error value (-1 on unix) on error.

See also: fopen, fclose.


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