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D.3 Stop Reply Packets

The ‘C’, ‘c’, ‘S’, ‘s’ and ‘?’ packets can receive any of the below as a reply. In the case of the ‘C’, ‘c’, ‘S’ and ‘s’ packets, that reply is only returned when the target halts. In the below the exact meaning of signal number is defined by the header ‘include/gdb/signals.h’ in the No value for GDBN source code.

As in the description of request packets, we include spaces in the reply templates for clarity; these are not part of the reply packet's syntax. No No value for GDBN stop reply packet uses spaces to separate its components.

S AA

The program received signal number AA (a two-digit hexadecimal number). This is equivalent to a ‘T’ response with no n:r pairs.

T AA n1:r1;n2:r2;…

The program received signal number AA (a two-digit hexadecimal number). This is equivalent to an ‘S’ response, except that the ‘n:r’ pairs can carry values of important registers and other information directly in the stop reply packet, reducing round-trip latency. Single-step and breakpoint traps are reported this way. Each ‘n:r’ pair is interpreted as follows:

  • If n is a hexadecimal number, it is a register number, and the corresponding r gives that register's value. r is a series of bytes in target byte order, with each byte given by a two-digit hex number.
  • If n is ‘thread’, then r is the thread process ID, in hex.
  • If n is a recognized stop reason, it describes a more specific event that stopped the target. The currently defined stop reasons are listed below. aa should be ‘05’, the trap signal. At most one stop reason should be present.
  • Otherwise, No value for GDBN should ignore this ‘n:r’ pair and go on to the next; this allows us to extend the protocol in the future.

The currently defined stop reasons are:

watch
rwatch
awatch

The packet indicates a watchpoint hit, and r is the data address, in hex.

library

The packet indicates that the loaded libraries have changed. No value for GDBN should use ‘qXfer:libraries:read’ to fetch a new list of loaded libraries. r is ignored.

W AA

The process exited, and AA is the exit status. This is only applicable to certain targets.

X AA

The process terminated with signal AA.

O XX

XX’ is hex encoding of ASCII data, to be written as the program's console output. This can happen at any time while the program is running and the debugger should continue to wait for ‘W’, ‘T’, etc.

F call-id,parameter

call-id is the identifier which says which host system call should be called. This is just the name of the function. Translation into the correct system call is only applicable as it's defined in No value for GDBN. See section File-I/O Remote Protocol Extension, for a list of implemented system calls.

parameter’ is a list of parameters as defined for this very system call.

The target replies with this packet when it expects No value for GDBN to call a host system call on behalf of the target. No value for GDBN replies with an appropriate ‘F’ packet and keeps up waiting for the next reply packet from the target. The latest ‘C’, ‘c’, ‘S’ or ‘s’ action is expected to be continued. See section File-I/O Remote Protocol Extension, for more details.


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