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gawk: Continue Statement

 
 7.4.7 The 'continue' Statement
 ------------------------------
 
 Similar to 'break', the 'continue' statement is used only inside 'for',
 'while', and 'do' loops.  It skips over the rest of the loop body,
 causing the next cycle around the loop to begin immediately.  Contrast
 this with 'break', which jumps out of the loop altogether.
 
    The 'continue' statement in a 'for' loop directs 'awk' to skip the
 rest of the body of the loop and resume execution with the
 increment-expression of the 'for' statement.  The following program
 illustrates this fact:
 
      BEGIN {
           for (x = 0; x <= 20; x++) {
               if (x == 5)
                   continue
               printf "%d ", x
           }
           print ""
      }
 
 This program prints all the numbers from 0 to 20--except for 5, for
 which the 'printf' is skipped.  Because the increment 'x++' is not
 skipped, 'x' does not remain stuck at 5.  Contrast the 'for' loop from
 the previous example with the following 'while' loop:
 
      BEGIN {
           x = 0
           while (x <= 20) {
               if (x == 5)
                   continue
               printf "%d ", x
               x++
           }
           print ""
      }
 
 This program loops forever once 'x' reaches 5, because the increment
 ('x++') is never reached.
 
    The 'continue' statement has no special meaning with respect to the
 'switch' statement, nor does it have any meaning when used outside the
 body of a loop.  Historical versions of 'awk' treated a 'continue'
 statement outside a loop the same way they treated a 'break' statement
 outside a loop: as if it were a 'next' statement (⇒Next
 Statement).  (d.c.)  Recent versions of BWK 'awk' no longer work this
 way, nor does 'gawk'.
 
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