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gawk: Invoking Summary

 
 2.11 Summary
 ============
 
    * Use either 'awk 'PROGRAM' FILES' or 'awk -f PROGRAM-FILE FILES' to
      run 'awk'.
 
    * The three standard options for all versions of 'awk' are '-f',
      '-F', and '-v'.  'gawk' supplies these and many others, as well as
      corresponding GNU-style long options.
 
    * Nonoption command-line arguments are usually treated as file names,
      unless they have the form 'VAR=VALUE', in which case they are taken
      as variable assignments to be performed at that point in processing
      the input.
 
    * All nonoption command-line arguments, excluding the program text,
      are placed in the 'ARGV' array.  Adjusting 'ARGC' and 'ARGV'
      affects how 'awk' processes input.
 
    * You can use a single minus sign ('-') to refer to standard input on
      the command line.  'gawk' also lets you use the special file name
      '/dev/stdin'.
 
    * 'gawk' pays attention to a number of environment variables.
      'AWKPATH', 'AWKLIBPATH', and 'POSIXLY_CORRECT' are the most
      important ones.
 
    * 'gawk''s exit status conveys information to the program that
      invoked it.  Use the 'exit' statement from within an 'awk' program
      to set the exit status.
 
    * 'gawk' allows you to include other 'awk' source files into your
      program using the '@include' statement and/or the '-i' and '-f'
      command-line options.
 
    * 'gawk' allows you to load additional functions written in C or C++
      using the '@load' statement and/or the '-l' option.  (This advanced
      feature is described later, in ⇒Dynamic Extensions.)
 
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