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4.2.1 Command-line Options

Here we describe Guile’s command-line processing in detail. Guile processes its arguments from left to right, recognizing the switches described below. For examples, see Scripting Examples.

script arg...
-s script arg...

By default, Guile will read a file named on the command line as a script. Any command-line arguments arg... following script become the script’s arguments; the command-line function returns a list of strings of the form (script arg...).

It is possible to name a file using a leading hyphen, for example, ‘-myfile.scm’. In this case, the file name must be preceded by ‘-s’ to tell Guile that a (script) file is being named.

Scripts are read and evaluated as Scheme source code just as the load function would. After loading script, Guile exits.

-c expr arg...

Evaluate expr as Scheme code, and then exit. Any command-line arguments arg... following expr become command-line arguments; the command-line function returns a list of strings of the form (guile arg...), where guile is the path of the Guile executable.

-- arg...

Run interactively, prompting the user for expressions and evaluating them. Any command-line arguments arg... following the ‘--’ become command-line arguments for the interactive session; the command-line function returns a list of strings of the form (guile arg...), where guile is the path of the Guile executable.

-L directory

Add directory to the front of Guile’s module load path. The given directories are searched in the order given on the command line and before any directories in the GUILE_LOAD_PATH environment variable. Paths added here are not in effect during execution of the user’s ‘.guile’ file.

-C directory

Like ‘-L’, but adjusts the load path for compiled files.

-x extension

Add extension to the front of Guile’s load extension list (see section %load-extensions). The specified extensions are tried in the order given on the command line, and before the default load extensions. Extensions added here are not in effect during execution of the user’s ‘.guile’ file.

-l file

Load Scheme source code from file, and continue processing the command line.

-e function

Make function the entry point of the script. After loading the script file (with ‘-s’) or evaluating the expression (with ‘-c’), apply function to a list containing the program name and the command-line arguments—the list provided by the command-line function.

A ‘-e’ switch can appear anywhere in the argument list, but Guile always invokes the function as the last action it performs. This is weird, but because of the way script invocation works under POSIX, the ‘-s’ option must always come last in the list.

The function is most often a simple symbol that names a function that is defined in the script. It can also be of the form (@ module-name symbol), and in that case, the symbol is looked up in the module named module-name.

For compatibility with some versions of Guile 1.4, you can also use the form (symbol ...) (that is, a list of only symbols that doesn’t start with @), which is equivalent to (@ (symbol ...) main), or (symbol ...) symbol (that is, a list of only symbols followed by a symbol), which is equivalent to (@ (symbol ...) symbol). We recommend to use the equivalent forms directly since they correspond to the (@ ...) read syntax that can be used in normal code. See Using Guile Modules and Scripting Examples.


Treat a final ‘-s’ option as if it occurred at this point in the command line; load the script here.

This switch is necessary because, although the POSIX script invocation mechanism effectively requires the ‘-s’ option to appear last, the programmer may well want to run the script before other actions requested on the command line. For examples, see Scripting Examples.


Read more command-line arguments, starting from the second line of the script file. See section The Meta Switch.


The option ‘--use-srfi’ expects a comma-separated list of numbers, each representing a SRFI module to be loaded into the interpreter before evaluating a script file or starting the REPL. Additionally, the feature identifier for the loaded SRFIs is recognized by the procedure cond-expand when this option is used.

Here is an example that loads the modules SRFI-8 (’receive’) and SRFI-13 (’string library’) before the GUILE interpreter is started:

guile --use-srfi=8,13

Start with the debugging virtual machine (VM) engine. Using the debugging VM will enable support for VM hooks, which are needed for tracing, breakpoints, and accurate call counts when profiling. The debugging VM is slower than the regular VM, though, by about ten percent. See section VM Hooks, for more information.

By default, the debugging VM engine is only used when entering an interactive session. When executing a script with ‘-s’ or ‘-c’, the normal, faster VM is used by default.


Do not use the debugging VM engine, even when entering an interactive session.

Note that, despite the name, Guile running with ‘--no-debugdoes support the usual debugging facilities, such as printing a detailed backtrace upon error. The only difference with ‘--debug’ is lack of support for VM hooks and the facilities that build upon it (see above).


Do not load the initialization file, ‘.guile’. This option only has an effect when running interactively; running scripts does not load the ‘.guile’ file. See section The Init File, ‘~/.guile.


While this program runs, listen on a local port or a path for REPL clients. If p starts with a number, it is assumed to be a local port on which to listen. If it starts with a forward slash, it is assumed to be a path to a UNIX domain socket on which to listen.

If p is not given, the default is local port 37146. If you look at it upside down, it almost spells “Guile”. If you have netcat installed, you should be able to nc localhost 37146 and get a Guile prompt. Alternately you can fire up Emacs and connect to the process; see Using Guile in Emacs for more details.

Note that opening a port allows anyone who can connect to that port—in the TCP case, any local user—to do anything Guile can do, as the user that the Guile process is running as. Do not use ‘--listen’ on multi-user machines. Of course, if you do not pass ‘--listen’ to Guile, no port will be opened.

That said, ‘--listen’ is great for interactive debugging and development.


Compile source files automatically (default behavior).


Treat the auto-compilation cache as invalid, forcing recompilation.


Disable automatic source file compilation.


For the remainder of the command line arguments, assume that files mentioned with -l and expressions passed with -c are written in lang. lang must be the name of one of the languages supported by the compiler (see section Compiler Tower). When run interactively, set the REPL’s language to lang (see section Using Guile Interactively).

The default language is scheme; other interesting values include elisp (for Emacs Lisp), and ecmascript.

The example below shows the evaluation of expressions in Scheme, Emacs Lisp, and ECMAScript:

guile -c "(apply + '(1 2))"
guile --language=elisp -c "(= (funcall (symbol-function '+) 1 2) 3)"
guile --language=ecmascript -c '(function (x) { return x * x; })(2);'

To load a file written in Scheme and one written in Emacs Lisp, and then start a Scheme REPL, type:

guile -l foo.scm --language=elisp -l foo.el --language=scheme
-h, --help

Display help on invoking Guile, and then exit.

-v, --version

Display the current version of Guile, and then exit.

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