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3.17.4.3 AVR Built-in Macros

GCC defines several built-in macros so that the user code can test for the presence or absence of features. Almost any of the following built-in macros are deduced from device capabilities and thus triggered by the -mmcu= command-line option.

For even more AVR-specific built-in macros see AVR Named Address Spaces and AVR Built-in Functions.

__AVR_ARCH__

Build-in macro that resolves to a decimal number that identifies the architecture and depends on the -mmcu=mcu option. Possible values are:

2, 25, 3, 31, 35, 4, 5, 51, 6, 102, 104, 105, 106, 107

for mcu=avr2, avr25, avr3, avr31, avr35, avr4, avr5, avr51, avr6, avrxmega2, avrxmega4, avrxmega5, avrxmega6, avrxmega7, respectively. If mcu specifies a device, this built-in macro is set accordingly. For example, with -mmcu=atmega8 the macro will be defined to 4.

__AVR_Device__

Setting -mmcu=device defines this built-in macro which reflects the device’s name. For example, -mmcu=atmega8 defines the built-in macro __AVR_ATmega8__, -mmcu=attiny261a defines __AVR_ATtiny261A__, etc.

The built-in macros’ names follow the scheme __AVR_Device__ where Device is the device name as from the AVR user manual. The difference between Device in the built-in macro and device in -mmcu=device is that the latter is always lowercase.

If device is not a device but only a core architecture like avr51, this macro will not be defined.

__AVR_XMEGA__

The device / architecture belongs to the XMEGA family of devices.

__AVR_HAVE_ELPM__

The device has the the ELPM instruction.

__AVR_HAVE_ELPMX__

The device has the ELPM Rn,Z and ELPM Rn,Z+ instructions.

__AVR_HAVE_MOVW__

The device has the MOVW instruction to perform 16-bit register-register moves.

__AVR_HAVE_LPMX__

The device has the LPM Rn,Z and LPM Rn,Z+ instructions.

__AVR_HAVE_MUL__

The device has a hardware multiplier.

__AVR_HAVE_JMP_CALL__

The device has the JMP and CALL instructions. This is the case for devices with at least 16 KiB of program memory.

__AVR_HAVE_EIJMP_EICALL__
__AVR_3_BYTE_PC__

The device has the EIJMP and EICALL instructions. This is the case for devices with more than 128 KiB of program memory. This also means that the program counter (PC) is 3 bytes wide.

__AVR_2_BYTE_PC__

The program counter (PC) is 2 bytes wide. This is the case for devices with up to 128 KiB of program memory.

__AVR_HAVE_8BIT_SP__
__AVR_HAVE_16BIT_SP__

The stack pointer (SP) register is treated as 8-bit respectively 16-bit register by the compiler. The definition of these macros is affected by -mtiny-stack.

__AVR_HAVE_SPH__
__AVR_SP8__

The device has the SPH (high part of stack pointer) special function register or has an 8-bit stack pointer, respectively. The definition of these macros is affected by -mmcu= and in the cases of -mmcu=avr2 and -mmcu=avr25 also by -msp8.

__AVR_HAVE_RAMPD__
__AVR_HAVE_RAMPX__
__AVR_HAVE_RAMPY__
__AVR_HAVE_RAMPZ__

The device has the RAMPD, RAMPX, RAMPY, RAMPZ special function register, respectively.

__NO_INTERRUPTS__

This macro reflects the -mno-interrupts command line option.

__AVR_ERRATA_SKIP__
__AVR_ERRATA_SKIP_JMP_CALL__

Some AVR devices (AT90S8515, ATmega103) must not skip 32-bit instructions because of a hardware erratum. Skip instructions are SBRS, SBRC, SBIS, SBIC and CPSE. The second macro is only defined if __AVR_HAVE_JMP_CALL__ is also set.

__AVR_SFR_OFFSET__=offset

Instructions that can address I/O special function registers directly like IN, OUT, SBI, etc. may use a different address as if addressed by an instruction to access RAM like LD or STS. This offset depends on the device architecture and has to be subtracted from the RAM address in order to get the respective I/O address.

__WITH_AVRLIBC__

The compiler is configured to be used together with AVR-Libc. See the --with-avrlibc configure option.


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